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abrasion damage

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Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300121
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
... Abstract This chapter discusses the processes and procedures involved in tribotesting, the significance of test parameters and conditions, and practical considerations including test metrics and measurements and the interpretation of wear damage. It also describes the different types of erosion...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300199
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
... their performance in adhesive and abrasive wear applications and in environments where they are subjected to solid particle, droplet, slurry, and cavitation erosion and fretting damage. alloy composition carbon and low-alloy steel friction and wear properties microstructure tool steel wrought product...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430314
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... Abstract Combustion byproducts such as soot, ash, and abrasive particulates can inflict significant damage to boiler tubes through the cumulative effect of erosion. This chapter examines the types of erosion that occur on the fire side of boiler components and the associated causes...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1984
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mpp.t67850060
EISBN: 978-1-62708-260-0
... 5. Szirmae A. , and Fisher R. M. : “ Specimen Damage During Cutting and Grinding, ” Am. Soc. Test Mater., Spec. Tech. Publ. 372 , 1964 , pp. 3 – 9 . 6. Wellner P. : “ Investigations on the Effect of the Cutting Operation on the Surface Deformation of Different Materials...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300079
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
... Abstract This chapter covers common types of erosion, including droplet, slurry, cavitation, liquid impingement, gas flow, and solid particle erosion, and major types of wear, including abrasive, adhesive, lubricated, rolling, and impact wear. It also covers special cases such as galling...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300363
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
... potential damage to both members of the tribosystem. All glass and plastic eyeglass lenses are subject to abrasion from use. Plastic lenses are usually made from PMMA or polycarbonate; neither of these plastics has abrasion resistance to silica ( Fig. 13.10 ), which is the major component in soil...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.t68350043
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
... be displaced to one side). Rather, these latter phenomena are referred to as “surface damage.” Source: Ref 1 Fig. 3 Major categories of wear based on abrasion, erosion, adhesion, and surface fatigue. Source: Ref 2 A third approach to wear classification emphasizes the nature...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ffub.t53610461
EISBN: 978-1-62708-303-4
.... This is particularly true with respect to gear teeth. Also, the metal removed from the cavities usually is very hard and brittle. Thus, it is readily crushed and fragmented into much smaller particles, which can cause abrasive wear as well as other damage when carried by the lubricant to other parts of the mechanism...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.uhcf3.t53630169
EISBN: 978-1-62708-270-9
... Abstract This chapter is a detailed account of the general characteristics and effects of and the methods for preventing or reducing different categories of wear failures, namely abrasive (erosive, grinding, and gouging), adhesive, and fretting wear. abrasive wear adhesive wear fretting...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.9781627083157
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.9781627083232
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060385
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... Wear is mechanically induced surface damage that results in the progressive removal of material due to the relative motion between the subject surface and a contacting medium. A contacting medium may consist of another surface, a fluid, or hard, abrasive particles contained in some form of fluid...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720161
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
... methods, such as flame cutting, produce extreme amounts of damage. Traditional laboratory sectioning procedures using abrasive cut-off saws introduce minor damage that varies with the material being cut and its thermal and mechanical history. This damage must be removed if the true structure...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910363
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... individually or in multiple layers to provide protection and other functions required of the coating or lining. The coatings applied to substrates often are multifunctional, providing corrosion control, an aesthetic surface appearance, abrasion and impact resistance, electrical insulation, and/or other...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mgppis.t60400169
EISBN: 978-1-62708-258-7
.... This is because the method used may alter the microstructure or damage the specimen. The microstructure is most vulnerable to damage and alteration during the sectioning process. For example, an abrasive wheel cutting without a water coolant (and sometimes with a water coolant) can create enough frictional heat...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130111
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
..., and the damage is usually thought of as gradual deterioration. While the terminology of wear is unresolved, the following categories are commonly used: adhesive wear, abrasive wear, erosive wear, fretting, cavitation, rolling, contact fatigue, and corrosive wear. Adhesive wear has been commonly identified...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300335
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
... usually involves damage by oxidation of metal surfaces made nascent by rubbing. Metal oxides are usually abrasive, so abrasion becomes conjoint with rubbing wear when oxidation occurs. Gold on one or both surfaces prevents the oxidation damage component of fretting damage. Osmium and rhodium platings...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300227
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
.... Plasma nitriding helps some 300 series stainless steels in galling situations, and a Stellite-type counterface can be helpful, but all metal-to-metal stainless steel tribosystems present a material selection challenge. As shown in Fig. 9.11 , the abrasion resistance of some stainless steels...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780276
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... less fiber damage (and hence less wear); cavities due to fiber pullout. (h) PEI GF (O P ) excessive damage to GF in both directions due to microcutting. Source: Ref 36 Fig. 9 (Part 2) (e) PEI HY (O N ) showing excessive melting of AF and third-body abrasion due to loose grit (middle...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310193
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... application. Field experience has shown that stainless steels with less than 16% chromium can be harmed by hypochlorite bleaches. Damage occurs mainly on abrasively polished surfaces in alloys with 16% chromium, such as 430, but does not occur on roll-finished or bright-annealed surfaces. Stainless steels...