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alpha tin

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170417
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... Zirconium 2–5 α- and β-strengthener Silicon 0.05–0.5 Improves creep resistance Alpha Stabilizers Beta Stabilizers Aluminum Tin Zirconium Molybdenum Niobium Silicon Alloying Elements to Improve Corrosion Resistance Table 2 lists some commercial and semicommercial...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpmpa.t54480051
EISBN: 978-1-62708-318-8
.... Near-alpha alloys were developed for good high-temperature performance. Alloys used in jet-engine compressor components, including discs, blades, vanes, cases, and so on, generally contain 5 to 8% Al, some zirconium and tin, and some beta stabilizer (molybdenum, vanadium, niobium), plus silicon...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ttg2.t61120013
EISBN: 978-1-62708-269-3
..., chromium, cobalt, nickel, copper, and silicon. Two other elements that often are alloyed in titanium are tin and zirconium. These elements have extensive solid solubilities in alpha and beta phases. Although they do not strongly promote phase stability, they retard the rates of transformation...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130541
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
... 4.2–5.5 Unalloyed or low-alloy titanium 7.7–10 4.3–5.7 Alpha beta titanium 4.0–14 2.2–7.8 Molybdenum alloys 8.8–9.1 4.9–5.1 Pure Platinum (Pt) 7.6–11 4.2–5.9 Alpha and neat alpha titanium 9.3–9.6 5.2–5.3 High-chromium gray cast iron 9.3–9.9 5.2–5.5 Ductile high-chromium...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpmpa.t54480141
EISBN: 978-1-62708-318-8
...: alpha (α), alpha-beta (α-β), and beta (β). Alloy Classification Alloy additions—except tin and zirconium, as subsequently noted—stabilize either the alpha or the beta phase. Elements that preferentially dissolve in the alpha phase tend to stabilize this phase and are known as alpha stabilizers...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1984
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mpp.t67850165
EISBN: 978-1-62708-260-0
... questionable. Cold working has been found to render an area more anodic. Kehl and Metlay made potential measurements of the alpha and beta phases in an alloy of 60% Cu and 40% Zn (Muntz metal) using nine different etchants [ 1 ]. A difference of 0.01 to 0.03 V was consistently observed between the alpha...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240075
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
.... The major eutectic systems include the aluminum-silicon eutectic system and the lead-tin eutectic system. The chapter discusses the construction of eutectic phase diagrams from free energy curves. It also provides information on peritectic, monotectic, and solid-state reactions in alloy systems...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240527
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... raise nor lower the beta transus temperature. Tin has extensive solid solubility in both the alpha and beta phases and is often used as a solid-solution strengthener in conjunction with aluminum to achieve higher strength without embrittlement. Zirconium forms a continuous solid solution with titanium...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpmpa.t54480113
EISBN: 978-1-62708-318-8
... alpha alloys contain small amounts (1 to 2%) of beta stabilizers and are more accurately called alpha-beta-lean alloys. For simplicity, here they are classified as alpha alloys. Aluminum, tin, and zirconium enhance the creep strength of the alpha phase ( Table 6.4 ). Alloys of this type are Ti-5Al...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ttg2.t61120095
EISBN: 978-1-62708-269-3
... of some alpha-beta titanium alloys Table 12.23 Low-temperature ductility of some alpha-beta titanium alloys Composition Condition (a) Elongation (b) Ti-8Al-1Mo-1V 8 h at 790 °C (1450 °F) + FC + 15 min at 790 °C (1450 °F) + AC 1.2% at 20 K Ti-6Al-3Nb-2Zr 1 h at 800 °C (1470 °F...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpmpa.t54480075
EISBN: 978-1-62708-318-8
... to be hexagonal. Isothermal omega has a composition intermediate between alpha and beta. Alloying additions such as aluminum, tin, and zirconium reduce the amount of omega that can form. Aluminum and oxygen do so by promoting alpha phase formation, and tin and zirconium stabilize the beta phase. Conflicting data...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.9781627082846
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060333
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... and are heat treatable. 8 xxx Miscellaneous elements Work hardened and solid-solution strengthened 8 xx.x Tin Non-heat-treatable alloys with approximately 6% Sn (and small amounts of copper and nickel for strengthening). Used for cast bearings; tin imparts excellent lubricity Compositions...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ttg2.t61120123
EISBN: 978-1-62708-269-3
... corrosion. The role of aluminum has been related to the formation of the intermetallic phase, Ti 3 Al (also known as alpha-2). The more Ti 3 Al in the microstructure, the greater the SCC potential, particularly in the case of HSSCC. Additions of tin, manganese, and cobalt are detrimental to SCC, whereas...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170457
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
...Abstract Abstract This article discusses the composition, properties, and behaviors of copper and its alloys. It begins with an overview of the characteristics, applications, and commercial grades of wrought and cast copper. It then discusses the role of alloying, explaining how zinc, tin...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ttg2.9781627082693
EISBN: 978-1-62708-269-3
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmub.t53550223
EISBN: 978-1-62708-307-2
... Pseudo-binary titanium phase diagram. Source: Ref 5.3 Alpha and near-alpha alloys usually contain 5 to 6% Al as the main alloying element, with additions of the neutral elements tin and zirconium and some beta stabilizers. Because these alloys retain their strength at elevated temperatures...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310351
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
...-Pb Tin brasses C40400–C48600 Cu-Zn-Sn-Pb Phosphor bronzes C50100–C52480 Cu-Sn-P Leaded phosphor bronzes C53400–C54400 Cu-Sn-Pb-P Copper-phosphorus and Cu-Ag-P alloys (c) C55180–C55284 Cu-P-Ag Aluminum bronzes C60800–C64210 Cu-Al-Ni-Fe-Si-Sn Silicon bronzes C64700–C66100...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060013
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... and (b) twinning deformation mechanisms over a length, l , under shear stress, τ Fig. 2.20 Color micrograph from cold worked and annealed alpha brass (Cu-30Zn) with many annealing twins (some with arrows). Grains and twins are tinted various colors according to their crystallographic...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpmpa.t54480161
EISBN: 978-1-62708-318-8
... tungsten carbide particles prior to VAR melting, eliminated HDIs as a problem in turnings scrap. Large alpha-stabilized regions, called type II defects, are occasionally found in alloys containing aluminum and tin. Such defects are unique to titanium alloys and form in shrinkage pipes. They appear...