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aqueous corrosion

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.uhcf3.t53630211
EISBN: 978-1-62708-270-9
... corrosion, microbiologically influenced corrosion, stress-corrosion cracking, and corrosion fatigue. aqueous corrosion corrosion fatigue crevice corrosion galvanic corrosion microbiologically influenced corrosion pitting corrosion stress-corrosion cracking uniform corrosion CORROSION...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230459
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
... Abstract This chapter covers the corrosion behavior of beryllium in aqueous environments. It describes the chemical reactions that drive the corrosion process, the conditions required for equilibrium, and the factors that affect corrosion resistance. It discusses the stability of the native...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910049
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... Abstract This chapter discusses the principles of corrosion of metals in aqueous environments. The thermodynamics of aqueous corrosion is the subject of the first half of this chapter, which addresses concepts such as corrosion reactions and free-energy change, the relationship between free...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ems.t53730129
EISBN: 978-1-62708-283-9
... Abstract This chapter discusses the formation and control of aqueous corrosion in iron and steel. It also provides information on passivation, stress corrosion, rust, and direct oxidation. aqueous corrosion corrosion control direct oxidation THE COST OF CORROSION in the United...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910099
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... hydrogen embrittlement, hydrogen-induced blistering, high-temperature hydrogen attack, and hydride formation). All these forms are addressed in this chapter in the context of aqueous corrosion. For each form, a general description is provided along with information on the causes and the list of metals...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
.... The emphasis in this chapter, as well as in other chapters in this book, is on aqueous corrosion, or corrosion in environments where water is present. The chapter describes the classification of various forms of corrosion based on the nature of the corrodent, mechanism of corrosion, and appearance...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cw.t51820125
EISBN: 978-1-62708-339-3
... Abstract Nickel-base alloys used for low-temperature aqueous corrosion are commonly referred to as corrosion-resistant alloys (CRAs), and nickel alloys used for high-temperature applications are known as heat-resistant alloys, high-temperature alloys, or superalloys. The emphasis...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fec.t65940001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-302-7
... their formation can be a major factor in controlling corrosion. aqueous corrosion chemical reactions electrochemical corrosion The deterioration of materials due to reactions with their environments is the currently accepted broad definition of corrosion. From...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910021
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... the important characteristics of metals with respect to corrosion, namely the metallurgical characteristics, the inherent tendency to corrode, and the tendency to form insoluble corrosion products. The important characteristics of aqueous solutions with respect to corrosion are then addressed...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090043
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... Abstract This chapter addresses the issue of stress-corrosion cracking (SCC) in carbon and low-alloy steels. It discusses crack initiation, propagation, and fracture in aqueous chloride, hydrogen sulfide, sulfuric acid, hydroxide, ammonia, nitrate, ethanol, methanol, and hydrogen gas...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090303
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
..., and strain rate affect the SCC behavior of zirconium and its alloys. It describes environments known to induce SCC, including aqueous solutions, organic liquids, hot and fused salts, and liquid metals. It also discusses cracking mechanisms and SCC prevention and control techniques. stress-corrosion...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310027
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... aqueous environments. stainless steel uniform corrosion atmospheric corrosion localized corrosion pitting corrosion crevice corrosion grain boundary corrosion stress corrosion cracking hydrogen embrittlement biocorrosion microbiologically induced corrosion References...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030082
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... Abstract This chapter discusses the effects of metallurgical variables on dealloying corrosion. It begins by describing the processes involved in dealloying of metal alloys in aqueous environments. This is followed by a discussion on the morphology of porous dealloyed structures below and above...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030126
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
...-established experimental evidence and observations of stress corrosion, while the discussions on mechanisms describe the physical process involved in crack initiation and propagation. Several parameters that are known to influence the rate of crack growth in aqueous solutions are presented, along...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030209
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... • Schutt H.U. and Rhodes P.R. , “ Corrosion in the Aqueous Hydrogen Sulfide, Ammonia, Oxygen System ,” Paper 331, presented at Corrosion/95 , NACE International, 1995 • Tebbal S. , Kane R.D. , and Yamada K. , Assessment of the Corrosivity of Crude Fractions from Varying...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fec.t65940451
EISBN: 978-1-62708-302-7
... Abstract This appendix is a comprehensive collection of selected sources related to corrosion properties of materials and corrosion testing. corrosion properties corrosion testing Corrosion Properties of Materials • Corrosion , Vol 13 , Metals Handbook , 9th ed. , ASM...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030292
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... stainless steels, such as type 304 (S30400) or type 316 (S31600), have excellent corrosion resistance but, as mentioned previously, are generally considered to be susceptible to SCC by chlorides at temperatures above 60 °C (140 °F). If sensitized, they are also subject to SCC in aqueous chloride...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030215
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... Compounds on Aqueous Corrosion , Process Industries Corrosion , National Association of Corrosion Engineers , 1986 , p 353 – 365 80. Wang M.T. et al. , Effect of Heat Treatment and Stress Intensity Parameters on Crack Velocity and Fractography of AISI 4340 Steel , Hydrogen in Metals...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cw.t51820177
EISBN: 978-1-62708-339-3
... be classified into two types of corrosion: Low-temperature (aqueous) corrosion occurring below approximately 260 °C (500 °F) in the presence of water High-temperature (nonaqueous) corrosion occurring above approximately 205 °C (400 °F) in the presence of liquid or gaseous hydrocarbons...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910237
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... range from 0.5 to 1%. Such steels are used extensively in higher-temperature applications—for example, boiler tubes in electric power plants. The resistance of chromium-molybdenum steels to high-temperature hydrogen damage is often more important than aqueous corrosion resistance. Prevention of high...