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analytical equipment

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Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sfa.t52780093
EISBN: 978-1-62708-268-6
... and environmental approaches, and chemical and composition analysis for assessing material characteristics. This chapter is a detailed account of the working principle and the steps involved in these techniques and technologies. analytical equipment chemical analysis composition analysis dimensional...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110262
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... FA FA Equipment Integration Throughout the lifespan of microelectronics failure analysis, a wide variety of analytical equipment and techniques have been innovated in efforts to ensure effective FA. A strong link between CAD and FA equipment has played a vital role in advancing FA...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sch6.t68200220
EISBN: 978-1-62708-354-6
... with which the results are needed. A variety of spectrometers and other analytical equipment is available for use in the steel casting industry. Hydrogen and nitrogen levels are also of interest to some manufacturers and are monitored for some cast steel grades ( Figure 17-13 ). Fig. 17-13 Nitrogen...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230107
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
.... colorimetric methods fluorometric methods gravimetric methods polarographic methods radiometric methods spectrometric methods volumetric methods BERYLLIUM belongs to the ammonium hydroxide analytical group. Beryllium is completely precipitated by ammonia, along with iron, aluminum, and chromium...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910475
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... analytical chemistry Gravimetric/volumetric/ colorimetric/electrochemical/ atomic absorption techniques Quantitative chemical composition Relatively simple techniques and equipment requirements. Suitable for solid or liquid samples. Detection limits from 0.001 to 100%. Accuracy ±1% of detected level...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230513
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
... such as ventilation, containment, personnel protective equipment, and personnel practices such as elimination of food and tobacco products from work areas. 29.1.1 Regulatory Requirements The regulatory requirement for management of the beryllium hazard was initially defined by the Atomic Energy Commission...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ffub.t53610001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-303-4
... components and equipment, structural designers, manufacturers, and users do not want a repeat of history. The consequences and costs of fractured, cracked, corroded, and malfunctioned equipment are unwanted, dangerous, and expensive. Through the years, history has demonstrated that failures occur. History...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910427
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... of the materials evaluation. The staff, equipment, and facility requirements for those test procedures can then be determined. A decision can be made as to whether to conduct in-house corrosion tests or to contract them to others. Often, dedicated and specialized corrosion test equipment or analytical facilities...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780383
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... ANALYTICAL TECHNIQUES are available for the study and characterization of surfaces. These techniques provide data about the physical topography, physical properties, chemical composition, and chemical structure of the surfaces under study. Most of these techniques are based on bombarding the surface...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mgppis.t60400149
EISBN: 978-1-62708-258-7
... equipment. This chapter describes how these instruments can be used to gather important information about a microstructure. The instruments covered include image analyzers, transmission electron microscopes, scanning electron microscopes, electron probe microanalyzers, scanning transmission electron...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sfa.t52780067
EISBN: 978-1-62708-268-6
... analysis Analytical equipment Mechanical and electronic component failures Leaks Contamination Design analysis Statistical considerations Design of experiments After discussing the aforementioned topics, the last two steps in the four-step problem-solving process are addressed...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 February 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.chffa.t51040001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-300-3
... require (a) analytical knowledge regarding metal flow, stresses, and heat transfer as well as (b) technological information related to lubrication, heating, and cooling techniques; material handling; die design and manufacture; and forming equipment. A considerable amount of information on the general...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sch6.t68200187
EISBN: 978-1-62708-354-6
... which are straight lines over only a very small analysis range. Points which lie outside the best fit curve should be rechecked for analysis. Interference from one element to another is common, and correction factors may be needed to ensure the best analysis. Modern analytical equipment has built...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110032
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... constraints, cycle time experience and requirements, and the tool set. The cost of operation can be divided into the costs of people and equipment to provide basic tool coverage and analytical support (fixed costs) and the costs driven by the quantity of work to be done and/or the cycle time (variable cost...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110062
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... Abstract X-ray imaging systems have long played a critical role in failure analysis laboratories. This article begins by listing several favorable traits that make X-rays uniquely well suited for non-destructive evaluation and testing. It then provides information on X-ray equipment and X-ray...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pdub.t53420239
EISBN: 978-1-62708-310-2
... of its content. Few, if any, diagrams may be considered complete and final. Repeated investigations, with refinements in apparatus and techniques, lead to their frequent revision. The development of new analytical techniques leads to ever more precise measurements that allow continual refinement of phase...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htgpge.t67320189
EISBN: 978-1-62708-347-8
.... , “Capacity Limits of the Largest Pairs of Carburized Gears to be Produced with Available Equipment,” ASME Paper 84-DET-84 , American Society of Mechanical Engineers , 1984 • Hildenwall B. and Ericsson T. , Hardenability Concepts with Application to Steel , The Metallurgical Society...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hss.t52790193
EISBN: 978-1-62708-356-0
...-handling equipment, major appliances, medical equipment, and industrial equipment. Stainless is also featured in many architectural designs and monuments. Many of the most important applications of stainless steel can be found in the transportation industry, where both the cutlery martensitic...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110673
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... analyst also faces more complex equipment sets. In addition to the curve tracer, optical microscope and decapsulation tools, the analyst must be familiar with a variety of electrical testing hardware, endless electrical fixture configurations, x-ray and acoustic microscopy, electron beam tools, optical...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110335
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... Liquid Metal Ion Source (LMIS) FIB The liquid metal ion source has been widely utilized since the 1980s for mask repair, microelectronics failure analysis, and circuit edit [1] . The gallium focused ion beam (FIB) is the most commonly equipped LMIS in commercial microscopes. The tunability...