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Structural steel

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Published: 01 March 2002
Fig. 1.5 Micrograph of ASTM A 36 structural steel showing a microstructure consisting of ferrite (light etching constituent) and pearlite (dark etching constituent). Etched in 4% picral followed by 2% nital. 200× More
Image
Published: 01 August 2018
Fig. 9.81 Structural steel containing C = 0.08%, Si = 0.19%, Mn = 1.47%, S = 0.004%, Ti = 0.012%. Determining the nucleation conditions for intragranular ferrite (acicular) in a complex nonmetallic inclusion. Simulated welding thermal cycle: heating to 1440 °C (2625 °F) for 4 s followed More
Image
Published: 01 August 2018
Fig. 10.2 (Part 1) Structural steel subjected to heat treatment at 625 °C (1155 °F) for different times. The spheroidization of the carbides with increasing holding times is evident. (a) Specified strength of 413 MPa (60 ksi), with a starting microstructure of ferrite and fine pearlite. (b More
Image
Published: 01 August 2018
Fig. 10.2 (Part 2) Structural steel subjected to heat treatment at 625 °C (1155 °F) for different times. (c) Specified strength of 690 MPa (100 ksi), produced using quenching and tempering heat treatment (see the sections “ Quenching and Tempering ” and “ Tempering ” in this chapter More
Image
Published: 01 August 2018
Fig. 10.19 Longitudinal cross section of a thick plate of structural steel WStE355 (C = 0.19%, Mn = 1.2%) 38 mm (1.5 in.) thick, normalized. In this figure, the longitudinal direction of the plate is along the vertical direction. (a) Surface region of the plate (on the left side, slight More
Image
Published: 01 August 2018
Fig. 11.16 Sulfur print of a thick rolled plate of structural steel WStE355. Section transverse to the main rolling direction, region corresponding to the top of the conventional ingot used to roll the plate, in mid-width. Some concentration of sulfides can be seen, elongated in the transverse More
Image
Published: 01 August 2018
Fig. 11.67 Cross section of a structural steel plate (ferrite and pearlite) that was exposed to a building fire. Oxidation with the formation of a thick layer of oxides in the plate surface, and a region that suffered partial decarburization. The kinetics of the oxidation More
Image
Published: 01 August 2018
Fig. 14.29 Transverse cross section to a weld in structural steel with yield strength of 379 MPa (55 ksi) (see Fig. 14.1 ). At the top of the image is the weld-deposited metal. The base of the image shows the region of grain refinement. Compare to Fig. 14.28 . Etchant: nital 2% and picral 4 More
Image
Published: 01 December 1996
Fig. 8-34 Diagram showing for a structural steel the recrystallization process as a function of the reduction in thickness by rolling and the rolling temperature. The numbers in the circles are ASTM grain size values. (From same source as Fig. 8-27 ) More
Image
Published: 01 December 1996
Fig. 8-43 Schematic illustration of the hot rolling process used for structural steels. The width of the cross-hatched area is an indication of the plate thickness. (Adapted from J.K. Baird and R.R. Preston, in Processing and Properties of Low Carbon Steel , The Metallurgical Society More
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Published: 01 December 1996
Fig. 8-44 A continuous cooling TTT diagram for a structural steel, showing a cooling curve typically used in making sheet material. (From J.D. Grozier, in MicroAlloying 75 , p 241, Union Carbide Corp., New York (1977), Ref 21 ) More
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtpclas.t64560263
EISBN: 978-1-62708-353-9
.... Ballace, editor, The Metallurgical Society, Warrendale, PA (1977), Ref 10 ) Fig. 8-26 Effect of primary ferrite grain size on the yield strength of plain carbon structural steels and such steels containing niobium. (Adapted from K.J. Irvine, J. Iron and Steel Institute , Vol 207, p 837 (1969...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmcs.t66560081
EISBN: 978-1-62708-291-4
... Abstract This chapter covers a broad range of low-carbon steels optimized for structural applications. Low-carbon structural steels are generally considered the highest-strength steels that can be welded without undue difficulty, even in the field. They include mild steels, carbon-manganese...