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alloy cast iron

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310331
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
... Abstract Cast irons, like steels, are iron-carbon alloys but with higher carbon levels than steels to take advantage of eutectic solidification in the binary iron-carbon system. Like steel, heat treatment of cast iron includes stress relieving, annealing, normalizing, through hardening, and...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240453
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... Abstract The properties of cast iron are determined primarily by the form of carbon they contain, which in turn, is controlled by modifying compositions and cooling rates during casting. Certain alloys (such as Si, Al, Ni, Co, and Cu) promote graphite formation, while others (such as S, V, Cr...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060247
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... special cast iron white cast iron CAST IRONS, like steels, are iron-carbon alloys. The difference is that cast irons typically possess higher carbon levels than steels, so that cast irons can take advantage of eutectic solidification in the binary iron-carbon system ( Fig. 10.1 ). The term eutectic...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smnm.t52140175
EISBN: 978-1-62708-264-8
... example, on cooling to 1100 °C (2010 °F) (open circle in Fig. 16.1 ) must lie in the two-phase region and consist of austenite +Fe 3 C. As with cast irons, this alloy cannot be converted to 100% austenite on heating to its melting point, 1148 °C (2100 °F). Fig. 16.1 Combined iron-graphite and Fe...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220583
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
... compacted graphite iron ductile cast iron gray cast iron malleable cast iron microstructure mottled cast iron white cast iron Cast irons are iron-based alloys with chemical compositions close to that of the eutectic point in the iron-carbon phase diagram (see Fig. 17.1 ). The classical...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mgppis.t60400001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-258-7
... Abstract This chapter introduces the metallographer to the various types of steels and cast irons and explains how they are classified and defined. Classification and designation details are provided for plain carbon steels, alloy steels, and gray, white, ductile, and malleable cast irons...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ascaam.t59190001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-296-9
... very effective refiner for aluminum-silicon cast alloys. However, in this alloy group, an additional restricting effect of some other components—for example, silicon, titanium, and iron—was noticed ( Ref 32 , 33 ). As was observed, the effective restriction of the primary grain growth takes place in...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300179
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
..., and adhesive and abrasive wear. alloy composition cast iron friction and wear properties microstructure tensile properties Selected References • Budinski K.G. and Budinski M.K. , Engineering Materials: Properties and Selection...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pht2.t51440207
EISBN: 978-1-62708-262-4
... the manufacturer, heat treating procedures described herein will be confined to the higher tonnage irons—gray and ductile. References 1 and 2 provide more complete information on all grades of cast irons including the compacted graphite and the special-purpose high-alloy grades. Essentially, cast...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ascaam.t59190035
EISBN: 978-1-62708-296-9
.... et al. , Precipitation of Iron-Rich Intermetallic Phases in Al-4.6Cu-0.5Fe-0.5Mn Cast Alloy , J. Mater. Sci. , Vol 47 , 2012 , p 4290 – 4298 10.1007/s10853-012-6279-4 28. Maitra T. and Gupta S.P. , Intermetallic Compound Formation in Fe-Al-Si Ternary System: Part II...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ems.t53730069
EISBN: 978-1-62708-283-9
... Abstract This chapter discusses ferrous metals, including low-carbon steels, stainless steels, and cast irons. It also provides information on hardening and hardenability and the tempering process. hardening tempering ferrous metals hardenability Jominy end-quench testing WHILE...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240153
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
.... Graphite is a more stable, carbon-rich phase than cementite. Graphite formation is promoted by a higher carbon content and the presence of large amounts of certain alloying additions, in particular silicon. Therefore, graphite is an important phase in cast irons but is rarely found in steels. Cementite is...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smnm.t52140009
EISBN: 978-1-62708-264-8
... more detail in Chapter 16, “Cast Irons.” In addition to carbon, all modern steels contain the element manganese (Mn) and low levels of the impurity atoms of sulfur (S) and phosphorus (P). Hence, steels can be thought of as alloys of three or more elements, given as Fe + C + X , where Fe and C...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170100
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... carbon. Although malleable iron has largely been replaced by ductile iron, the article explains that it is still sometimes preferred for thin-section castings that require maximum machinability and wear resistance. The article also discusses the annealing and alloying processes by which these properties...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aceg.t68410091
EISBN: 978-1-62708-280-8
... applications include chemical, dairy, and food handling equipment. Iron is an impurity that needs be controlled during the smelting process. Iron contamination increases as the alloys are re-melted and recycled. The needle-like Al- Fe intermetallics impair the tensile and fatigue impact properties, and...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240509
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... use of higher-purity magnesium alloys, as shown for a number of casting alloys in Fig. 27.3 , has led to corrosion resistance approaching that of some of the competing aluminum casting alloys. Fig. 27.1 Severely corroded magnesium part. Source: Ref 1 Fig. 27.2 Effect of iron on...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170107
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... and applications. abrasion resistance high-alloy white iron Composition Selected References • Metallurgy and Properties of High-Alloy White Irons , ASM Specialty Handbook: Cast Irons , Davis J.R. , Ed., ASM International , 1996 , p 107 – 127 • Foundry Practice...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080445
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
... Abstract This appendix is a collection of tables listing the chemical compositions of wrought ferritic steels; wrought stainless steels; cast corrosion- and heat-resistant alloys; wrought iron-, nickel-, and cobalt-base alloys; cast nickel- and cobalt-base alloys; oxide-dispersion-strengthened...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170062
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... , American Foundrymen’s Society , 1992 , p 66 – 109 2. “The Fatigue Life of Cast Surface of Malleable and Nodular Iron,” Bulletin 177, Metals Research and Development Foundation 3. Sponseller D.L. , Scholz W.G. , and Rundle D.F. , Development of Low-Alloy Ductile Irons for...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aacppa.t51140007
EISBN: 978-1-62708-335-5
... primarily to define differences in impurity limits. Accordingly, one of the most common gravity cast alloys, 356, has variations A356, B356, and C356; each of these alloys has identical major alloy contents, but has decreasing specification limits applicable to impurities, especially iron content...