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Steel storage tank

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Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030180
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... of 4 to 5, and vessel life has increased accordingly. Hydrogen gas is produced as a by-product of acid corrosion. This gas can damage steel tanks, particularly in the upper half of the manhole area of a storage vessel. This damage is caused by the gas streaming up the manhole and disrupting...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270059
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
.... Later, requirements to minimize fracture were added. Further investigations and follow-up work resulted in the modification of their standard for “Welded Steel Tanks for Oil Storage.” API 653 (1990) for “Tank Inspection and Repair” was introduced to include maintenance, inspection, repair, alteration...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hpcspa.t54460107
EISBN: 978-1-62708-285-3
... conditions) and an outer carbon steel vessel, with vacuum and perlite insulation in between to minimize any product losses from ambient heat transfer into the liquid nitrogen product. Storage tanks come complete with piping controls to automatically regulate their pressure and often use a telemetry system...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030089
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... Vessels Two deaerator vessels with associated boiler feedwater storage tanks operated in similar service at a refinery. The vertical deaerator vessels were constructed of carbon steel (shell and dished heads), with trays, spray nozzles, and other internal components fabricated of type 410 stainless...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310243
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... lower than the transverse properties that testing requires. Pumps for seawater follow the same guidelines as piping, tanks, and all other components. Cast or wrought duplex are the alloys of choice. Shipping The major uses of stainless steel in shipping are in bulk storage containment. Cargos range from...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.caaa.t67870001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-299-0
... frames, house (address) numbers, and serving trays. Cooking utensils were also a major early market. In time, aluminum applications grew in diversity to the extent that virtually every aspect of modern life would be directly or indirectly affected by use. Today, aluminum is surpassed only by steel in its...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 1988
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.eihdca.t65220047
EISBN: 978-1-62708-341-6
... heating stations are used to preheat 600 tons of steel per hour transported from a storage yard or directly from a continuous caster. Slabs as large as 30 cm (12 in.) thick by 152 cm (60 in.) wide by 793 cm (312 in.) long are heated to 1260 °C (2300 °F) for rolling. The slabs, which may weigh as much...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.piht2.t55050335
EISBN: 978-1-62708-311-9
... temperature ranges above room temperature, heaters are recommended to bring the tank up to temperature, with an over-temperature alarm or cutoff used to prevent high-temperature operation. The quench tank and piping must not react with the quenchant. Polymers are very hard on painted tanks. In steel tanks...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910407
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
..., and the types of equipment and structures that are cathodically protected. Early applications included the protection of buried steel structures in soil, including steel pipes, tanks, and structural columns. The glass-lined steel tanks of domestic water heaters are typically protected by a magnesium rod inside...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910193
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... to encompass all corrosion taking place on buried (underground) structures. Underground storage tanks, gas and oil transmission pipelines, distribution pipelines, and many other structures buried in soil are susceptible to underground corrosion. Ordinary steel and cast irons are the two most common...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030247
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... a particular concern. Additionally, SCC can occur in stainless steel topside piping and equipment, if not properly selected for this harsh environment. Another unique aspect of oil and gas production operations, particularly in older fields, is the almost exclusive use of carbon and low-alloy steels. More...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.caaa.t67870045
EISBN: 978-1-62708-299-0
... corrosion, standardized testing and test development have primarily focused on assessing the behavior of stainless steels and nickel-base alloys (stainless steels, particularly those with little or no molybdenum, are especially prone to crevice corrosion). ASTM G 78 provides guidance for conducting crevice...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 1988
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.eihdca.t65220027
EISBN: 978-1-62708-341-6
..., it too will provide a constant output as the resonant tank frequency shifts, especially when the temperature passes through the Curie point during heating of magnetic steels. Nevertheless, it is necessary first to tune the system so that the tank frequency is within the frequency band of the local...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ffub.t53610001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-303-4
... rupture. Improvement in steel grades Safety procedures established for lifeboats Warning systems established for icebergs Molasses tank failures 1919, 1973 Brittle fracture of the tank as a result of poor ductility and higher loads Design codes for storage tanks developed Consideration given...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cw.t51820013
EISBN: 978-1-62708-339-3
... body panels, appliances, and light-walled tanks. In the range of 0.15 to 0.30% C (sometimes termed mild steels), the steels are generally easily welded, but because hardening is a possibility, precautions such as preheating may be required at higher manganese levels, in thicker sections, or at high...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030292
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
..., storage tanks, most piping, and all structures are generally fabricated from carbon steel. Carbon and low-alloy steels of carbon-molybdenum (C-Mo) or carbon-chromium-molybdenum (C-Cr-Mo) chemistry are the most widely used in plant construction. A C-0.5Mo steel can offer substantial savings over carbon...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 June 2023
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.atia.t59340429
EISBN: 978-1-62708-427-7
... and performance improvements. The flexibility and corrosion resistance of aluminum extrusions were important improvements to prior wooden diving boards. In the diving world, aluminum scuba tanks have proved to be a cost-effective alternative to steel. Diving Diving may be one of the best examples...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910301
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... instead of skip welding ( Fig. 18 ). Be especially careful when designing tank supports (especially for aluminum or stainless steel tanks) to assure as few crevices as possible. Seal weld tubes to tube sheets when practical. If seal welding cannot be specified, make sure that the tube installation...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pnfn.t65900023
EISBN: 978-1-62708-350-8
... Time Steel composition In gas nitriding the nitrogen source is almost always derived from the decomposition (or dissociation) of ammonia gas supplied via an external bulk storage system or individual bottles connected to a manifold ( Fig. 1 ). Fig. 1 Simple schematic arrangement...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.uhcf3.t53630081
EISBN: 978-1-62708-270-9
... in order to cause brittle fracture in a normally ductile steel. The chapter then discusses the macroscale characteristics and microstructural aspects of brittle fracture. A summary of the types of embrittlement experienced by ferrous alloys is presented. The chapter concludes with a brief section providing...