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Steel beam

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Published: 01 January 2017
Fig. 17.39 Cantilever beam specimens of PH13-8Mo stainless steel after testing. Experiments demonstrate that electrochemical factors can override mechanical factors in determining initiation sites of SCC. See text for details. Source: Ref 17.68 More
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Published: 01 December 2000
Fig. 10.4 Laser beam heating of titanium steel, and aluminum, showing melt depth versus beam sweep speed More
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Published: 01 January 1998
Fig. 11-13 Rotating beam fatigue performance of A6 tool steel hardened by air cooling from 845 °C (1550 °F) and double tempering for 2 h at 175 °C (350 °F). Approximate hardness, 60 HRC. Data from Universal-Cyclops Steel Corp. More
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Published: 01 November 2011
Fig. 1.7 25Cr-1Mo steel plate, single-pass electron beam weld. Macrostructure shows high depth-to-width ratio of the fusion zone, which is typical of high-energy-density welding processes. Source: Ref 1.3 More
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Published: 01 March 2006
Fig. 11.75 Fatigue curves for smooth rotating beam specimens of steel 45 tested in air and in 3% NaCl solution before and after nitriding. Source: Ref 11.81 More
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Published: 01 March 2006
Fig. 11.76 Fatigue curves for notched rotating beam specimens of steel 45 tested in air and in 3% NaCl solution before and after nitriding. Source: Ref 11.81 More
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 May 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hma.t59250219
EISBN: 978-1-62708-287-7
... Abstract This chapter discusses the rise of steel minimills in the late 1960s through the leadership of F. Kenneth Iverson and Gerald Heffernan. The discussion covers the development of processes for flat products, flanged beams, and railroad rails. The chapter also covers the growth...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hss.t52790101
EISBN: 978-1-62708-356-0
... with the introduction of mass-produced, long, wrought iron and steel beams and reliable elevators. Until 1888, buildings and other tall structures were built by piling stone on stone or brick on brick. The iron and steel beams were not only long, but they were also strong enough for structural support at greater...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.t68350087
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
... properties of the steel or cast iron component. In this section, surface hardening is limited to localized heat treating processes that produce a hard quenched surface without introducing additional alloying species. This approach consists of hardening the surface by flame, induction, laser-beam, or electron...
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Published: 01 August 2005
-strength steel. Source: Ref 4.28 . (c) 7000 series aluminum alloys, double cantilever beam specimens, 25 mm (0.1 in.) thick, short-transverse orientation of die forging, long-transverse orientation of hand forging and plate. Specimens were subjected to alternate immersion tests in 3.5% NaCl solution, 23 More
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.jub.t53290079
EISBN: 978-1-62708-306-5
..., joining of metals. The largest single use of high-frequency welding is in the manufacture of tube and pipe. Materials that can be successfully high-frequency welded into tube and pipe include carbon steels, stainless steels, aluminum, copper, brass, and titanium. 4.6 Electron Beam Welding Electron...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ts5.t65900305
EISBN: 978-1-62708-358-4
... Abstract Surface modification technologies improve the performance of tool steels. This chapter discusses the processes involved in oxide coatings, nitriding, ion implantation, chemical and physical vapor deposition processing, salt bath coating, laser and electron beam surface modification...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220085
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
... using the technique known as electron backscattering diffraction (EBSD). Some additional examples are given in Chapter 12, “Mechanical Work of Steels: Cold Working,” in this book.) 6.1.3 X-Rays The interaction of an electron beam with a sample also generates radiation in the wavelength of x...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410551
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
...-density surface modifications to steels. Included are descriptions of plasma nitriding, plasma carburizing, ion implantation and mixing, physical vapor-deposition techniques, chemical vapor deposition, and transformation hardening and melting by laser and electron beams. Introduction Surface...
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Published: 01 March 2002
lattice. This particular pattern indicates that the grain is orientated with a cube face perpendicular to the primary beam. Courtesy of K.A. Taylor, Bethlehem Steel Corporation More
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Published: 01 August 2018
Fig. 8.73 (a) Oxide inclusion in as-cast steel. The sperical shape of the inclusion may indicate that it precipitated in the liquid state of the steel. SEM, SE. (b) EDS spectrum from the nonmetallic inclusion. The calculated quantitative analysis from the EDS data is listed on the right More
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720321
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
... Abstract This chapter focuses on the inspection of steel bars for the detection and evaluation of flaws. The principles involved also apply, for the most part, to the inspection of steel wire. The nondestructive inspection methods discussed include magnetic particle inspection, liquid penetrant...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mgppis.t60400149
EISBN: 978-1-62708-258-7
... is the primary beam, and the surrounding spots are the diffracted beams, each representing a different crystallographic plane in the iron lattice. This particular pattern indicates that the grain is orientated with a cube face perpendicular to the primary beam. Courtesy of K.A. Taylor, Bethlehem Steel...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090359
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... Abstract This chapter describes how ultrasonic testing came to be a viable method for evaluating intergranular stress-corrosion cracking (SCC) in large-diameter stainless steel pipe welds in boiling water reactor service. Intergranular SCC can be difficult to detect using nondestructive...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sch6.t68200144
EISBN: 978-1-62708-354-6
... characteristics (S-N curves) for cast and wrought 8600 series steels, quenched and tempered to the same hardness, both notched and unnotched (19) . R.R. Moore rotating beam tests, K t = 2.2 Redesign from Fabrication Design Recommendations The results of the preceding section on testing materials...