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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smfpa.t53500179
EISBN: 978-1-62708-317-1
... Abstract Tube hydroforming is a material-forming process that uses pressurized fluid to plastically deform tubular materials into desired shapes. It is widely used in the automotive industry for making exhaust manifolds, catalytic converters, shock absorber housings, and other parts...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430087
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... efficiency, as well as greater demand on construction materials. This chapter discusses the primary requirements for boiler tube materials, including oxidation and corrosion resistance, fatigue strength, thermal conductivity, and the ability to resist creep and rupture. It also provides information...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ex2.t69980059
EISBN: 978-1-62708-342-3
... Abstract This chapter opens with a discussion of the classification of rod and tube extrusion processes. The standard processes involve hot working (extrusion at temperatures above room temperature), but some specialized cold working processes are also used for rod and tube extrusion. The next...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430409
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... Abstract The power generating industry has become proficient at predicting how long a component will last under a given set of operating conditions. This chapter explains how such predictions are made in the case of boiler tubes. It identifies critical damage mechanisms, progressive failure...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430027
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... of diffusion, nucleation, and growth. It also discusses alloying, heat treating, and defect formation and briefly covers condenser tube materials. alloying elements austenitic stainless steels boiler tubes condenser tubes continuous cooling transformation diagram creep-resistant steels ferritic...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430107
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... Abstract This chapter describes some of the most effective tools for investigating boiler tube failures, including scanning electron microscopy, optical emission spectroscopy, atomic absorption spectroscopy, x-ray fluorescence spectroscopy, x-ray diffraction, and x-ray photoelectron...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430379
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... Abstract Water chemistry is a factor in nearly all boiler tube failures. It contributes to the formation of scale, biofilms, and sludge, determines deposition rates, and drives the corrosion process. This chapter explains how water chemistry is managed in boilers and describes the effect...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.9781627082532
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpmpa.t54480243
EISBN: 978-1-62708-318-8
..., including brake forming, stretch forming, deep drawing, and spin forming as well as roll forming, drop-hammer forming, tube bulging and bending, and superplastic forming. It also discusses dimpling and joggling and the use of hot sizing to correct springback. forming lubricants titanium alloys...
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Published: 01 December 2006
Fig. 2.86 (a) Tube coils and finned tubes in extruded copper tubes. (b) Test stand for finned tubes. Source: Wieland-Werke AG More
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Published: 30 September 2023
Figure 9.13: Tube drawing processes. (a) Tube sinking; (b) drawing over a fixed cylindrical mandrel; (c) drawing over a fixed conical mandrel; (d) tube drawing with a floating plug; (e) drawing with a moving mandrel. More
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Published: 30 June 2023
Fig. 16.15 Residential HVAC tube with copper tubes and aluminum fins More
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Published: 30 June 2023
Fig. 17.6 Compound or multilayer tubes for underfloor heating. (a) Compound tube production. (b) Typical underfloor heating system using compound tubes More
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Published: 01 December 2018
Fig. 6.56 Failed waterwall tube with window opening at tube bend More
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Published: 01 December 2018
Fig. 6.131 Superheater tube cut by steam leaking from an adjacent tube More
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Published: 30 November 2013
Fig. 5 Stress rupture of heater tube: (a) heater tube that failed due to stress rupture; (b) and (c) stress rupture voids near the fracture. Source: Ref 3 More
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Published: 30 November 2013
Fig. 6 Thick-lip “fishmouth” failure of a 2-in.-diam superheater tube. The tube bent away from the fracture due to the reaction force of the escaping steam. The material was ASME SA-213 T22 (0.15 maximum C, 1.90–2.60 Cr, 0.87–1.13 Mo). Hardness was 96–98 HRB. Scale about 0.012 in. thick More
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Published: 01 December 2015
Fig. 5 Eroded tube inserts from the inlet end of a fire-tube boiler. The inserts were eroded by particle-laden flue gas, which was forced to turn as it entered the boiler. More
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Published: 01 September 2008
Fig. 8 Bent product tube with 90° bend and minimal thinning at outer tube wall of ~18% of starting tube wall thickness More
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Published: 01 November 2007
Fig. 7.1 Alloy 601 tube suffering localized sulfidation attack. The tube was in service at about 930 °C (1700 °F) in a natural gas-fired furnace making ceramic tiles. Sulfur was believed to come from the ceramic feedstock. More