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aqueous lubricants

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2023
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.stmflw.t59390100
EISBN: 978-1-62708-459-8
... Abstract This chapter describes the properties and attributes of various classes of metalworking lubricants, including mineral oils; natural oils, fats, derivatives, and soaps; synthetic fluids (olefins, esters, polyglycols, ionic liquids); compounded lubricants (oils, greases, fats); aqueous...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 February 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.chffa.t51040067
EISBN: 978-1-62708-300-3
... wear due to thermal softening. Second, an MoS 2 or graphite layer remains on the dies following evaporation of the aqueous solution. This layer not only acts as a lubricant, but also as insulation against excessive die heating [ Schey, 1983 ] [ Manji, 1994 ]. Today, concerns over the environmental...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2023
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.stmflw.t59390001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-459-8
... – previously used on tinning lines – as a rolling lubricant. It spread from the U.S. to all parts of the world and is still a lubricant of recognized quality. High rolling speeds also created a substantial problem of roll heating, and water – applied either separately or in the form of an aqueous dispersion...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2023
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.stmflw.t59390325
EISBN: 978-1-62708-459-8
... Abstract Forging is a deformation process achieved through the application of compressive stresses. During the stroke, pressures and velocities are continuously changing and the initial lubricant supply must suffice for the duration of the operation. Lubricant residues and pickup products also...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2023
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.stmflw.t59390241
EISBN: 978-1-62708-459-8
... in application of oil-based or aqueous fluids (i.e., an emulsion) [ 75 ]. It can be applied to the die inlet, to the wire, and often also to the capstan, or the entire machine can be submerged in a bath. When the machine operates with slip, the lubricant must reduce wear of the capstan while maintaining some...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ttg2.t61120085
EISBN: 978-1-62708-269-3
... partially or wholly destroyed when the oil ignited. When titanium was ground with aluminum oxide belts, a water lubricant was less effective than air. The water reacted with the aluminum oxide to form a weak hydroxide that proved ineffective as a grinding lubricant. A 5% aqueous solution of potassium...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230199
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
... may be used on all but the final disk, which is best used dry. Kerosene lubrication may also be used. Pressures should be extremely light, barely enough to keep the specimen against the disk. Only sharp disks should be used. The abrasive discs are revolved at 1750 rpm on a conventional pedestal...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2023
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.stmflw.t59390389
EISBN: 978-1-62708-459-8
... are higher. Aqueous lubricants can be used for less severe duties. Liquid lubricants are helpful in removing wear debris, which becomes a major cause of wear when clearances are large. Of the most frequently used sheet metals, austenitic stainless steel is prone to adhesion and requires a minimum of 7.5...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fec.t65940451
EISBN: 978-1-62708-302-7
... Aromatic Hydrocarbons • D 930, Test Method of Total Immersion Corrosion Test of Water-Soluble Aluminum Cleaners • D 1141, Specification for Substitute Ocean Water • D 1176, Test Method for Sampling and Preparing Aqueous Solutions of Engine Coolants or Antirusts for Testing Purposes • D 1193...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300391
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
... Abstract This chapter covers the tribological properties of different types of oil, greases, solid lubricants, and metalworking and traction fluids. It explains how lubricants are made, how they work, and how they are applied and tested. It also discusses the fundamentals of lubrication...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2023
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.stmflw.t59390173
EISBN: 978-1-62708-459-8
... the friction and wear that occur in hot and cold rolling under hydrodynamic and mixed-film lubrication; the influence of viscosity, film thickness, rolling speed, interface pressure, pass reduction, and lubricant breakdown; and the effect of surface finish and defects. The chapter also provides best practices...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2023
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.stmflw.t59390456
EISBN: 978-1-62708-459-8
... and extend the life of cutting tools based on the material of construction, the use of cutting fluids, and the means of lubrication. It presents various methods for evaluating workpiece materials, chip formation, wear, and surface finish in cutting processes such as turning, milling, and drilling. It also...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2023
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.stmflw.t59390039
EISBN: 978-1-62708-459-8
..., and oxidation may also give rise to a charge. The current path is closed from workpiece to die through the equipment and through the lubricant. The accelerating effect can be neutralized by isolation or by the imposition of a reverse voltage (see Chapter 11 ). In aqueous solutions and oil-in-water emulsions...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2023
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.stmflw.9781627084598
EISBN: 978-1-62708-459-8
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780267
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... Lubrication of Rubber by Aqueous Surfactant , J. Phys. D, Appl. Phys. , Vol 25 , 1992 , p A76 – A80 10.1088/0022-3727/25/1A/014 44. Wang A. , Essner A. , Polineni V.K. , Sun D.C. , Stark C. , and Dumbleton J.H. , Lubrication and Wear of Ultra-High Molecular Weight...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpmpa.t54480207
EISBN: 978-1-62708-318-8
... proprietary, but commercial coatings containing a silicon base to form a seal and serve as a lubricant are available that meet the requirement for titanium. Coatings have been developed for use at specific temperature ranges and requirements. Therefore, several different coatings can be used, depending...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pmsspmp.t52000023
EISBN: 978-1-62708-312-6
... Abstract Stainless steel powders are usually made by water or gas atomization. This chapter describes both processes and the properties and characteristics of the powders they produce. It also discusses secondary processes, including drying, screening, annealing, and lubricating...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.9781627083157
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.t68350231
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
..., diffusion bonding, casting, heavy chemical deposition, or heavy electroplating. coating. A relatively thin layer ( 1 mm, or 0.04 in.) of material applied by surfacing for the purpose of corrosion prevention, resistance to high- temperature scaling, wear resistance, lubrication, or other purposes...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090271
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... (but not stage I) subcritical cracking behavior. This is the situation in most common aqueous environments, including seawater and brines, where alloy composition and metallurgical condition dictate the susceptibility of a titanium alloy to SCC. Titanium alloys may also be exposed to a few unique...