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argon-oxygen decarburization

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Published: 01 November 2013
Fig. 12 Schematic of an argon oxygen decarburization vessel. Source: Ref 12 More
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Published: 01 March 2002
Fig. 4.6 Schematic of argon oxygen decarburizing vessel More
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hss.t52790175
EISBN: 978-1-62708-356-0
.... It also discusses the following processes: wild process, rustless process, and Linde Argon-Oxygen decarburization process. The Wild Process The Rustless Process The Linde Argon-Oxygen Decarburization (AOD) Process Experiments on AOD Continue at Joslyn Stainless Steel Tests at Haynes...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 May 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hma.t59250093
EISBN: 978-1-62708-287-7
... in cutlery and tableware are then presented. Information on the development of alloys for specific applications and on the argon oxygen decarburization process is also provided. The chapter ends with a discussion on the major use for stainless steel after WWII. argon oxygen decarburization cutlery...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240433
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... Abstract This chapter discusses the classification, composition, properties, and applications of five types of stainless steels: austenitic, ferritic, duplex, martensitic, and precipitation-hardening steels. It discusses the process involved in argon oxygen decarburization that is used...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.stg2.t61280041
EISBN: 978-1-62708-267-9
... involved in converting cast ingots into mill products. argon oxygen decarburization cast ingots electric arc furnace melting electroslag remelting mill products superalloys vacuum arc remelting vacuum induction melting Solidification of Superalloys Introduction The solidification...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sch6.t68200187
EISBN: 978-1-62708-354-6
..., and the recovery of elements from slag. It then presents an overview of argon-oxygen-decarburization (AOD) refining and types of ladles. The chapter describes chemical analysis that is performed using either optical emission or x-ray spectrographs. chemical analysis melting melting furnaces refractories...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310155
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... of stainless steel is made by arc furnace melting followed by argon oxygen decarburization (AOD) refining and continuous casting. It is not normal, and it is seldom beneficial for the end user to specify processing paths. The end user should, however, be knowledgeable and require the producer to document...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfub.t53740001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-308-9
... pressures Removal of dissolved gases, for example, hydrogen and nitrogen Vacuum induction melting is indispensable in the manufacture of superalloys. Compared to air-melting processes such electric arc furnaces with argon oxygen decarburization (AOD) converters, VIM of superalloys provides...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hss.t52790185
EISBN: 978-1-62708-356-0
... was later adopted as AISI grade 329 and Swedish SIS 2324, had a yield strength three times that of type 304 (annealed) and a tensile strength 1.4 times that of type 304. It has only been since the 1970s that duplex stainless steels have become popular, primarily by the increased use of the argon-oxygen...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220009
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
... decarburization (VOD) and argon oxygen decarburization (AOD) processes, favoring carbon over chromium or silicon oxidation because of the low effective CO pressure, was the main reason for the change. This also has made possible the production of extra-low-carbon steels (such as 20 ppm C IF steels). In this case...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pmsspmp.t52000023
EISBN: 978-1-62708-312-6
... are expected to be replaced by larger-sized electric arc furnaces that, in combination with argon oxygen decarburization, will permit tighter control of composition as well as the use of less expensive raw materials. The choice of raw materials and melting of gas-atomized stainless steels follow, more...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ts5.t65900029
EISBN: 978-1-62708-358-4
... was published—specifically, the incorporation of secondary refining operations such as argon oxygen decarburization (AOD), vacuum oxygen decarburization (VOD), and ladle furnaces ( Ref 1 ). The steelmaking process has been split into two stages. The first stage consists essentially of only melting with little...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130151
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
... the presence of atmospheric oxygen that remains in the mold as a consequence of the inert feature of the mold and its permeability in relation to the surroundings. Some analysts have measured the thickness of the decarburized layer in carbon steels cast by lost wax and discovered that it increases...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cw.t51820077
EISBN: 978-1-62708-339-3
... resistant, tough, and ductile in the as-welded condition. To achieve these results, electron-beam vacuum refining, argon oxygen decarburization (AOD), vacuum oxygen decarburization (VOD), and vacuum induction melting (VIM) steelmaking processes were used. The Group III alloys can be further divided...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030096
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... and argon-oxygen decarburization...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sch6.t68200437
EISBN: 978-1-62708-354-6
... at approximately 45 degrees. Anisotropy . .. The characteristic of exhibiting different property values in different directions with respect to a fixed reference system in the material. AOD . . . See Argon Oxygen Decarburization. APFBM Atomic Probe Field Ion Microscopy. An analytical technique in which atoms...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310225
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... industry. The compelling need of the automotive industry for economy drove the widespread adoption of argon oxygen decarburization (AOD), the continuous caster, and other highvolume methods of the carbon steel industry. So, even while the traditional automotive uses of stainless steels—wheel covers...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310109
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... was required because during annealing, to develop the fully ferritic structure, carbon combines with chromium, rendering it useless as a corrosion fighter. In October 1967, the first commercial use of argon oxygen decarburization (AOD) changed the world for ferritic stainless steel. This process, in which...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... through corrosion processes like pitting. This is one explanation of, and the most likely explanation for, stress corrosion cracking. While hydrogen is easily removed by argon oxygen decarburization (AOD), assuming absolutely dry blowing gases and additions are used, it can be picked up during pickling...