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Tensile stress

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Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240243
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
...Abstract Abstract Fatigue failures occur due to the application of fluctuating stresses that are much lower than the stress required to cause failure during a single application of stress. This chapter describes three basic factors that cause fatigue: a maximum tensile stress of sufficiently...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090349
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... techniques, environmental factors, and cracking characteristics. It includes a model that accounts for the primary factors involved in intergranular SCC, namely, tensile stresses above the yield stress of the base material, a sensitized microstructure, and reactor cooling water. The chapter also provides...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030148
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... formation Hydrogen environment embrittlement Hydrogen stress cracking Loss in tensile ductility Typical materials Steels, nickel-base alloys, metastable stainless steel, titanium alloys Carbon and low-alloy steels Steels, nickel-base alloys, Be-Cu bronze, aluminum alloys Carbon and low-alloy...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aacppa.t51140193
EISBN: 978-1-62708-335-5
...Abstract Abstract The stress-strain curves in this data set are representative examples of the behavior of several cast alloys under tensile or compressive loads. The curves are arranged by alloy designation. Each figure cites the original source of the curve and provides pertinent background...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.uhcf3.t53630071
EISBN: 978-1-62708-270-9
... Tension Loading Torsional Loading Compression Loading Bending Loading Fatigue Summary Stress systems are best studied by examining free-body diagrams, which are simplified models of complex stress systems. Figure 1 shows the orientation of the normal (tensile and compressive...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smnm.t52140039
EISBN: 978-1-62708-264-8
... notched impact test residual stress steel tensile test PROBABLY THE MOST IMPORTANT properties of metals that account for their widespread use are their mechanical properties. These properties include a combination of very high strength with the ability to bend rather than break. Various tests have...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410487
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
... by heat treatments. It also provides information on residual stress evaluation and prediction techniques. distortion heat treatment residual tensile stress CHAPTER 19, “Low Toughness and Embrittlement Phenomena in Steels,” in this book describes causes of low toughness and embrittlement...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.uhcf3.t53630035
EISBN: 978-1-62708-270-9
... to fatigue, stress corrosion, and fretting. However, one should be aware that there must be balancing tensile residual stresses within the part. In certain circumstances, these internal tensile residual stresses can be a problem. There are several fundamental facts that must be understood about residual...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.uhcf3.t53630081
EISBN: 978-1-62708-270-9
... of residual tensile stresses, with no applied load, or with any combination of applied and residual stresses. See Fig. 1 in Chapter 4, “Residual Stresses,” in this book. Fig. 1 New T-2 tanker, the S.S. Schenectady , which fractured in 1941 at its outfitting dock. This ship was one of 19 during World...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130503
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
.... Wriedt H.A. and Oriani R.A. , Effect of Tensile and Compressive Elastic Stress on Equilibrium Hydrogen Solubility in a Solid , Acta Metall. , Vol 18 ( No. 7 ), 1970 , p 753 – 760 10.1016/0001-6160(70)90039-8 31. Troiano A.R. , The Role of Hydrogen and Other Interstitials...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.uhcf3.t53630023
EISBN: 978-1-62708-270-9
... , 1989 In pure tension, the tensile stress is uniform across the section if there are no local stress concentrations or discontinuities present, as shown in Fig. 1(a) . A transverse, or annular, groove or notch causes a stress concentration that increases with the sharpness of the notch...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cw.t51820177
EISBN: 978-1-62708-339-3
...Maximum tensile surface residual stresses caused by surface treatments of type 304 stainless steel Table 1 Maximum tensile surface residual stresses caused by surface treatments of type 304 stainless steel Sample Surface preparation Maximum tensile surface residual stress (a) , MPa (ksi...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090333
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
.... Failure in air occurred on a plane at an angle of approximately 45° to the tensile axis because of a type of plane stress-shear fracture ( Ref 13.5 ). The fracture surface was composed of a smooth region produced by large local plastic shearing and a veinlike region produced by plastic instability ( Ref...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780404
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... stress whitening. Shear bands ( Fig. 7 , Ref 4 ) are also microscopic localized deformation zones that propagate ideally along shear planes. Like crazes, shear-deformation bands, or slip lines, are traditionally thought to be the mechanism of irreversible tensile deformation in ductile amorphous...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.uhcf3.t53630117
EISBN: 978-1-62708-270-9
... fracture is increased. Let us consider the definition of fatigue that is commonly accepted: The phenomenon leading to fracture under repeated or fluctuating stresses having a maximum value less than the tensile strength of the material. Fatigue fractures are progressive, beginning as minute cracks...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fdmht.t52060001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-343-0
..., creates such a bias. This bias takes the form of a dilation of the atomic lattice, particularly at a diffusion-susceptible grain boundary having a component of normal tensile stress. The atomic dilation slightly reduces the atomic bond strength locally, thus negligibly reducing the apparent activation...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ffub.t53610055
EISBN: 978-1-62708-303-4
... contribution. Courtesy of C.E. Price, Oklahoma State University. Source: Ref 18 Fig. 47 Stress-corrosion fracture that occurred by decohesion along the parting plane of an aluminum alloy forging. Source: Ref 18 Fig. 2 Type 302 stainless steel tensile specimen with the typical cup...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240201
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
..., and shear. Important tensile properties that can be determined by the tensile test include yield strength, ultimate tensile strength, ductility, resilience, and toughness. The chapter describes the effects of stress concentrations on ductile metals under cyclic loads. Other topics covered include combined...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.uhcf3.t53630211
EISBN: 978-1-62708-270-9
... (SCC; a subset of environmentally induced cracking) is a major problem in many industries because it may result in brittle fracture of a normally ductile metal. It is defined as cracking under the combined action of a specific corrosive environment and tensile stresses; the stresses may be either...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090241
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... in tension. If the compressive surface stresses are not disturbed by subsequent fabrication practices, the surface has an enhanced resistance to SCC because a sustained tensile stress is necessary to initiate and propagate this type of corrosion. Fig. 8.7 Comparison of residual stresses in a thick...