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artificial light sources

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Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780329
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... the chemistry induced by exposure to sunlight in open air. Elementary aspects of weatherability chemistry that are discussed include the light wavelengths responsible for polymer photochemistry, problems with artificial light sources, general photooxidation and specific photochemical reactions important...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780153
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... plastics react differently to different wavelengths in the UV spectrum. Therefore, it is important to have a light source producing a spectral distribution that is close to that of natural sunlight. This should achieve a representative artificial effect indicative of what a plastic will experience...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720021
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
... or in conjunction with eyeglasses Magnifying devices with built-in light sources Hand-Held Lenses Pocket Microscopes Self-Supporting Magnifiers Magnifying Devices Which are Eye Attachments Illuminated Magnifiers General Lighting Specific Lighting Devices Measuring devices...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmub.t53550033
EISBN: 978-1-62708-307-2
... heat treated from annealed or F temper and artificially aged. Source: Ref 2.3 The principal alloying elements in wrought aluminum alloys include copper, manganese, magnesium, silicon, and zinc. Alloys containing copper, magnesium + silicon, and zinc are precipitation hardenable to fairly...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240509
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
..., strain hardened and partially annealed T4, solution heat treated T5, artificially aged only T6, solution heat treated and artificially aged T8, solution heat treated, cold worked, and artificially aged Source: Ref 5 Nominal compositions of magnesium casting alloys Table 27.2...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmub.t53550141
EISBN: 978-1-62708-307-2
... heat treated and artificially aged T8, solution heat treated, cold worked, and artificially aged Source: Ref 3.5 Magnesium castings are used in structural applications because of their low weight and good damping characteristics. Magnesium alloys have a very low viscosity, allowing...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240487
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... worked 10—Cooled from an elevated-temperature shaping operation + cold worked + artificial aged Source: Ref 3 As-Fabricated (F) The principal alloying elements in wrought aluminum alloys include copper, manganese, magnesium, silicon, and zinc. Alloys containing copper, magnesium...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060333
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
...-26.8 Ru Zn-22 Al Zn-47 Mg Zn-43.8 Ni Zr-4.5 Ag Zr-1.7 Cr (a) Eutectoid compositions are in weight percent. Source: Ref 14.1 In addition, martensitic transformations serve as the principal hardening mechanism in some nonferrous metals and alloys. The nonferrous...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpmpa.t54480353
EISBN: 978-1-62708-318-8
... Association Fig. 15.30 Light utility vehicle evolution. Courtesy of the International Titanium Association Fig. 15.25 Titanium dental tools, surgical screws, and implants. Source: Ref 15.24 Fig. 15.31 Influence of automobile weight on fuel economy for a passenger vehicle...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410163
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
... 10.1179/000844362794954726 9.61 Thompson S.W. and Krauss G. , Precipitation and Fine Structure in Medium-Carbon Vanadium and Vanadium/Niobium Microalloyed Steels , Metall. Trans. A , Vol 20A , 1989 , p 2279 – 2288 10.1007/BF02666663 9.62 Samuels L.E. , Light...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170432
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... commercially produced contain aluminum, manganese, zinc, zirconium, rare earths, and silver in order to obtain the strong, light weight alloys needed for structural uses. Magnesium alloys systems can be subdivided as follows: Magnesium-manganese Magnesium-aluminum-manganese Magnesium-aluminum-zinc...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1984
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mpp.t67850267
EISBN: 978-1-62708-260-0
... or green. In color microscopy, one must pay strict attention to the spectral composition of the illumination source. Light sources are rated in terms of the color temperature of the source as compared to that of sunlight (5200-5800 K). Most artificial light sources have substantially lower color...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aet.t68260187
EISBN: 978-1-62708-336-2
... wall thicknesses (including tube); C, hollow sections with varying wall thickness (one or more cavities in the section). (b) Extruded over the mandrel. Source: Ref 11 Extrudability ratings of various hard alloys Table 1 Extrudability ratings of various hard alloys Alloy...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.caaa.t67870063
EISBN: 978-1-62708-299-0
... such as microstructure, tensile strength, or fracture toughness. In addition, determination of the inherent type of attack in an accelerated test is of limited usefulness and must be interpreted in the light of the metallurgical history of the metal. Generally, alloys that are susceptible to intergranular attack...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.caaa.t67870099
EISBN: 978-1-62708-299-0
... on the Fatigue Strength of Some Aluminum Alloys , Sumitomo Light Met. Tech. Rep. , Vol 16 , 1975 , p 17 22. Takeuchi T. , Corrosion Abstracts , Vol 13 , 1957 , p 13 23. Cole H.G. and Payne R.J.M. , Protection of Aluminum-Zinc-Magnesium Alloy Against Corrosion Fatigue...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfub.t53740271
EISBN: 978-1-62708-308-9
... or spheroidizing heat treatment. Heat treatments can be used to not only harden steels but also to provide other useful combinations of properties, such as ductility, formability, and machinability. Fig. 1 Effect of carbon content on steel strength. UTS, ultimate tensile strength; YS, yield strength. Source...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090241
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... are for the standard hydrogen electrode (SHE) scale. Source: Ref 8.3 Fig. 8.2 Weight loss of alloy 3004-H14 exposed 1 week in distilled water and in solutions of various pH values. Specimens were 1.6 × 13 × 75 mm (0.06 × 0.5 × 3 in.). The pH values of solutions were adjusted with HCl and NaOH. Test...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 May 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hma.t59250107
EISBN: 978-1-62708-287-7
... on aluminum alloys developed by Alcoa. aerospace applications aluminum aluminum alloys metal production Aluminum is a common structural metal in today’s industrial world. It is produced in quantities exceeded only by steel. Its light weight, corrosion resistance, and ability to produce high...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.caaa.t67870025
EISBN: 978-1-62708-299-0
... M.S. and Fowle P. , Naturally and Thermally Formed Oxide Films on Aluminum , J. Electrochem. Soc. , Vol 103 , 1956 , p 482 10.1149/1.2430389 2. Godard H.P. , Jepson W.B. , Bothwell M.R. , and Kane R.L. , The Corrosion of Light Metals , John Wiley & Sons...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780159
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... to measure smolder susceptibility and flash-fire propensity. The former is particularly important for soft furnishings, where the classic ignition source is a lighted cigarette. Appropriate tests are described in Ref 5 . While most of the destruction associated with fires occurs during flaming, most...