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aluminum alloys

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310351
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
... of the common nonferrous alloys that can be hardened through heat treatment. The nonferrous alloys covered include aluminum alloys, cobalt alloys, copper alloys, magnesium alloys, nickel alloys, and titanium alloys. age hardening aluminum alloys cobalt alloys copper alloys heat treatment...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
... polishing of pure tin can cause twinning and recrystallization ( Fig. 14 ). The inherent grain size of a metals or alloy is determined by manufacturing process such as casting or metalworking. During steelmaking, for example, grain size is established during the deoxidation of the molten metal. Aluminum...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310095
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
.... By the AISI-SAE classification, a steel is considered to be a carbon steel when: No minimum content is specified or required for aluminum, boron, chromium, cobalt, niobium, molybdenum, nickel, titanium, tungsten, vanadium, zirconium, or any other element added to obtain a desired alloying...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310203
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
... 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005791 15. Atlas of Isothermal Transformation and Cooling Transformation Diagrams , American Society for Metals , 1977 As a recap from Chapter 5 , carbon steels are defined as steels where: No minimum content is specified or required for aluminum, boron...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310079
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
... is obtained only in fully deoxidized (aluminum-killed) steels. The effects of boron on hardenability are unique in several respects: A very small amount of boron (approximately 0.001%) has a powerful effect on hardenability. The effect of boron on hardenability is much less in high-carbon...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310285
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
... dies are used at lower hardnesses, typically approximately 40 to 60 HRC. Some examples are molds for glass and plastic parts; dies for aluminum casting; extrusion, wire drawing, and forging dies; and bending and roll forming tools. Some molds, dies, and metalforming tools come into contact with red...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310029
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
... growth by means of solute drag or precipitate pinning effects. The pinning precipitates in many steels are aluminum nitrides (AlN), which provide effective grain refinement at low temperatures in the austenite phase field during heat treatments such as normalizing and carburizing. Aluminum is added to...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310331
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
... improve wear resistance, fatigue strength, and resistance to galling and seizing. Nitriding can be done on special cast irons containing both chromium and aluminum. Except for alloyed irons of this type, nitriding is not applied to ordinary gray irons. Another application is to reduce flaking problems...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310233
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
... sulfur. Except for chromium, any of them may be restricted to a very low level or to a specific range for a specific alloy. Additional elements that may be intentionally added include aluminum, copper, molybdenum, niobium, titanium, tungsten, and, in some cases, rare earth elements such as cerium...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310127
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
... to be annealed, accuracy of the temperature controls, time available for the process, and end quality required. In many cases, the purpose of an annealing method is specific to a given type of alloy. For example, the types of heat treatable aluminum alloys use solution annealing (followed by...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.9781627083263
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310055
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
... slow oil quenchants. If correctly controlled, fluidized bed quenching can replace high-pressure gas quenching in a vacuum furnace. It can be used for many grades of tool and alloy steels and is also used to accelerate cooling after tempering or to heat treat aluminum alloys. Several factors are...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310163
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
... the Mechanical Properties of Low Alloy Steel Products , Hardenability Concepts with Applications to Steel , Doane D.V. and Kirkaldy J.S. , Ed., Metallurgical Society of AIME , 1978 , p 518 – 545 6. Totten G.E. , Dossett J.L. and Kobasko N.I. , Quenching of...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 May 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hma.t59250107
EISBN: 978-1-62708-287-7
... aluminum production process integrated by Aluminum Company of America (Alcoa) and the numerous technical problems and solutions related to Alcoa's research from World War I to World War II. The aerospace applications for aluminum alloys are also presented. The chapter concludes with a section on aluminum...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090241
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... Abstract Aluminum is protected by a barrier oxide film that, if damaged, reforms immediately in most environments. Despite this inherent corrosion resistance, there are conditions where aluminum alloys, like many materials, are subject to the effects of stress-corrosion cracking (SCC). This...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030070
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... Abstract This chapter describes the effects of metallurgical variables on the corrosion of aluminum alloys. Emphasis is placed on the effect of constituent particles on pitting corrosion of aluminum. corrosion aluminum alloys aluminum THE METALLURGICAL EFFECTS on corrosion of...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030169
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... Abstract This chapter addresses the general effects of composition, mechanical treatment, surface treatment, processing, and fabrication operations on the corrosion resistance of aluminum and its alloys. Different types of surface treatments covered include claddings, anodizing, and conversion...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090419
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... low-alloy steels, hardenable stainless steels, austenitic stainless steels, copper-base alloys, titanium and titanium alloys, aluminum and aluminum alloys, and nickel and nickel alloys. It identifies material-environment combinations where SCC is known to occur, provides guidelines on how to...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090257
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... density of iron and two-thirds that of aluminum. Because of this low density, both cast and wrought magnesium alloys have been developed and used for a wide variety of structural applications in which low weight is important, if not a requirement. The magnesium industry grew rapidly during the period...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090221
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... Concentration on the Stress Corrosion Cracking Susceptibility of an Aged Cu-4%Ti Alloy , Corros. Sci. , Vol 18 ( No. 4 ), 1978 , p 323 10.1016/S0010-938X(78)80047-X 7.25 Torchio S. , The Influence of Arsenic and Phosphorus on the Stress Corrosion Cracking of Aluminum Brass in Chloride-Citrate...