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X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430107
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
...Abstract Abstract This chapter describes some of the most effective tools for investigating boiler tube failures, including scanning electron microscopy, optical emission spectroscopy, atomic absorption spectroscopy, x-ray fluorescence spectroscopy, x-ray diffraction, and x-ray photoelectron...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720139
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
...Abstract Abstract The overall chemical composition of metals and alloys is most commonly determined by x-ray fluorescence (XRF) and optical emission spectroscopy (OES). High-temperature combustion and inert gas fusion methods are typically used to analyze dissolved gases (oxygen, nitrogen...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hpcspa.t54460121
EISBN: 978-1-62708-285-3
... imaging, X-Ray photoelectron spectroscopy, X-ray fluorescence, Auger electron spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy, oxygen analysis, and nanoindentation. cold-sprayed coatings residual-stress analysis hardness bond adhesion strength microscopy spectroscopy diffraction MATERIALS...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110603
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... compound. X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy (XRF) can be carried out on the parts to evaluate the material composition of the terminations and the molding compound in order to detect the presence or absence of Pb and any other discrepancies with an authentic part. XRF can also be a useful tool to detect...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110434
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... spectrometry (SIMS), Rutherford backscattering spectrometry (RBS), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), and total-reflection x-ray fluorescence (TXRF). Each of these capabilities is given for “ideal” conditions, and optimum sensitivity and lateral resolution may not be achievable at the same time...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430409
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... to corrosion and to identify its source. Energy dispersive spectroscopy in conjunction with scanning electron microscopy (SEM) has proven to be an effective method for qualitative analysis of chemical and scale deposits. Conventional chemical methods, atomic absorption spectrometry, and x-ray fluorescence...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sfa.t52780093
EISBN: 978-1-62708-268-6
..., leak paths, and other conditions not readily apparent using visual or other assessment techniques. Techniques in this area include x-ray and n-ray radiography, dye penetrant inspection, fluorescent dye pressure testing, and magnafluxing. Mechanical and environmental approaches for evaluating...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270019
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
..., 0.005 to 10%; accuracy, 2 to 5% X-ray fluorescence analysis: Normally applicable to elements heavier than sodium; accessible range, 0.005 to 10%; accuracy, 2 to 5% Laser probe microanalysis: Applicable to nearly all elements; accessible range, 0.01 to 100%; accuracy, semiquantitative...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910475
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... and can be used to analyze corrosion products and other surface deposits. X-ray fluorescence (XRF) analysis can be used to analyze both crystalline and amorphous solids, as well as liquids and gases. Infrared and ultraviolet spectroscopy are used to analyze organic materials. When organic materials...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430343
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... of different layers. Figure 6.151 shows the thickness measurements performed using SEM. Fig. 6.151 SEM image showing thicknesses of multiple layers of plate-like particles The scale sample was subjected to chemical analysis using x-ray fluorescence spectrometry and EDS to determine its...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.9781627082532
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sfa.t52780131
EISBN: 978-1-62708-268-6
.... If the line is not visible to the naked eye, it may become visible under magnification or by using a fluorescent or dye penetrant inspection technique, as discussed in Chapter 11 . X-ray inspection can also be used to identify weld cracks. The weld may have a pinhole leak as a result of inadequate weld...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780383
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... structure <5 μm >10 μm <100 ppm Moderate Raman Chemical structure >1 μm >1 μm <0.1 at.% Difficult Note: EDS, energy-dispersive spectroscopy; WDS, wavelength-dispersive spectroscopy; AES, Auger electron spectroscopy; XPS, x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy; TOF-SIMS, time...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
... determined by x-ray fluorescence (XRF) and optical emission spectroscopy (OES). While these methods work well for most elements, they are not useful for dissolved gases and some nonmetallic elements that can be present in metals as alloying or impurity elements. High temperature combustion and inert gas...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ffub.t53610549
EISBN: 978-1-62708-303-4
... diffraction identifies crystalline compounds either on the metal surface or as a mass of particles and can be used to analyze corrosion products and other surface deposits. Minor and trace elements capable of being dissolved can be determined by atomic absorption spectroscopy of the solution. X-ray...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.horfi.t51180151
EISBN: 978-1-62708-256-3
... tool in failure analysis, particularly in the investigation of large castings and forgings. Radiography uses x-rays or gamma rays, which are directed through the sample to a photographic film. After the film has been developed, it can be examined by placing it in front of a light source...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.9781627082617
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130111
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
... compounds either on the metal surface or as a mass of particles and can be used to analyze corrosion products and other surface deposits. Minor and trace elements capable of being dissolved can be determined by atomic-absorption spectroscopy of the solution. X-ray fluorescence spectrography can be used...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780146
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... 34 ). The x-ray photoelectron analysis (ESCA) technique can be used to assign and monitor chemical peaks, such as peaks of CF 2 and CH 2 , on the polymer surface and at various depths in the polymer sample. For example, ESCA has been used to show the disappearance of fluorine groups...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aacppa.t51140061
EISBN: 978-1-62708-335-5
... or alternative techniques such as atomic absorption are employed. Less accurate methods including x-ray fluorescence are used to discriminate composition ranges. Chemical composition is a major variable in mechanical property development. When mechanical properties have failed specification limits...