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Submerged arc welding

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Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.jub.t53290023
EISBN: 978-1-62708-306-5
..., submerged arc welding, gas metal arc welding, gas tungsten arc welding, plasma arc welding, plasma-GMAW welding, electroslag welding, and electrogas welding. The basic characteristics of gases used for shielding during arc welding are briefly discussed. electrogas welding electroslag welding flux...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmcs.t66560309
EISBN: 978-1-62708-291-4
... to direction of propagation of jet. (a) 1% nital. 100×. (b) 1% nital. 1000×. (c) and (d) Weld interface: sectioned perpendicular to direction of propagation of jet. (c) 1% nital. 100×. (d) 1% nital. 1000×. Fig. 11.15 (Part 1) Submerged-arc butt weld in high-strength steel (0.2%C-1.5%Mn...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060117
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... placement Good Excellent Satisfactory Satisfactory Not applicable (b) Variety of metals weldable Excellent Excellent Good Good Fair (a) SMAW, shielded metal arc welding; GTAW, gas tungsten arc welding; GMAW, gas metal arc welding; FCAW, flux cored arc welding; SAW, submerged arc...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cw.t51820099
EISBN: 978-1-62708-339-3
...-base alloy fillers and weld techniques 3.2 mm (0.125 in.) plates tested in 10% FeCl 3 for 120 h Filler metal Critical pitting temperature Gas tungsten arc Gas metal arc Submerged arc °C °F °C °F °C °F Hastelloy alloy G-3 30–35 85–95 (a) 30 85 (a) 30–35 85–95 (b...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 1988
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.eihdca.t65220315
EISBN: 978-1-62708-341-6
...-frequency induction welding). SAW = submerged-arc welding. (c) Input-power requirement for 160-kW welder output capacity. (d) Input-power requirement for 300-kW welder output capacity. (e) Input-power requirement for 600-kW welder output capacity. Fig. 12.1 Ratios of the price...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030112
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... to boiling 60% H 2 SO 4 + 8% HCl Fig. 9 Effect of 1 h aging treatment on corrosion resistance of three Hastelloy alloys in 50% H 2 SO 4 + 42 g/L Fe 2 (SO 4 ) 3 . Source: Ref 10 Fig. 10 Typical microstructure of the HAZ of a multipass submerged arc weld in Hastelloy alloy C-276. Source...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.jub.t53290001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-306-5
... Table 1.2 Recommended joining processes for various metal groups Material Thickness (a) Shielded metal arc welding Submerged arc welding Gas metal arc welding Flux-cored arc welding Gas tungsten arc welding Plasma arc welding Electroslag welding Electrogas welding...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cw.t51820013
EISBN: 978-1-62708-339-3
.... Specialized process for attaching studs to steel plate. Usually more economical than drilling and tapping. SMAW, shielded metal arc welding; GMAW, gas metal arc welding; FCAW, flux-cored arc welding; GTAW, gas tungsten arc welding; PAW, plasma arc welding; SAW, submerged arc welding; EGW, electrogas...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030096
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... of the second weld bead of a submerged-arc weld joint in 200 mm (3/4 in.) duplex stainless steel plate. The extremely fine austenite precipitate was formed as a result of reheating from the subsequent weld pass, which used an arc energy of 6 kJ/mm (150 kJ/in.). 1000×. Source: Ref 14 Fig. 42 Effect...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130503
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
... obtained in transvarestraint tests at 4% augmented strain. Source: Ref 53 , 54 Fig. 2 Wormhole or piping porosity in weld metal deposited by submerged arc welding. Plate is 19 mm thick. Fig. 3 Overview of pipe section. Cracking is visible on right end of the pipe at the toe...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310201
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... through. Fig. 6 Joint designs. Courtesy Ugine S.A. Gas Tungsten Arc Welding (GTAW)/Tungsten Inert Gas (TIG) Gas Metal Arc Welding (GMAW) Submerged Arc Welding (SAW) Shielded Metal Arc Welding (SMAW) Flux Cored Wire (FCW) Oxyfuel Gas Welding (OFW) Laser Welding Resistance...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cw.t51820125
EISBN: 978-1-62708-339-3
... Fig. 10 Typical microstructure of the HAZ of a multipass submerged arc weld in alloy C-276. Source: Ref 24 Fig. 11 Typical microstructure of the HAZ of a multipass submerged arc weld in alloy C-22. Matching filler metal was used. Source: Ref 24 Fig. 12 Corrosion of the weld...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.t68350183
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
... to compare costs with a high degree of accuracy. Figures 2 and 3 provide some general guidelines for cost comparisons. Fig. 2 Relative costs (based on pounds of alloy deposited) for various weld overlay and thermal spray processes. SAW, submerged arc welding; FCAW, flux-cored arc welding; GMAW...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.dmlahtc.t60490329
EISBN: 978-1-62708-340-9
... by submerged-arc welding (SAW). For longitudinal seam welding of rolled plate, either electroslag welding (ESW) or submerged-arc welding can be used. If ESW is used to form the seam welds, the complete ring sections are quenched and tempered. If SAW is used for the seam welds, an alternate procedure...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.stg2.t61280149
EISBN: 978-1-62708-267-9
... Shielding Gases for GMAW Joint Designs for GMAW Welding Techniques for GMAW General Aspects of Submerged Arc Welding Electrodes for SMAW Welding Conditions for SMAW More about Electron Beam Welding Electron Beam Welding of Superalloys General Welding Fixtures Cobalt-Base...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.jub.t53290079
EISBN: 978-1-62708-306-5
... arc welding can be used to weld a wide range of metals, including steel, stainless steel, nickel, titanium, aluminum, copper, and other alloy systems. With the high productivity and the broad range of alloys that can be welded, many industries currently using GMAW or submerged arc welding could...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030089
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... associated with shielded metal arc electrodes using a basic coating. In seawater, for example, the corrosion rate for a weld made using a basic-flux-coated consumable may be three times as high as for weld metal from a rutile-flux-coated consumable. Fewer data are available for submerged arc weld metals...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.jub.t53290099
EISBN: 978-1-62708-306-5
... with the oxyacetylene process. It is inherently slow and does not require rapid response time in order to control the size of the weld puddle. Greater skill is needed to control the more rapid fluctuations in arc processes. The weld pool created by the high-heat-intensity processes, such as laser beam and electron beam...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030338
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... occurred on a variety of sizes, grades, and vintages of line pipe steel. Stress-corrosion cracking has been found in flash welded, submerged arc welded (SAW), electric resistance welded (ERW), and seamless pipe. The chemical compositions of the failed pipes are typical for the vintage and grade...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cw.t51820177
EISBN: 978-1-62708-339-3
... Cracking of Submerged Arc Weldments , Proc. API , Vol 52 (III), 1972 , p 631 – 653 7. “Controlling Weld Hardness of Carbon Steel Refinery Equipment to Prevent Environmental Cracking,” RP 942 , American Petroleum Institute 8. “Methods and Controls to Prevent Inser-vice Environmental...