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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300227
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
...Abstract Abstract This chapter covers the tribological properties of stainless steel and other corrosion-resistant alloys. It describes the metallurgy and microstructure of the basic types of stainless steel and their suitability for friction and wear applications and in environments where...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cw.t51820013
EISBN: 978-1-62708-339-3
...Carbon steels classified according to carbon content Table 1 Carbon steels classified according to carbon content Carbon, % Low-carbon steel Mild steel Medium-carbon steel High-carbon steel Ref ≤0.15 0.15–0.30 0.30–0.50 0.50–1.00 1 ≤0.15 0.15–0.35 0.35–0.60 0.60...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310029
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
... (a) Pearlite 11.916 Austenite 11.401 + 0.329 C (a) Martensite 11.789 + 0.370 C (a) (a) Carbon percent. Source: Ref 2 Definitions of critical transformation temperatures in steel Table 6 Definitions of critical transformation temperatures in steel Ae 1 The critical...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310055
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
...) 0.40 Induction hardening Simple shapes 0.50 Complex shapes 0.33 Approximate transformation temperatures of low-alloy steels Table 1 Approximate transformation temperatures of low-alloy steels Grade Transformation point, °C (°F) Heating (a) Cooling (b) AISI UNS...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310163
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
...Austenitizing temperatures for direct hardening carbon and alloy steels Table 1 Austenitizing temperatures for direct hardening carbon and alloy steels Steel, AISI, SAE UNS number Temperature °C °F Carbon steels 1025 G10250 860–900 1575–1650 1026 G10260 860–885...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
...Abstract Abstract This chapter discusses the engineering significance of steel and briefly describes its chemical composition, crystal structure, Fe-C phases, and associated characterization techniques. steel Humankind has used iron products since at least 1200 B.C. Even though iron...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220519
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
... Fig. 15.16 Ni-P layer deposited by chemical process on the surface of a part of F6NM stainless steel (see Chapter 16, “Stainless Steels,” in this book) (a) and (b). This coating is deposited for surface protection and to avoid scratches or other superficial damage that may interfere...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 May 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hma.t59250025
EISBN: 978-1-62708-287-7
...Abstract Abstract This chapter focuses on the evolution of steel production from 1870 to 1900. It begins with a review of the life of the inventor of the air-boiling process, William Kelly. This is followed by a discussion on how Bessemer's air-blowing process entered the steel production...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 May 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hma.t59250093
EISBN: 978-1-62708-287-7
...Abstract Abstract This chapter discusses the development of stainless steel. It begins with some information on the discovery of stainless steel. This is followed by a discussion on the most important patents issued for stainless steel. Applications of stainless steel beyond their original use...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030089
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
...Compositions of carbon steel base metals and some filler metals subject to galvanic corrosion Table 1 Compositions of carbon steel base metals and some filler metals subject to galvanic corrosion See Tables 3 and 4 for corrosion rates of galvanic couples. Metal Composition, wt% C...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030096
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... 2.95 0.07 0.13 3.25 mm (0.127 in.) diam covered electrode 0.020 1.01 0.82 0.024 0.011 23.1 10.4 3.06 … 0.13 4.0 mm (0.16 in.) diam covered electrode 0.016 0.94 0.78 0.015 0.011 23.0 10.5 3.13 … 0.11 Amounts of principal alloying elements in stainless steels tested...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
... This chapter provides perspective on the physical dimensions associated with the microstructure of steel and the instruments that reveal grain size, morphology, phase distributions, crystal defects, and chemical composition, from which properties and behaviors derive. The chapter also reviews...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410009
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
... discovered many phases and microstructures associated with steel and gave them their now familiar names. The chapter concludes with a brief discussion on the emergence of continuous casting and the subsequent development of strip casting production techniques. steel steelmaking STEEL, a workable...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ahsssta.t53700023
EISBN: 978-1-62708-279-2
...Abstract Abstract This chapter discusses the compositions, metallurgical phases, microstructure, heat treatment, grades, and structure-property relationships of steels. In addition, it describes the mechanisms involved in deformation, strengthening, and annealing of steels. chemical...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ahsssta.t53700263
EISBN: 978-1-62708-279-2
...Abstract Abstract This chapter focuses on key requirements for obtaining third-generation advanced high-strength steels (AHSS). The discussion covers the microstructure design for AHSS, novel AHSS processing routes, the development of nanostructured AHSS, and the development of third-generation...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720321
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
...Abstract Abstract This chapter focuses on the inspection of steel bars for the detection and evaluation of flaws. The principles involved also apply, for the most part, to the inspection of steel wire. The nondestructive inspection methods discussed include magnetic particle inspection, liquid...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060175
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
...Composition of selected carbon steels in the UNS (SAE) system Table 8.3 Composition of selected carbon steels in the UNS (SAE) system UNS No. SAE No. Composition, wt%(a) C Mn P S Other G10060 1006 0.08 0.45 0.040 0.050 … G10100 1010 0.08–0.13 0.30–0.60 0.040...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060465
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
...Abstract Abstract This appendix includes tables and figures that provide approximate Brinell equivalent hardness numbers for steels. Brinell equivalent hardness number steel HARDNESS CONVERSIONS ( Fig. A3.1 and Table A3.1 ) are empirical relationships limited to specific...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130043
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
...Abstract Abstract This chapter provides an overview of the possible mechanisms of failure for heat treated steel components and discusses the techniques for examining fractures, ductile and brittle failures, intergranular failure mechanisms, and fatigue. It begins with a description...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130087
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
...Abstract Abstract This chapter reviews various ways to classify failure categories and summarizes the basic types, causes, and mechanisms of damage, with particular consideration given to whether the likelihood of the types of damage can or cannot be influenced by the heat treating of steel...