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aqueous corrosion

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.uhcf3.t53630211
EISBN: 978-1-62708-270-9
... corrosion, microbiologically influenced corrosion, stress-corrosion cracking, and corrosion fatigue. aqueous corrosion corrosion fatigue crevice corrosion galvanic corrosion microbiologically influenced corrosion pitting corrosion stress-corrosion cracking uniform corrosion CORROSION...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230459
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
...Abstract Abstract This chapter covers the corrosion behavior of beryllium in aqueous environments. It describes the chemical reactions that drive the corrosion process, the conditions required for equilibrium, and the factors that affect corrosion resistance. It discusses the stability...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910049
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
...Abstract Abstract This chapter discusses the principles of corrosion of metals in aqueous environments. The thermodynamics of aqueous corrosion is the subject of the first half of this chapter, which addresses concepts such as corrosion reactions and free-energy change, the relationship between...
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Published: 01 December 2001
Fig. 10 Stress-corrosion cracking behavior of AZ31 in an aqueous solution of 3.5% NaCl + 2% K 2 CrO 4 . Source: Ref 12 More
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Published: 01 August 1999
Fig. 18 Corrosion of aluminum alloy 1100-H14 in aqueous reagent grade formic acid solutions. Source: Ref 61 More
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Published: 01 December 2015
Fig. 46 Accelerated aqueous chloride corrosion below inlet nozzle of crude tower overhead condenser due to droplet impingement. Note partial loss of carbon steel baffles and localized corrosion along top of admiralty metal (C44300) tubes. More
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ems.t53730129
EISBN: 978-1-62708-283-9
...Abstract Abstract This chapter discusses the formation and control of aqueous corrosion in iron and steel. It also provides information on passivation, stress corrosion, rust, and direct oxidation. aqueous corrosion corrosion control direct oxidation THE COST OF CORROSION...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910099
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... (including hydrogen embrittlement, hydrogen-induced blistering, high-temperature hydrogen attack, and hydride formation). All these forms are addressed in this chapter in the context of aqueous corrosion. For each form, a general description is provided along with information on the causes and the list...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... plants. The emphasis in this chapter, as well as in other chapters in this book, is on aqueous corrosion, or corrosion in environments where water is present. The chapter describes the classification of various forms of corrosion based on the nature of the corrodent, mechanism of corrosion...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cw.t51820125
EISBN: 978-1-62708-339-3
...Abstract Abstract Nickel-base alloys used for low-temperature aqueous corrosion are commonly referred to as corrosion-resistant alloys (CRAs), and nickel alloys used for high-temperature applications are known as heat-resistant alloys, high-temperature alloys, or superalloys. The emphasis...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fec.t65940001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-302-7
..., and how their formation can be a major factor in controlling corrosion. aqueous corrosion chemical reactions electrochemical corrosion Definition and Examples of Corrosion The deterioration of materials due to reactions with their environments is the currently accepted broad definition...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030209
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... of corrosive environments. The most common is an aqueous environment containing inorganic and organic acids. However, other aqueous corrosion processes in the refinery can also be due to the presence of oxygen, bisulfide, cyanide, microbiological growth, or other corrosion-inducing species. Nonaqueous...
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Published: 01 October 2011
Fig. 15.3 The basic process of corrosion. (a) Corrosion occurs at the anode, where positive ions (cations) from metal atoms, M, provide m electrons, e, that combine with cations, X x + , of the environment. (b) Solid products and corrosion products of iron in an aqueous environment. Source More
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Published: 01 January 2000
Fig. 4 Effect of acid concentration on the corrosion rate of iron completely immersed in aqueous solutions of three inorganic acids at room temperature. It should be noted that the scales for corrosion rate are not the same for all three charts. As discussed in text, the corrosion rate of iron More
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030215
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
..., it is advisable to remove all mill scale by sand or grit blasting before exposing plain carbon steels to corrosive environments. Pitting Aqueous solutions of chlorides, particularly oxidizing acid salts such as ferric and cupric chlorides, will cause pitting of a number of ferrous and nonferrous metals...
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Published: 01 August 1999
Fig. 34 The varied effects of loading frequency on corrosion fatigue crack (CFC) propagation rate in peak aged 7075, 7017, 7475, and 7079 exposed to aqueous chloride solution (free corrosion) at constant Δ K and R . The fatigue crack is parallel to the plate rolling plane in the SCC sensitive S More
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910021
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... the important characteristics of metals with respect to corrosion, namely the metallurgical characteristics, the inherent tendency to corrode, and the tendency to form insoluble corrosion products. The important characteristics of aqueous solutions with respect to corrosion are then addressed...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030292
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
..., pumps, and valves; and reboiler tubes. In many aqueous refinery environments, susceptibility of stainless steels (and nickel-base alloys) to corrosion and localized attack (e.g., pitting, crevice corrosion, and SCC) has been found to be related to the pitting resistance equivalent number (PREN...
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Published: 01 June 2007
indicates when 50% of specimens showed first sign of corrosion in 5% aqueous NaCl. Source: Ref 28 . Reprinted with permission from MPIF, Metal Powder Industries Federation, Princeton, NJ More
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Published: 01 December 2015
Fig. 7 Corrosion-resistant alloy selection for production environments containing aqueous CO 2 and H 2 S More