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Stress relieving

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Published: 01 December 2001
Fig. 22 Effect of stress relieving time and temperature on degree of stress relief obtained in low-alloy gray irons. Table shows compositions and the negligible effect of maximum stress relieving conditions on hardness. Source: Ref 25 Iron Composition, % Hardness, HRB C Si P S More
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Published: 31 December 2020
Fig. 7 Effect of initial stress level and stress-relieving temperature on the percentage of stress that is relieved in 1 hour at temperature. Courtesy of the American Foundry Society. Source: Ref 8 , 9 More
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Published: 01 March 2006
Fig. 4 Effect of stress relieving temperature on hardness of gray irons. Bar specimens 30 mm (1.2 in.) in diam where held for 1 h at the indicated temperatures and then air cooled. Source: Ref 5 , 6 Composition, % Iron TC (a) CC (b) Si Cr Ni Mo A 3.20 0.80 2.43 0.13 More
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Published: 31 December 2020
Fig. 12 Effect of stress relieving on corrosion rate of type 347 stainless steel in boiling 65% HNO 3 . All stress-relief treatments lasted 2 hours. More
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Published: 31 December 2020
Fig. 8 Effects of the stress-relieving temperature and time at relaxation temperature on the residual stress in a high-strength gray iron containing alloys that assist in retaining strength at elevated temperatures. Courtesy of the American Foundry Society. Source: Ref 10 More
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Published: 01 January 2022
Fig. 7.5 Stress-relieving cycles for iron castings. Source: Ref 2 More
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Published: 30 November 2013
Fig. 7 Surface of a brittle fracture in a cold-drawn, stress-relieved 1035 steel axle tube. Fracture originated at a weld defect (arrow) during testing in very cold weather. Note the well-defined chevron marks located clockwise from the arrow, pointing back toward the origin. Note also More
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Published: 01 November 2012
Fig. 25 Surface of a brittle fracture in a cold drawn, stress-relieved 1035 steel axle tube. Fracture originated at a weld defect (arrow) during testing in very cold weather. Note the well-defined chevron marks clockwise from the arrow pointing back toward the origin. Note also that the steel More
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.isceg.t59320103
EISBN: 978-1-62708-332-4
... by a section providing information on the practice of stress relieving. Next, the chapter details various ways of eliminating slag entrainment while designing gating and venting systems. Several factors related to the establishment of the optimum pouring rate and time are then covered. Further, the chapter...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310331
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
...Abstract Abstract Cast irons, like steels, are iron-carbon alloys but with higher carbon levels than steels to take advantage of eutectic solidification in the binary iron-carbon system. Like steel, heat treatment of cast iron includes stress relieving, annealing, normalizing, through hardening...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310161
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
...Abstract Abstract This chapter discusses different thermal processes applicable to the various alloy groups of stainless steels, namely austenitic, ferritic, martensitic, precipitation hardening, and duplex stainless steels. The processes discussed include soaking, annealing, stress relieving...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240177
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
..., such as ductility, formability, and machinability. This chapter discusses various heat treatment processes, namely annealing, stress relieving, normalizing, spheroidizing, and hardening by austenitizing, quenching and tempering. It also discusses two types of interrupted quenching processes: martempering...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pht2.t51440001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-262-4
...Abstract Abstract This chapter introduces the principal heat treating processes, namely normalizing, annealing, stress relieving, surface hardening, quenching, and tempering. An overview of four of the more popular surface hardening treatments, namely carburizing, carbonitriding, nitriding...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pht2.t51440207
EISBN: 978-1-62708-262-4
... are stress relieving, annealing, normalizing, surface hardening, quenching, martempering, austempering, and flame and induction hardening. annealing austempering carbon equivalent ductile cast iron flame hardening gray cast iron induction hardening malleable cast iron martempering normalizing...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.stg2.t61280135
EISBN: 978-1-62708-267-9
... reasons such changes are required. It describes several types of treatments, including stress relieving, in-process annealing, full annealing, solution annealing, coating diffusion, and precipitation hardening. It discusses the temperatures, holding times, and heating and cooling rates necessary...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ttg2.t61120055
EISBN: 978-1-62708-269-3
... as more resistant to the effects of corrosion and thermal and mechanical fatigue. It describes accepted practices for stress relieving, aging, annealing, and post-treatment processing along with associated challenges and concerns. aging annealing stress relieving titanium alloys Why Heat Treat...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ts5.t65900291
EISBN: 978-1-62708-358-4
... in this chapter. It provides information on hubbing and machined cavity grades of mold steels and describes the performance of the corrosion-resistant mold steels. The chapter discusses the processes involved in forging, annealing, stress relieving, carburizing, hardening, and tempering of mold steels...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310233
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
...), martensitic, and precipitation-hardening. In addition, information on special considerations for stainless steel castings is also provided. The heat treatment processes explained in the chapter are preheating, annealing, stress relieving, hardening, tempering, austenite conditioning, heat aging, and nitride...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpmpa.t54480265
EISBN: 978-1-62708-318-8
... factors. It describes several welding processes, including arc welding, resistance welding, and friction stir welding, and addresses related issues such as welding defects, quality control, and stress relieving. The chapter also covers mechanical fastening techniques along with adhesive bonding...
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Published: 01 November 2012
Fig. 21 Influence of welding residual stress on fatigue. (a) Effect of applied stress ratio on as-welded joints. (b) Effect of stress relief as a function of tensile load cycle. All specimens stress relieved. (c) Effect of stress relief as a function of tension-compression load cycle. All More