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annealing

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310127
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
... Abstract This chapter describes the general characteristics of major types of steel annealing, including the process of normalization, which is a process that refines or normalizes the microstructure of steel. The first part of the chapter begins with an overview of the three-stage process...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410277
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
.... The chapter concludes with a brief discussion on the mechanical properties of ferrite/pearlite microstructures in medium-carbon steels. annealing ferrite normalizing pearlite spherical carbides spheroidizing THIS CHAPTER DESCRIBES heat treatments that are designed to produce uniformity...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtpclas.t64560235
EISBN: 978-1-62708-353-9
... Abstract This chapter describes the heat treatments called annealing and normalizing for steels and examines the structures formed and the reasons for these treatments. It also provides a description of the special heat treatments, namely, martempering and austempering. Information...
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Published: 01 January 2015
Fig. 12.7 Comparison of (a) box or batch annealing and (c) continuous annealing relative to (b) the low-carbon side of the Fe-Fe 3 C equilibrium diagram. Source: Ref 12.13 More
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Published: 01 October 2011
Fig. 14.1 Stages of annealing. (a) Effect of annealing time at fixed temperature (400 °C, or 750 °F) on hardness of a Cu-5Zn solid-solution alloy cold worked 60%. (b) Effect of annealing temperature at fixed time (15 min) on hardness of a Cu-5Zn solid-solution alloy cold worked 60%. Source More
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Published: 01 December 1996
Fig. 8-9 Effect of annealing time on the annealing curves of a Cu-5% Zn alloy. (From same source as Fig. 8-3a ) More
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmcs.t66560125
EISBN: 978-1-62708-291-4
... Abstract This chapter examines the microstructure and properties of annealed and normalized steels containing more than 0.25% carbon. It shows, using detailed micrographs, how incrementally higher levels of carbon affect the structure and distribution of pearlite and how it intermingles...
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Published: 30 June 2023
Fig. 6.13 Coil annealing furnaces for aluminum. Courtesy of Seco/Warwick More
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Published: 30 November 2023
Fig. 5.30 Stress-relieving cycles (A), annealing cycles (B), and normalizing cycles (C, D). Source: Ref 13 More
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Published: 01 June 2008
Fig. 29.8 Microstructure of Hastelloy B. (a) As-cast structure. (b) After annealing. Source: Ref 5 More
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Published: 01 December 2018
Fig. 3.26 Temperature range for full annealing. Source: Ref 3.15 More
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Published: 01 December 2018
Fig. 3.27 Temperature range for process annealing. Source: Ref 3.15 More
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Published: 01 March 2002
Fig. 3.14 Iron-carbon equilibrium diagram showing region (shaded) of annealing temperatures More
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Published: 01 August 1999
Fig. 4.8 (Part 1) Critical grain growth during subcritical annealing of low-carbon steel. Rimming grade. 0.09C-0.005Si-0.43Mn (wt%). Annealed 2 h at 650 °C after tensile elongation of: (a) 2%, (b) 5%, (c) 8%, (d) 15%, (e) 20%, and (f) 30%. All etched in 3% nital. 100×. Figure 4.7 More
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Published: 01 August 1999
Fig. 4.8 (Part 2) Critical grain growth during subcritical annealing of low-carbon steel. Rimming grade. 0.09C-0.005Si-0.43Mn (wt%). Annealed 2 h at 650 °C after tensile elongation of: (a) 2%, (b) 5%, (c) 8%, (d) 15%, (e) 20% and (f) 30%. All etched in 3% nital. 100×. Figure 4.7 More
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Published: 01 August 1999
Fig. 5.5 (Part 1) Effect of annealing on semikilled fracture-tough 0.15% C plate (0.17C-0.09Si-1.02Mn, wt%). All at 100×. This material is shown in the as-rolled condition in Fig. 5.4(a) and (b) . (a) Austenitized at 875 °C; cooled at 100 °C/h (annealed). 110 HV. 1% nital. (b More
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Published: 01 August 1999
Fig. 5.6 (Part 1) Effect of annealing on fully killed fracture-tough 0.1%C-0.1%Mn plate (0.10C-0.25Si-1.08Mn, wt%). This material is shown in the as-rolled condition in Fig. 5.4(c) and (d) . (a) Austenitized at 875 °C; cooled at 100 °C/h (annealed). 120 HV. Picral. 100×. (b More
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Published: 01 January 2015
Fig. 12.4 Recrystallization from annealing. (a) Microstructure of a 0.003% C steel cold rolled 60%. (b) Microstructure of the cold-rolled steel after annealing at 540 °C (1000 °F) for 2 h. About 80% of the cold-worked microstructure has recrystallized to fine equiaxed ferrite grains. Light More
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Published: 01 January 2015
Fig. 13.2 Schematic time-temperature cycles for full annealing and normalizing superimposed on austenite transformation ranges to ferrite and pearlite. Courtesy of M.D. Geib, Colorado School of Mines More
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Published: 01 August 2013
Fig. 2.29 Evolution of grain structure in cold rolling and annealing. Source: Ref 2.1 More