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Titanium cladding

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pb.t51230221
EISBN: 978-1-62708-351-5
... Titanium Zirconium Hafnium Silver 5 12 10 (a) Gold 1.5 3.5 9.5 Copper 61.5 18.5 43 Indium 3 5 (a) 5 (a) Tin 18 15 12 (a) Reliable phase diagram data not available. The solubility was estimated from consideration of similar binary systems. Contact angle...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.t68350125
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
... include jet engine seals, metalforming tools, tools and dies for ceramic and plastic processing, components used in the chemical and general processing industries, and machine elements. Commonly employed carbides include titanium carbide (TiC), silicon carbide (SiC), tungsten carbide (WC), chromium...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 May 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hma.t59250093
EISBN: 978-1-62708-287-7
... was necessary to prevent the formation of chromium carbides and that the carbon could be controlled by adding stronger carbide formers, such as titanium, columbium, vanadium, molybdenum, or tungsten, to form carbides of these alloys rather than that of chromium. Finally, Monnartz learned that the addition of 2...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.jub.t53290137
EISBN: 978-1-62708-306-5
... and impede the extent of diffusion bonding. The most notable exception is titanium alloys, which, at diffusion bonding temperatures >850 °C (>1560 °F), can readily dissolve minor amounts of adsorbed gases and thin surface oxide films and diffuse them away from the bonding surfaces so that they do...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ex2.t69980195
EISBN: 978-1-62708-342-3
... enable a wide spectrum of materials to be extruded. This chapter focuses on the processes involved in the extrusion of semifinished products in various metals and their alloys, namely tin, lead, lead-base soft solders, tin-base soft solders, zinc, magnesium, aluminum, copper, titanium, zirconium, iron...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910237
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... in material selection, and discuss, where appropriate, the characteristic forms of corrosion that attack specific materials. The materials addressed in this chapter include carbon steels, weathering steels, and alloy steels; nickel, copper, aluminum, titanium, lead, magnesium, tin, zirconium, tantalum...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hpcspa.t54460277
EISBN: 978-1-62708-285-3
.... , Champagne V.K. , and Nardi A. , “ Comparison of Titanium Cold Sprayed Coatings ,” International Thermal Spray Conference , May 2012 11.17 “ Cold Spray—GE ,” http://www.bing.com/videos 11.18 Chandrasekhar V. , “ Microstructural Characterization and Thermal Stability of Cold...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cw.t51820143
EISBN: 978-1-62708-339-3
...Designations and nominal compositions of several titanium-base alloys Table 5 Designations and nominal compositions of several titanium-base alloys Common alloy designation UNS No. Nominal composition, % ASTM grade Alloy type Grade 1 R50250 Unalloyed titanium 1 α Grade 2...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030169
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
...—copper, manganese, silicon, magnesium, and zinc—that significantly influence the properties of aluminum alloys. Other alloying components that are less significant from a corrosion-resistance standpoint are iron, chromium, titanium, zirconium, lithium, and nickel. These are frequently included to improve...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ex2.t69980009
EISBN: 978-1-62708-342-3
... extruded products with a working temperature range of 300 to 600 deg C. The second part focuses on copper alloy extruded products, extruded titanium alloy products, and extruded products in iron alloys with a working temperature range of 600 to 1300 deg C. References References [Alh 71...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910363
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... scale are shown in Fig. 12 . The cladding of steel with stainless steel, copper, nickel alloys, titanium, and tantalum has become increasingly popular in the chemical processing industries. Applications include pressure vessels, reactors, heat exchangers, and storage tanks. Fig. 12 High-volume...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110379
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... another thin layer of Titanium (Ti) or Titanium-nitride (TiN) or Titanium-Tungsten (TiW) known as barrier or cladding. The top most Al metal layer of some processes contains only Al with no ARC and cladding layers. The intermetal-dielectric layer (IMD) or inter-layer-dielectric (ILD) is laid between two...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030184
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... Platinum-clad titanium or niobium rods are available in diameters of 0.635 cm (0.25 in.), 0.953 cm (0.375 in.), and 1.27 cm (0.500 in.). For mechanical reasons (flow rates in the waterboxes), the 1.27 cm (0.500 in.) rods are selected. The total length of rod required in each waterbox will be: L...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090191
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... of silicon, phosphorus, sulfur, and nickel and depletion of chromium, molybdenum, and titanium. Because diffusion rates are low under LWR conditions (250 to 350 °C, or 480 to 660 °F), the profiles for major elements (e.g., chromium) are much narrower (e.g., one-tenth) than for common thermal exposures (500...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090303
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... C.W. , Met. Prog. , Vol 70 ( No. 11 ), 1956 , p 93 11.35 Yau T.L. , Zirconium and Titanium: Corrosion Resistance of Contrasts , Proc. 1990 Int. Conf. Titanium Products and Applications , Titanium Development Association , 1990 , p 325 11.36 Iodine Induced Stress Corrosion...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pb.t51230001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-351-5
...–30 Aluminum alloys 20–23 Copper alloys 16–19 Stainless steels 15–17 Iron alloys 13–15 Nickel alloys 12–15 Cast irons 10–13 Titanium alloys 8–10 Tungsten/molybdenum alloys 4–7 Low expansion alloys (Fe-Ni-base) 1–5 Graphite 7–9 Ceramics Ceramics, glass 6...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cw.t51820169
EISBN: 978-1-62708-339-3
... in this chapter). Very brittle intermetallic compounds are formed when metals such as steel, copper, magnesium, or titanium are fusion welded to aluminum. Bimetallic transition material inserts in sheet, plate, and tubular forms are commercially available in combinations of aluminum to such other metals...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170003
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... difficult ( work hardening or strain hardening ). Vanadium, aluminum, tungsten, and nitrogen are examples of excellent grain refiners in steels, while titanium, vanadium, aluminum, and zirconium additions to carbon and low-alloy steels inhibit grain growth. Atoms of a different element can be added...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240487
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... the ingot to rapidly cool the ingot. Metals with low melting points, such as magnesium, copper, and zinc, are added directly to the molten charge, while high-melting-point elements (e.g., titanium, chromium, zirconium, and manganese) are added as master alloys. Inoculants, such as titanium and titanium...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.caaa.t67870001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-299-0
... these compounds, bauxite contains iron oxide (which gives it a reddish-brown color), as well as silicates (clay and quartz), and titanium oxide. The bauxites used for the production of aluminum typically contain 35 to 60% total aluminum oxide. The most widely used technology for producing aluminum involves...