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aqueous systems

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030082
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
...Abstract Abstract This chapter discusses the effects of metallurgical variables on dealloying corrosion. It begins by describing the processes involved in dealloying of metal alloys in aqueous environments. This is followed by a discussion on the morphology of porous dealloyed structures below...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230117
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
...). It is easily hydrolyzed by water vapor or in aqueous solutions. Beryllium chloride hydrate is obtained by concentrating a saturated aqueous solution of the chloride in a flow of hydrogen chloride. Chloroberyllate compounds have not been isolated from aqueous systems, but they have been isolated from anhydrous...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030019
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... with copper or nickel and their alloys and with other more noble materials. However, couples of stainless and copper alloys are often used with impunity in freshwater cooling systems. Iron and steel tend to protect stainless steel in aqueous environments when galvanically coupled. The passive behavior...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230093
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
... process described by Maddox and Foos [1966] , beryllium is stripped from the loaded organic solvent at 55 °C (130 °F) with 3 M ammonium carbonate solution kept near pH 9.3. The organic extractant is converted to NH 4 DEHP during stripping, removing some of the ammonium ions from the aqueous system...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030215
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... combinations known to result in stress-corrosion cracking Environment Alloy system Aluminum alloys Carbon steels Copper alloys Nickel alloys Stainless steels Titanium alloys Zirconium alloys Austenitic Duplex Martensitic Amines, aqueous … • • … … … … … … Ammonia, anhydrous...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090135
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... of their resistance to stress-corrosion cracking (SCC). However, SCC of nickel-base alloys can occur under particular combinations of environment, microstructure, and stress. The number of environments that can cause SCC of nickel-base alloys (indeed of almost any alloy system) has grown with time ( Table 5.1...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... Prediction by Mechanistic Modeling and System Monitoring of Environment Cracking of Fe and Ni Alloys in Aqueous Systems , Mater. Sci. Eng. , Vol A103 , 1988 , p 167 10.1016/0025-5416(88)90564-2 1.63 Simonen E.P. and Jones R.H. , Acta Metall. , in press 1.64 Thompson A.W...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230071
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
.... , Novoselova A.V. , and Simanov Yu.P. , 1958 . Thermal and X-Ray Analysis of the CsF-BeF 2 System and Its Interrelations with the MeF-BeF 2 Systems , Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR , Vol 118 , p 935 – 937 Copaux M.H. , 1919 . C.R. Acad. Sci., Paris , Vol 163 , p 610 Crocker L...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030292
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... United States American Society of Mechanical Engineers B31.3 Code for Pressure Piping American National Standards Institute Great Britain British Standards Institution BS 3351: Piping Systems for Petroleum Refineries and Petrochemical Plants Tanks United States American Petroleum...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090221
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... Kawashima A. , Agrawal A.K. , and Staehle R.W. , Effect of Oxyanions and Chloride Ions on the Stress Corrosion Cracking Susceptibility of Admiralty Brass in Nonammoniacal Aqueous Solutions , Stress Corrosion Cracking—The Slow Strain Rate Technique , STP 665 , Ugiansky G.M...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030209
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... , October 2000 • Schutt H.U. and Rhodes P.R. , “ Corrosion in the Aqueous Hydrogen Sulfide, Ammonia, Oxygen System ,” Paper 331, presented at Corrosion/95 , NACE International, 1995 • Tebbal S. , Kane R.D. , and Yamada K. , Assessment of the Corrosivity of Crude...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fec.t65940001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-302-7
..., and how their formation can be a major factor in controlling corrosion. aqueous corrosion chemical reactions electrochemical corrosion Definition and Examples of Corrosion The Need to Control Corrosion Corrosion Mechanisms Electrochemical Corrosion Processes and Variables...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 February 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.chffa.t51040067
EISBN: 978-1-62708-300-3
... in Forging 7.4 Parameters Influencing Friction and Lubrication 7.5 Characteristics of Lubricants Used 7.6 Lubrication Systems for Cold Forging 7.7 Lubrication Systems for Warm and Hot Forging 7.8 Methods for Evaluation of Lubricants References References [Altan, 1970] Altan T...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910049
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... corrosion product (rust). The change in the energy of the system is the driving force for the corrosion process, which behaves according to the laws of thermodynamics. The thermodynamics of aqueous corrosion is the subject of the first half of this Chapter. Important concepts described include...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fec.t65940023
EISBN: 978-1-62708-302-7
... occurring at each electrode, accounting for different variables, mechanisms, and electrochemical effects. The chapter concludes with an in-depth review of Pourbaix diagrams, explaining what they reveal about the stability of metal-water systems and the formation of corrosion products. electrochemical...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230459
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
...Abstract Abstract This chapter covers the corrosion behavior of beryllium in aqueous environments. It describes the chemical reactions that drive the corrosion process, the conditions required for equilibrium, and the factors that affect corrosion resistance. It discusses the stability...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780336
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
.... Incubation in aqueous systems is possible by attaching the short edges of a test film to a microscope slide with an appropriate waterproof adhesive. Growth on the adhesive components may occur, but its origin from the adhesive application site will be obvious. It should be noted that loss of film...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090043
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
...Abstract Abstract This chapter addresses the issue of stress-corrosion cracking (SCC) in carbon and low-alloy steels. It discusses crack initiation, propagation, and fracture in aqueous chloride, hydrogen sulfide, sulfuric acid, hydroxide, ammonia, nitrate, ethanol, methanol, and hydrogen gas...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030003
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... for many years. A broad view would separate corrosion into two categories: corrosion that is not influenced by any other process and corrosion that is influenced by another process, such as the presence of stresses or erosion. A more focused view would categorize corrosion as uniform or localized, aqueous...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.t68350011
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
... attack, such as sandblasting, filing, or grinding of a metal surface, to primarily corrosion failures, where the contribution of mechanical action is quite small. All types of corrosive media generally can cause erosion-corrosion, including gases, aqueous solutions, organic systems, and liquid metals...