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Water connections

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2023
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ceeg.t59370177
EISBN: 978-1-62708-447-5
... and symmetrically over a turntable supported by heavy-duty central bearings and a series of supporting rollers on the periphery. The electrical and cooling water connections for each tilt pouring machine are located in the center. The electrical connections are mounted on a rotary encoder. The incoming and outgoing...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910193
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... the intended path because of poor electrical connections within the circuit of poor insulation around the intended conductive material. It then passes through soil, water, or any other suitable electrolyte to find a low-resistance path, such as a buried metal pipe or some other metal structure, and flows...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.piht2.t55050293
EISBN: 978-1-62708-311-9
... supplies). Most maintenance for induction heat-treating systems is centered on the cooling water systems, the high-frequency electrical output connections from the heat station, the induction coil, any mechanical fixturing, and the quench system, because the power supplies and heat stations have very few...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030023
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
..., such as a buried metal pipe, some other metal structure, or an electrolyte with low resistance such as salt water. The current then flows to and from that structure and causes accelerated corrosion whenever it leaves a metallic structure and flows into an electrolyte. For example, in a pipeline...
Image
Published: 01 June 1988
Fig. 8.67 Water-cooled flexible coaxial cable used in radio-frequency induction heating to connect the inductor to the power supply Source: L. C. Miller Co. More
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.piht2.t55050317
EISBN: 978-1-62708-311-9
... head size. Copper will work harden when bent or formed. Too much work hardening can cause collapse of tubing. If the copper gets hard to work, it can be annealed by heating it red hot with a torch and then water quenching. Remember that copper is “hot short” and will break if bent or stretched when...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270113
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
... Abstract An aircraft went down over water some 30 minutes into a flight. The wreckage was retrieved and the elevator linkage components were dismantled, cleaned, and reassembled. As the chapter explains, both the port and starboard hinge pins had fractured at a tack welded joint along a flange...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 1988
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.eihdca.t65220185
EISBN: 978-1-62708-341-6
...) and a single-turn coil can be used, master work coils provide a simple, rapid means of changing coil diameters or shapes to match a variety of parts. In its basic form, a master work coil consists of copper tubing that provides both an electrical connection to the power supply and a water-cooled contact...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 1988
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.eihdca.t65220047
EISBN: 978-1-62708-341-6
... efficiency and not to the “line-to-load” energy transfer. In radio-frequency systems, by contrast, IEEE Standard No. 54 defines the test used to determine power output. This standard describes the use of a calorimeter method for determining power into a load ( Fig. 4.2 ). In practice, a water-cooled...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.piht2.t55050335
EISBN: 978-1-62708-311-9
... the water flow requirement. Most quench systems use centrifugal pumps, which are sized by pressure drop and fluid flow requirements. The sizing of the pump versus the operating pressure is important not only for maximizing flow but also for producing long motor life. A given centrifugal pump supplying...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.piht2.t55050025
EISBN: 978-1-62708-311-9
... corrosion: This is another cause of fitting deterioration and water contamination. Care must be taken in the connection of systems not to place dissimilar metals in contact with each other without the use of a galvanic fitting. For example, if the heat exchanger has copper pipe but the inlet water...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ex2.t69980323
EISBN: 978-1-62708-342-3
... the exhaust water from the hydraulic controls. The hydraulic controls consist of manifolds with valves and connections for pressurized water and exhaust water pipes. Depending on the function, they are used as speed controls for different speeds, as the main control for the press, or as control...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030184
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... electrolyte, and it prevents current from flowing from the anode to the cathode. The reduction reactions that accompany cathodic protection are normally the reduction of dissolved oxygen from the water surrounding the cathode. All reduction reactions result in an increase of the alkalinity (pH...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110144
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
.... Figure 11 Exposed die is thinned with a fine diamond grinding bit. The die surface is removed as the tool traverses the surface. Water is dispensed and suctioned simultaneously to keep a clear view of the process. Figure 12 Stacked die with upper left corner clearing first. This area...
Book Chapter

By Eren Billur
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smff.t53400181
EISBN: 978-1-62708-316-4
... Medium Hydraulic fluid is used to transfer the energy from the pump to the cylinder. In principle, any fluid can be used for this function. Early hydraulic presses had water as the pressure medium, which has several advantages, such as general availability, low cost, no risk of fire, and no messy...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 1988
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.eihdca.t65220077
EISBN: 978-1-62708-341-6
... is passed through the tubes of a “water-to-water” exchanger, cooling the distilled water but not mixing with it. The temperature-demand valve remains connected to the tap waterline. With small induction heaters (7.5 kW or less), water-to-air heat exchangers, similar in construction to an automotive radiator...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.piht2.t55050057
EISBN: 978-1-62708-311-9
... supply, usually a transformer or copper bus bar connection. Historically this means of attachment has required the use of a mating connecting point so that each coil locates the same way (such as the bolt holes found in the Jackson-type transformer) and the use of cooling water interconnection points...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060369
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
..., which can revert back to hydrated iron oxides (rust) in the presence of oxygen and water ( Fig. 15.1 ). In this example, the metal returns to its more chemically stable state from the reactions it has with the surrounding environment. Fig. 15.1 The corrosion cycle of steel Corrosion...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910407
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... potentials within a region of passivity is referred to as anodic protection. Cathodic Protection Cathodic protection is a technique that can be applied to structures that are exposed to a continuous bulk electrolyte (i.e., structures that are immersed in water, buried in the soil, or encased...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... there are hot combustion gases. In watertube boilers, the fuel is combusted in a central chamber (furnace, bed, or grate) and the combustion gas transfers heat energy, through radiation and convection, to the water circulating through the tubes. The water tubes are connected to a steam drum at the top and one...