1-20 of 406 Search Results for

acids

Follow your search
Access your saved searches in your account

Would you like to receive an alert when new items match your search?
Close Modal
Sort by
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310257
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
...Corrosion table for sulfuric acid (H<sub>2</sub>SO<sub>4</sub>) Table 1 (Part 1) Corrosion table for sulfuric acid (H 2 SO 4 ) Concentration, % 0.1 0.5 0.5 0.5 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 3 3 3 Temperature, °C 100 = BP 20 50 100 = BP 20 50 70 85 100 = BP 20 50 60 20 35...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430290
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... such as waterwall, fuel ash, and hot corrosion, acid dew-point or cold-end corrosion, and polythionic acid corrosion. It also addresses stress corrosion cracking and includes relevant case studies. acid dew point corrosion boiler tubes fire-side corrosion fuel ash corrosion hot corrosion polythionic acid...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910021
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
.... The characteristics include: conductivity of the solution, acidity and alkalinity, oxidizing power, degree of ionization, and solubility in the solution. These characteristics, in combination with the characteristics of the metal, will determine the corrosion behavior of a metal/environment combination. The chapter...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090043
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
...Abstract Abstract This chapter addresses the issue of stress-corrosion cracking (SCC) in carbon and low-alloy steels. It discusses crack initiation, propagation, and fracture in aqueous chloride, hydrogen sulfide, sulfuric acid, hydroxide, ammonia, nitrate, ethanol, methanol, and hydrogen gas...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090095
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
..., caustic, polythionic acid, and high-temperature environments and the correlating effects on austenitic, ferritic, duplex, martensitic, and precipitation hardening stainless steels and nickel-base alloys. It also discusses the contributing effects of sensitization and hydrogen embrittlement and the role...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910193
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
...Abstract Abstract Corrosive environments can be broadly classified as atmospheric, underground/soil, water, acidic, alkaline, and combinations of these. Complicating matters is the fact that there are important variables, for example, pH, temperature, and the presence of biological organisms...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ttg2.t61120085
EISBN: 978-1-62708-269-3
...Corrosion of titanium in sulfuric acid pickle baths Table 11.2 Corrosion of titanium in sulfuric acid pickle baths Sulfuric acid concentration, % Acid addition Bath temperature Corrosion rate °C °F μm/yr mils/yr 30 0.5% (a) 38 100 100 4.0 30 1% (a) 38 100 20...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fec.t65940023
EISBN: 978-1-62708-302-7
... electrode, redox, or oxidation potentials, and as the standard emf series) (a) Electrode reaction E 0 , mV (SHE) Acid solutions Li = Li + + e –3040 K = K + + e –2931 Ca = Ca 2+ + 2e –2868 Na = Na + + e –2714 Mg = Mg 2+ + 2e –2356 H(g) = H + + e –2106 Al...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230459
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
... of the native oxides that form on the surface of beryllium and their ability to withstand acids, bases, and corrosive agents found in rain and seawater. It explains how carbides, inclusions, ions, and impurities contribute to corrosion damage, particularly pitting, and how corrosion reduces the ductility...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpmpa.t54480331
EISBN: 978-1-62708-318-8
...) for commercially pure titanium. Ti-6Al-4V can exhibit SCC in chloride. Pitting (anodic breakdown) Localized corrosion that can pit or lead to holes in the material When potential exceeds breakdown for oxide layer; increase in temperature and acidity lower breakdown potential * Adapted and revised from...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bpapp.t59290035
EISBN: 978-1-62708-319-5
..., such as stearates, stearic acid, or magnesium stearate, as well as phosphates and sulfonates, to adjust viscosity, lubricate tooling, disperse particles, or induce binder wetting of the powder. In the case of binders deposited via ink jet printing, the binder contains solvents to lower the viscosity for easier...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ttg2.t61120307
EISBN: 978-1-62708-269-3
...Commercially pure titanium corrosion rates Table F.1 Commercially pure titanium corrosion rates Medium Concentration, % Temperature, °C (°F) Corrosion rate, mm/year Acetaldehyde 75 149 (300) 0.001 100 149 (300) Nil Acetate, n-propyl ... 87 (189) Nil Acetic acid 5...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mgppis.t60400215
EISBN: 978-1-62708-258-7
... picric acid General segregation 4% picral or Winsteard’s (modified) reagent Nonmetallic inclusions 4% picral Epitaxial ferrite Marshall’s reagent Cold-worked ferrite 2 nital or Marshall’s reagent To color or darken Carbides, but not ferrite Boiling alkaline sodium picrate...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.stg2.t61280203
EISBN: 978-1-62708-267-9
... Avoiding, Reducing, and Detecting Metallic Contamination Mechanical Removal Methods Chemical Removal Methods Background Mechanical Removal Methods Chemical Removal Methods Background Mechanical Removal of Oxides and Scales Scale Conditioning Metal Removal by Acid Pickling Salt...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230065
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
...-efficient, these gangue materials must be removed. Many methods have been suggested and tested, and not all are presented here. Most methods for concentrating beryllium minerals by flotation require the use of an acidic pulp. This acid pulp could pose a problem when the beryllium minerals are combined...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030180
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
.... Anodic protection has been used most extensively to protect equipment for storage and handling of sulfuric acid ( Ref 10 , 11 ). Several companies advertise their capabilities in serving the sulfuric acid industry with anodic protection ( Ref 12 – 15 ). These organizations have applied anodic protection...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ttg2.t61120123
EISBN: 978-1-62708-269-3
...Species that inhibit the corrosion of titanium alloys in reducing acids Table 13.1 Species that inhibit the corrosion of titanium alloys in reducing acids Inhibitor category Species Oxidizing metal cations Ti 4+ , Fe 3+ , Cu 2+ , Hg 4+ , Ce 4+ , Sn 4+ , V P 2 + , Te 4+ , Te 6...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030292
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... a shutdown, corrosion can be caused by pockets of water left in the process units and associated piping. Most petroleum refining and petrochemical plant operations involve flammable hydrocarbon streams, highly toxic or explosive gases, and strong acids or caustics that are often at elevated temperatures...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230107
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
..., at a pH of 8.5. This precipitation requires the absence of fluoride, silica, phosphate, and organic matters. Beryllium can be separated from aluminum using 8-hydroxyquinoline. Aluminum is precipitated from an acetate-buffered acetic acid solution of pH 5.7. Iron and titanium can be precipitated...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030209
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... • Kane R.D. and Cayard M.S. , “ A Comprehensive Study on Naphthenic Acid Corrosion ,” Paper 2555, presented at Corrosion/2002 , NACE International, 2002 • Merrick R.D. and Auerbach T. , “ Crude Unit Overhead Corrosion Control Report by Task Group T-8-12 ,” Paper 96...