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aluminum cans

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Published: 30 June 2023
Collection and closed-loop recycling of aluminum cans is a model for sustainable packaging. However, recycling rates vary dramatically among different countries and municipalities More
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Published: 30 June 2023
Fig. 20.4 Coors promotion for aluminum can, 1970s More
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Published: 01 August 2013
Fig. 6.7 Relative uses of aluminum. Packaging includes beverage cans. Trans-portation includes cars, trucks, and aircraft. More
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Published: 30 June 2023
Fig. 15.1 Array of aluminum packaging forms of foil, semirigid containers, cans, and impact extrusions More
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Published: 30 June 2023
Fig. 15.15 Examples of aluminum food cans More
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Published: 30 June 2023
Fig. 15.21 Examples of aluminum bottle cans More
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 June 2023
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.atia.t59340453
EISBN: 978-1-62708-427-7
... impurity limits lightweighting waste management Collection and closed-loop recycling of aluminum cans is a model for sustainable packaging. However, recycling rates vary dramatically among different countries and municipalities WHAT IS THE ROLE OF MATERIALS in today’s changing global...
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Published: 30 June 2023
Fig. 15.6 General features of an aluminum beverage can with stay-on-tab lid More
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Published: 30 June 2023
mm. Excluded from the scope of the investigation is aluminum can and auto body aluminum stock. Source: The Aluminum Association More
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 June 2023
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.atia.t59340339
EISBN: 978-1-62708-427-7
... Abstract This chapter describes how aluminum sheet and foil alloys are processed to produce functional, economical packages that meet the various industry performance criteria. The focus is on the key customer requirements for three main application segments: foil, cans, and impact extrusions...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ems.t53730149
EISBN: 978-1-62708-283-9
... melting. Therefore, old scrap must be used to produce alloys with less critical compositions. A substantial amount of aluminum is recycled. It was estimated that in 1998, 40% of the world’s aluminum was produced by recycling. Aluminum scrap is shredded, and any lacquer is removed from cans before...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.caaa.t67870001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-299-0
... Abstract Aluminum is the second most widely used metal in the world. It is readily available, offers a wide range of properties, and can be shaped, coated, and joined using a variety of methods. This chapter discusses some of the key attributes of wrought and cast aluminum alloys...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 June 2023
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.atia.t59340395
EISBN: 978-1-62708-427-7
.... Aluminum cookware is available with several different coatings: Plain aluminum : Non-anodized, uncoated aluminum can be used for cooking, but the reaction of the aluminum surface with acidic foods can result in a corrosive attack. Foods stick aggressively to the uncoated aluminum surface. Plain...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.caaa.t67870045
EISBN: 978-1-62708-299-0
... discontinuities in the oxide film on aluminum exposed to atmosphere, fresh or salt water, or other neutral electrolytes. Since, in highly acidic or alkaline solutions, the oxide film is usually unstable, pitting occurs only in a pH range of about 4.5 to 9.0. The pits can be minute and concentrated, or they can...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030003
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
..., and noncatalytic. However, commercial aluminum alloys contain alloying elements, impurity elements, precipitated phases and intermetallic constituent particles. The precipitated phases and intermetallic particles can be anodic or cathodic relative to the matrix or can switch between the two with time as a result...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.caaa.t67870075
EISBN: 978-1-62708-299-0
... assembly Fig. 2 Galvanic corrosion of aluminum shielding in buried telephone cable coupled to buried copper plates Fig. 3 Galvanic corrosion of aluminum in buried power cable splice (copper to aluminum) For each environment, a galvanic series can be constructed in which metals...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 June 2023
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.atia.t59340325
EISBN: 978-1-62708-427-7
... benefit from the weight savings, corrosion resistance, and weldability of aluminum products. Welding is particularly important for aluminum boats and ships; a watertight structure that can be repaired when needed is critical. Saving weight above deck is particularly desirable to help keep the center...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 June 2023
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.atia.t59340019
EISBN: 978-1-62708-427-7
... to the cell, and the Al +3 ions in the cryolite add electrons to form aluminum metal at the cathode. Figure 2.5 provides a simplified schematic of the process. A more detailed accounting of the chemical reactions can be found in Ref 2.4 and 2.5 . Fig. 2.5 Aluminum reduction process. (a) Schematic...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030070
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... of aluminum can be classified into two categories. In the first category are effects from insoluble, intermetallic constituent particles. These can be formed from trace impurity elements, most notably iron, and/or from purposely added alloying elements such as Al-Cu-Mg constituents in 2 xxx alloys...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 June 2023
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.atia.t59340179
EISBN: 978-1-62708-427-7
.... Similarly, the casting of aluminum offers the ability to produce complex shapes and geometries but with additional requirements/costs to achieve good ductility for applications requiring crash worthiness ( Chapter 5, “Aluminum Shape Casting” in this book). The selection process can be viewed as a puzzle...