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Valve steel

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmub.t53550299
EISBN: 978-1-62708-307-2
... engines. Intake valves can reach temperatures of up to approximately 600 °C (1110 °F), while exhaust valves can reach temperatures in excess of 800 °C (1470 °F). Thus, while intake valves could be made from titanium alloy, TiAl has a real opportunity to replace the conventional exhaust valve steels...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cw.t51820115
EISBN: 978-1-62708-339-3
... good oxidation resistance up to approximately 650 °C (1200 °F) in continuous service. Scaling becomes excessive above 760 °C (1400 °F). Cutlery, hand tools, dental and surgical instruments, valve trim and parts, shafts, and plastic mold steel S42010 S42010 attains its full corrosion resistance...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smff.t53400203
EISBN: 978-1-62708-316-4
... after the BHF oscillations are dampened ( Ref 13.8 ). Hydraulic Cushions In hydraulic cushion systems, the required BHF is generated by the oil pressure. The BHF can be controlled by controlling the oil flow from the cushion cylinder with a proportional valve ( Fig. 13.9 ). The energy generated...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270130
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
...Abstract Abstract An aircraft crashed following the loss of yaw control in full airborne flight. The subsequent discovery of broken shutter bolts in the rear pitch reaction control valve led to an inspection campaign that found bolt failures of a similar nature in valves on several other...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.uhcf3.t53630237
EISBN: 978-1-62708-270-9
...-temperature behavior for several metal and alloy systems Table 1 Approximate values for the lower limit of elevated-temperature behavior for several metal and alloy systems Metal Temperature °F °C Aluminum alloys 300 150 Titanium alloys 600 315 Carbon and low-alloy steels 700...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pmsspmp.t52000185
EISBN: 978-1-62708-312-6
... Steel Ball Guide Actuator Output Gear Valve Handle Assembly Valve Handle Insert Lockout Assembly Stainless Steel Spring Seals Stainless steel flake pigments, mainly 316L, are used in corrosion-resistant industrial coatings and as additives to plastics. Flakes are produced from water...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aceg.t68410001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-280-8
.... Marine engine propeller Aluminum wheels Damping capacity Superior to stamped steel components Lower control arms Excellent machinability Superior machinability compared to steel Machinability improved by increased magnesium content Brake master cylinders Valve bodies ABS housings...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130395
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
... . In the presence of H 2 , nickel acts as a catalyst favoring the cracking of the lubricant. This results in the lubricant exploding, and consequently, blistered products. Corrective Measures Results Exhaust valve seats with tool steel powder as a major constituent were shrink-fitted in a cylinder head...
Book Chapter

By Eren Billur
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smff.t53400181
EISBN: 978-1-62708-316-4
.... hydraulic drive systems hydraulic press HYDRAULIC PRESSES generate the forming force and necessary ram motion by hydraulic cylinders. The pressurized fluid medium drives the piston in the cylinder, and the motion is controlled using a set of valves. A typical hydraulic circuit consists of a reservoir...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 May 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hma.t59250093
EISBN: 978-1-62708-287-7
... that was used to make very hard wear-resistant surfaces, such as valve seats. He applied for a patent in 1911 for a stainless steel alloy that contained 13% chromium with 0.30% carbon. His patent was held up for many years due to interference with a British patent. FIG. 7.3 Elwood Haynes, the American...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpmpa.t54480353
EISBN: 978-1-62708-318-8
... comparison of titanium Item Material (a) , $/lb Steel Aluminum Titanium Ore 0.02 0.10 0.22 (rutile) Metal 0.10 1.10 5.44 Ingot 0.15 1.15 9.07 Sheet 0.30–0.60 1.00–5.00 15.00–50.00 Note: Contract prices. The high cost of titanium compared to aluminum and steel...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 February 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.chffa.t51040295
EISBN: 978-1-62708-300-3
.... , “ A Further Consideration of Factors Affecting the Life of Drop Forging Dies, ” J. Iron Steel Inst. , Vol 210 ( No. 7 ), July 1969 , p 520 – 526 . [Bay, 2002] Bay N. , class notes , Technical University of Denmark , 2002 . [Bobke, 1991] Bobke T. , “ Phenomenon of Edge Layer...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030292
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
..., pumps, and valves; and reboiler tubes. In many aqueous refinery environments, susceptibility of stainless steels (and nickel-base alloys) to corrosion and localized attack (e.g., pitting, crevice corrosion, and SCC) has been found to be related to the pitting resistance equivalent number (PREN...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aceg.t68410103
EISBN: 978-1-62708-280-8
... steel. Figure 6.14 is a schematic of the hydraulic system of a die cast machine. It shows the ejector and cover die halves, the shot sleeve, the plunger, the valve, the accumulator, and the metal in the shot sleeve. The accumulator provides the hydraulic power needed for the plunger...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170457
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... them well suited for highspeed machining operations (i.e., screw machine production). Lead-Bearing Copper Alloys Alternative Free-Cutting Additives Workability Castability Copper and copper alloys form one of the major groups of commercial metals, ranking third behind only iron/steel...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ttg2.t61120005
EISBN: 978-1-62708-269-3
... Heat exchangers Pipe and fittings Liners Tubing Pumps Condensers Valves, ducting, and filters Agitators Automotive Body panels Connecting rods Valves and valve springs Rocker arms Marine Surface ship hulls Deep-sea submersibles Pleasure...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ex2.t69980323
EISBN: 978-1-62708-342-3
...Presses for the direct extrusion of aluminum alloys (light metal), copper alloys (heavy metal), and steel Table 6.1 Presses for the direct extrusion of aluminum alloys (light metal), copper alloys (heavy metal), and steel Direct-extrusion presses (a) Equipment Light metal...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030247
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... a particular concern. Additionally, SCC can occur in stainless steel topside piping and equipment, if not properly selected for this harsh environment. Another unique aspect of oil and gas production operations, particularly in older fields, is the almost exclusive use of carbon and low-alloy steels. More...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pmsspmp.t52000039
EISBN: 978-1-62708-312-6
... the component. Hjorth and Ericksson ( Ref 32 ) reported about the use of hot isostatically pressed duplex and austenitic stainless steels in the oil, gas, and petrochemical industries. Valve bodies, fittings, and large manifolds for piping systems are produced in a cost-effective manner. Figure 4.17 shows...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pht2.t51440085
EISBN: 978-1-62708-262-4
.... , Chapter 4, Practical Heat Treating , 1st ed. , American Society for Metals , 1984 , p 59 – 90 3. Stanescu M.S. et al. , Control of Surface Carbon Content in Heat Treating of Steel , Heat Treating , Vol 4 , ASM Handbook , ASM International , 1991 , p 573 – 586 4. Evaluation...