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analytical method

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230107
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
.... colorimetric methods fluorometric methods gravimetric methods polarographic methods radiometric methods spectrometric methods volumetric methods BERYLLIUM belongs to the ammonium hydroxide analytical group. Beryllium is completely precipitated by ammonia, along with iron, aluminum, and chromium...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sfa.t52780093
EISBN: 978-1-62708-268-6
... sophisticated computer modeling techniques (such as NASTRAN). In many cases, however, analytical methods may not be as conclusive as the test approaches outlined previously. If the component fractured in a manner indicating a fatigue failure, the part can be tested for its resistance to fatigue loading...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 February 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.chffa.t51040185
EISBN: 978-1-62708-300-3
... and are not sufficiently general to predict forging load for a variety of parts and materials. Analytical methods: A forging is viewed as being composed of several unit components. Forces and stresses are calculated for every unit and then added together to calculate the total forging load and stresses. The slab method...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780359
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
..., thermogravimetric analysis, thermomechanical analysis, and dynamic mechanical analysis. The article also discusses various analytical methods used to characterize the molecular weight distribution of a polymeric material. It provides information on a wide range of mechanical tests that are available to evaluate...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110447
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... Abstract There are several analytical methods available that can be used in-line on whole wafers as well as off-line on de-processed products that are returned from the field. These techniques are surface analytical techniques that can be used to characterize the bulk of the material. The main...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 February 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.chffa.t51040091
EISBN: 978-1-62708-300-3
... Abstract There are numerous approximate methods, both analytical and numerical, for analyzing forging processes. None are perfect because of the assumptions made to simplify the mathematical approach, but all have merit. This chapter discusses the slab, upperbound, and finite element methods...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.caaa.t67870191
EISBN: 978-1-62708-299-0
... Abstract This chapter discusses corrosion prevention methods used with aluminum and its alloys. The methods range from relatively straightforward measures, such as proper handling and storage, to advanced early warning corrosion monitoring systems for military aircraft. The chapter summarizes...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870351
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
... analysis. composites fracture toughness testing peel testing shear testing specimen preparation tension testing WHEN HIGH-STRENGTH composites were first developed in the 1960s, the same test methods for homogeneous and isotropic metals were initially used; however, since composite materials...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780343
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... of information that can be obtained when using a particular analytical technique. Table 2 Practical information derived from polymer analysis methods Test method Property Practical information provided Gel permeation chromatography (GPC) Weight-average molecular weight, M ¯ w...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mmfi.t69540383
EISBN: 978-1-62708-309-6
... Abstract Fatigue life analysis and crack growth life prediction require an accurate interpretation of the load spectrum. This appendix presents two methods for interpreting load spectra and provides several data plots and tables comparing fatigue test data with analytically predicted values...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110563
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... of surfaces and their effects on motion. Nothing moves in CMOS, but MEMS are made to move. Nevertheless, MEMS are integrated with semiconductor circuits, so MEMS FA often involves semiconductor FA. When faced with new failure mechanisms, new analytical tools may be necessary, or a tweak of an old method...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pdub.t53420239
EISBN: 978-1-62708-310-2
... diagrams. Accurate chemical analysis is of extreme importance in the determination of phase diagrams. Wherever possible, it is best to put this part of the work in the hands of a skilled analytical chemist. Regardless of the analytical method or the skill with which it is employed, the result can...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130087
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
... features, such as beach marks, ratchet marks, and chevrons. This is a much more powerful method of visual examination than simply interpreting surface texture features. With practice, one can look at a broken component and obtain a realistic idea of what loading conditions actually caused the fracture...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910427
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... of records and procedures using multiple test methods and analytical procedures. To assist in the materials evaluation and selection process, corrosion tests are often conducted on candidate materials that are selected based on available data. Corrosion data that are specific to the application...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mmfi.t69540379
EISBN: 978-1-62708-309-6
... of notched and cracked structures is still quite difficult, because accurate methods of combining these two concepts have not been developed. Socie et al. ( Ref A3.1 , A3.2 ) have proposed an analytical model for combining the damage rate due to crack initiation mechanisms (from low-cycle fatigue...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 February 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.chffa.t51040295
EISBN: 978-1-62708-300-3
... Abstract This chapter addresses the issue of die failures in hot and cold forging operations. It describes failure classifications, fatigue fracture and wear mechanisms, analytical wear models, and the various factors that limit die life. It also includes several case studies in which finite...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110434
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... Abstract This article provides an overview of the most common micro-analytical technique in the failure analysis laboratory: energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS). It discusses the general characteristics, advantages, and disadvantages of some of the X-ray detectors attached...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780383
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... analytical methods for chemical characterization of surfaces are shown in Table 1 . The techniques to be applied to a particular failure depend on the type and size of the sample, the depth of analysis, the type of information sought, the ease of performing the analysis, the allowable destruction...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110461
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
..., and analytical techniques for composition analysis are discussed. The article also provides information on the use of off-axis electron holography technique in failure analysis. electron energy loss spectroscopy energy dispersive spectroscopy energy-filtered transmission electron microscopy failure...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mmfi.t69540391
EISBN: 978-1-62708-309-6
... Abstract Stress severity factors are used in design and analysis to account for stress concentrations, variations in material properties and fabrication quality, and other analytical uncertainties. They indicate the severity of stress in areas that are prone to crack development. This appendix...