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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110643
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... the design constraints for analog BIST circuitry can be more relaxed than for the circuit under test, while delivering the required test accuracy and speed. analog design analog/digital converters built-in self-test design-for-test phase-locked loop radio frequency serializer-deserializer...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720049
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
... checking the accuracy of a machine; a measuring device with a proportional range and some form of indicator, either analog or digital Pitch: The angular motion of a carriage, designed for linear motion, about an axis that is perpendicular to the motion direction and perpendicular to the yaw axis...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.stg2.t61280353
EISBN: 978-1-62708-267-9
... minima. Number of heats (casts) of metal, number of tests, number of component shapes, relationship of the test specimen location to the component location to be represented (integral test specimen versus specimens that are cut up from actual components), accuracy of heat treatment, and so on all play a...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870101
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
... required for the final tool. The number of steps involved in fabricating a composite tool can be numerous, as shown in Table 4.2 , depending on which surface is the work surface and what material system is used. Note that some accuracy is lost each time the tool surface is replicated, primarily due to...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110402
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... downsizing, for targeting specific features with accuracy in tens of microns, or for producing a mirror-finish cross-section face. Cleaving allows preservation of the sample “as-is” without material loss, contamination, or the re-deposition that occurs with tools such as polishers, ion mills or focused Ion...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130539
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
...) Fig. A5.2 Colors are only representative. Color accuracy cannot be guaranteed. Temper colors for steels, for time-temperature chart of temper colors. Courtesy of Abbott Furnace Company ...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110132
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... signal close to 100GHz, the second is to use impulse signal vs step. These two improvements are equally important in dramatically improving fault isolation accuracy, essentially bringing traditional TDR to high resolution EOTPR and TDR/TDT. In this paper, first we will provide a brief review of...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720293
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
.... The use of computer equipment in foundry inspection operations is finding more acceptance as the power and utility of available hardware and software increase. The computerization of operations can reduce the manhours required for inspection tasks, can increase accuracy, and can allow the analysis of...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pht2.t51440085
EISBN: 978-1-62708-262-4
... phase of the system must, however, be calibrated and set for the two dissimilar metals used in the thermocouple. The accuracy of the measurement depends primarily on the accuracy of the temperature sensor and the connecting lead wire ( Table 2 ). The accuracy of the digital measurement instrument...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720393
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
... manufacturing for part acceptance and process control. The various types of tests included are: Dimensional evaluation Density measurements Hardness testing Mechanical testing NDT Dimensional accuracy of P/M sintered parts is determined with the same measurement...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720085
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
... range. The HRA scale covers the broadest hardness range, but it is not commonly used. In the Vickers test, the load is applied smoothly, without impact, and held in place for 10 or 15 seconds. The physical quality of the indenter and the accuracy of the applied load (defined in ASTM E384) must be...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110101
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... measuring diagnosis results are accuracy and resolution. Accuracy is a measurement of how well the diagnosis tool has identified the true defective net(s) and the true defect type. For a given list of candidates, accuracy is a binary decision: Is the true candidate on the list, yes or no. Resolution...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... on design. Figure 17 Scan cells’ bounding boxes overlay with (a) reflected laser and (b) laser-assisted device-alteration signal images. Besides mapping scan chains, more importantly, this phenomenon can be extended to devise a fast approach to validate the accuracy of software-based...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720117
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
.... These types of systems are capable of measuring crosshead displacement to an accuracy of 0.125% or better with a resolution of 0.6 μm. Servohydraulic machines use a hydraulic pump and servohydraulic valves that move an actuator piston ( Fig. 8 ). The actuator piston is attached to one end of the...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110379
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... factors have increased the challenges tremendously in delayering at M1 & M2 layers. The future techniques in delayering will be focusing in the growing need for high accuracy, large area, fast turnaround time, minimal artifact and most important will be electrically functioning after going through...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110111
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... often linked to failure localization accuracy, being this a better descriptor of a technique’s capability. Failure localization accuracy is defined as the ability to correlate a defect through physical deprocessing results with the signature obtained from the fault isolation tool to meet or exceed some...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110351
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... columns, most often Ga liquid metal ion sources (LMIS) based, 2) an integrated infrared (IR) camera, mainly to enable through silicon operations 3) a dedicated dual nozzle gas/chemistry delivery system and 4) a high accuracy stage with CAD linkage. Through sample imaging capability is a widely used...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pht2.t51440243
EISBN: 978-1-62708-262-4
...: Temperature uniformity as affected by process control and mass effects, time control, atmosphere control, and cooling method (as determined by uniformity and average severity) Evaluation method contribution: Standards accuracy and testing method accuracy Fig. 6 Factors contributing to overall...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pdub.t53420263
EISBN: 978-1-62708-310-2
... containing many elements, are actually quite low in total alloy or impurity content (e.g., high-strength low-alloy steels). Although useful for certain limited applications, they could not with any accuracy begin to handle highly alloyed materials such as stainless steels or nickel-base superalloys...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720063
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
... vision Human vision Resolution Limited by pixel array size High resolution capability Processing speed Fraction of a second per image Real-time processing Discrimination Limited to high-contrast images Very sensitive discrimination Accuracy Accurate for part discrimination based on...