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alkaline fuel cells

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tstap.t56040020
EISBN: 978-1-62708-428-4
... turbines. Other applications include fuel cells, photocatalytic and anti-microbial coatings, and biomaterials or biotechnology uses. These technologies are not sufficiently mature to meet industrial standards and customer needs. However, collaboration among researchers will provide understanding...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ems.t53730129
EISBN: 978-1-62708-283-9
...) and direct corrosion (attack in air). Corrosion in Water Solutions Aqueous corrosion always involves an electrolytic cell with a cathode and an anode ( Fig. 12.1 ). It is the opposite of electroplating. The anode is where ions go into solution M → M +n + ne − . The cathode is where electrons...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910407
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... rectifier arrangement shown in Fig. 4(b) . Remote locations can use solar cells ( Fig. 5 ), thermoelectric current sources, special fuel-driven electric generators, or even windmills. Fig. 5 Solar cells used to provide electricity for the cathodic protection of a buried pipeline Impressed...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910497
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... in both acid and alkaline environments. anaerobic. Free of air or uncombined oxygen. anion. A negatively charged ion that migrates through the electrolyte toward the anode under the influence of a potential gradient. See also cation and ion. anode. The electrode of an electrolyte cell at which oxidation...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.9781627082501
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910193
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
..., stones, and other foreign material in the backfill contact the pipe. Fig. 13 An oxygen concentration cell on steel in soil Soil Acidity Soil acidity can also influence underground corrosion. The acidity or alkalinity of most soils in the United States is stable because of the buffering...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230065
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
... while floating the undeslimed pulps at the original starting pH. For the collector, a fatty acid/fuel oil was used. Typically, 2 kg (4 lb) of sodium fluoride along with 1 to 2 kg (2 to 4 lb) of HMP were used per ton of ore. In a typical batch, 82% recovery with a BeO grade of 14 wt% was common when...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2023
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ciktmse.t56080001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-460-4
... surfaces in high-alkaline solution contaminated with Cl − . Batteries Using corrosion inhibitors to control self-corrosion of anodes in batteries and fuel cells is also prevalent. In this respect, the addition of inhibitors is expected to retard the parasitic hydrogen evolution of the cathodic...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430379
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... of controlling the water chemistry through water treatment programs are: To generate high-purity steam To minimize corrosion and scale formation To increase boiler efficiency and reduce plant downtime To save fuel, water, chemicals, and additives To increase the life of plant equipment...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030380
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
.... Atmospheric precipitation with a pH below 5.6 to 5.7. Burning of fossil fuels for heat and power is the major factor in the generation of oxides of nitrogen and sulfur, which are converted into nitric and sulfuric acids in atmospheric moisture (fogs and precipitation). See also atmospheric corrosion. acrylic...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.9781627082822
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2023
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ciktmse.9781627084604
EISBN: 978-1-62708-460-4
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mgppis.t60400215
EISBN: 978-1-62708-258-7
... A series of micrographs of a fully spheroidized Fe-0.4% C alloy showing different etching response. (a) 4% picral, (b) boiling alkaline sodium picrate, (c) 2% nital etch, (d) Marshall’s reagent, (e) Beraha’s reagent, and (f) 15% sodium metabisulfite tint etch. 500× Etching Response—to Reveal Carbides...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 June 2023
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.atia.t59340019
EISBN: 978-1-62708-427-7
... holding ponds ( Fig. 2.4 ). Red mud is not classified as hazardous waste but is considered toxic due to its high alkalinity and minute concentrations of potentially toxic elements. Red mud should not be introduced untreated into any natural waterways or lakes. Fig. 2.4 Red mud “lake” storage where...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.caaa.t67870045
EISBN: 978-1-62708-299-0
... near the mouth of the crevice. This is sometimes called a concentration cell or a differential aeration cell. Once the crevice attack has initiated, the anode area becomes acidic, and the cathode area becomes alkaline. These changes further enhance local cell action. The sites for this type...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030045
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... cover is built up. A scatter of individual barnacles on a stainless steel surface creates oxygen concentration cells. The portion of the metal surface covered by the barnacle shell is shielded from dissolved oxygen in the water and thus becomes the anode. The result is crevice corrosion under the base...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.9781627082532
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.caaa.t67870001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-299-0
... reliable, strong, and fracture-resistant parts for airframes, engines, and ultimately, for missile bodies, fuel cells, and satellite components. However, the aluminum industry growth was not limited to these developments. The first commercial applications of aluminum were novelty items such as mirror...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.caaa.t67870135
EISBN: 978-1-62708-299-0
... precipitation patterns and typical urban contaminants of SO x and NO x emitted by motor vehicle and home fuels. Industrial Atmosphere An industrial atmosphere is typically identified with heavy industrial manufacturing facilities. These atmospheres can contain concentrations of sulfur dioxide...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430204
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... of the pH of the water, the development of either alkaline or acidic conditions at the metal surface leads to corrosion. In other words, the corrosion of boiler tubes can take place under low pH (i.e., acidic) or high pH (i.e., alkaline) conditions. Hence, this form of corrosion can be controlled...