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Uniform corrosion

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030215
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... on materials that are resistant to the various forms of corrosion. The various forms of corrosion covered are general (uniform) corrosion, localized corrosion, galvanic corrosion, intergranular corrosion, stress-corrosion cracking, hydrogen damage, and erosion-corrosion. In addition, the economic importance...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030003
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
...Abstract Abstract This chapter provides an introduction to various forms of corrosion, namely uniform corrosion, localized corrosion, mechanically assisted degradation, environmentally induced cracking, microbiologically influenced corrosion, and metallurgically influenced corrosion...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.uhcf3.t53630211
EISBN: 978-1-62708-270-9
...Abstract Abstract This chapter outlines the major types of corrosion, their interactions, their complicating effects on fracture and wear, and some possible prevention methods. The types of corrosion considered in the chapter are galvanic corrosion, uniform corrosion, pitting corrosion, crevice...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ffub.t53610501
EISBN: 978-1-62708-303-4
... using graphite anodes. Source: Ref 3 Abstract Abstract This chapter discusses common forms of corrosion, including uniform corrosion, galvanic corrosion, pitting, crevice corrosion, dealloying corrosion, intergranular corrosion, and exfoliation. It describes the factors that contribute...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310027
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... illustration of polarization behavior for a passive alloy with and without pitting occurring Fig. 3 Influence of alloying element on corrosion rate as explained by the effect on polarization. Source: Ref 6 Fig. 4 Influence of alloying elements on uniform corrosion rate in 20% sodium...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240323
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
...Abstract Abstract This chapter first covers some basic principles of electrochemical corrosion and then some of the various types of corrosion. Some of the more common types of corrosion discussed include uniform corrosion, galvanic corrosion, pitting, crevice corrosion, erosion-corrosion...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910301
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... is devoted to the discussion on corrosion allowance used for steel parts subject to uniform corrosion. Finally, the chapter describes the design considerations for using weathering steels. corrosion control crevice corrosion galvanic corrosion erosion-corrosion stress-corrosion cracking corrosion...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpmpa.t54480331
EISBN: 978-1-62708-318-8
...Types of corrosion Table 14.1 Types of corrosion Corrosion type Description Conditions General Uniform attack, expressed as mils/year Titanium can passivate if certain oxidizing agents and metal ions are present (e.g., HCl with ferric, cupric ions). Crevice Localized in tight...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910099
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
...Abstract Abstract Corrosion problems can be divided into eight categories based on the appearance of the corrosion damage or the mechanism of attack: uniform or general corrosion; pitting corrosion; crevice corrosion, including corrosion under tubercles or deposits, filiform corrosion...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060369
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... or salts of the base material. This chapter discusses the process of corrosion and how to prevent or mitigate its effects. It describes several forms of corrosion, including uniform, intergranular, pitting, crevice, and stray-current corrosion, and the effects of stress-corrosion cracking, corrosion...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fec.t65940001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-302-7
..., and the electrochemical processes occurring at the interface between the metal and the aqueous environment. Uniform Corrosion with pH as the Major Variable For metals, M, that are thermodynamically unstable in water, the simplest corrosion reactions are: (Eq 1.1) M + mH + → M m + + m...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.t68350011
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
... Uniform Corrosion Galvanic Corrosion Pitting Crevice Corrosion Erosion-Corrosion Cavitation Fretting Corrosion Intergranular Corrosion Exfoliation Dealloying Corrosion Stress-Corrosion Cracking Corrosion Fatigue Hydrogen Damage Water Soils Chemicals...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ttg2.t61120123
EISBN: 978-1-62708-269-3
... and environments as well as hydrogen, stress-corrosion cracking, liquid metal embrittlement, and surface treatments. Corrosion Behavior and Corrosion Resistance Corrosion Technology Uniform Corrosion Processes Alloying Additions and Corrosion Localized Corrosion Processes Hydrogen in Titanium...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cw.t51820203
EISBN: 978-1-62708-339-3
... to corrosion: provides insight into aerobic/anaerobic status of system Linear polarization resistance Gives trend information for uniform corrosion: sensitive to fouling by nonconducting material such as hydrocarbons Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy For uniform corrosion rate and information...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030169
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
..., self-healing, and an electrical insulator. While being protected from uniform corrosion, the most common form of corrosion found on aluminum alloys is localized pitting. This form of corrosion occurs when a corrosive species such as chloride ions compromises the integrity of the oxide film at local...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030349
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... condensing water and glycol, methane, and carbon dioxide. When compared to corresponding coupon data taken on the same exposure interval, it can be seen that the uniform corrosion rates are approximately a factor of 10 higher in the liquid phase than in the vapor. The rates obtained by monitoring were very...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910021
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... 0.069 69 20 70 0.043 43 40 105 0.031 31 60 140 0.027 27 80 140 0.014 14 100 212 0.00 <1 The term corrosion rate refers to the effect of general (or uniform) corrosion on a metal (or nonmetal) per unit of time. The type of corrosion rate expression used depends...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.caaa.t67870025
EISBN: 978-1-62708-299-0
... p , where the oxide layer can maintain its integrity, anodic polarization is easy, and corrosion is slow and uniform. Above E p , anodic polarization is difficult, and the current density sharply increases. The oxide ruptures at random weak points in the barrier layer and cannot repair itself...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030074
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
.... At aging times of 1000 h and higher, preferential corrosion attack at twins inside the grains is observed. For the shorter aging times, there is preferential attack at the HAZ; however, for the longer aging times, the attack becomes more uniform across the testing coupon. Figure 3 shows the effect...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sfa.t52780109
EISBN: 978-1-62708-268-6
... to galvanic corrosion based on materials selection. The term uniform corrosion is used to describe normal corrosion (rust, oxidation, etc.); however, even this corrosion is a form of galvanic corrosion. Uniform corrosion is actually microscopic galvanic corrosion induced by microreactions between tiny...