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Steam turbines

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.dmlahtc.t60490265
EISBN: 978-1-62708-340-9
...Damage locations, causes, and remedies for steam turbine components (<xref ref-type="bibr" rid="t60490265-ref6">Ref 6</xref>) Table 6.1. Damage locations, causes, and remedies for steam turbine components ( Ref 6 ) Component Position Cause of life exhaustion Time of remedial action...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.dmlahtc.t60490383
EISBN: 978-1-62708-340-9
..., reheaters, turbine forgings, and casings needed. II 34.5 5000 650/595/595 1200/1100/1100 Significant research and development needed on austenitic rotor forgings and coal-ash-corrosion-resistant boiler tubing. Full-size test facilities needed. (a) Temperatures given are for main steam...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430017
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... role to play in governing the overall global economy. 2.2 How a Conventional or Subcritical Thermal Power Plant Functions The fossil fuel employed in a steam turbine plant can be pulverized coal (PC), oil, or natural gas. Of all these, coal is most abundant and is widely used as a fuel for steam...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.dmlahtc.t60490001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-340-9
... field containing conducting wires (stator), as shown schematically in Fig. 1.1 ( Ref 3 ). Rotation of the shaft is achieved by coupling it to a turbine in which the kinetic energy of a moving fluid is converted into mechanical energy of rotation. The working fluid can be wind, water, steam...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... turbines and diesel engines, or from hot exhaust air from industrial processes, to produce hot water or steam. Waste heat recovery boilers are generally conventional watertube boilers. Here, the heat from the hot exhaust gases from gas turbines or any industrial process equipment is recovered by passing...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.dmlahtc.9781627083409
EISBN: 978-1-62708-340-9
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cw.t51820115
EISBN: 978-1-62708-339-3
...) in continuous service. Scaling becomes excessive above approximately 760 °C (1400 °F) in intermittent service. Aircraft and missile components, steam turbine blades, valve parts, and fasteners S41400 S41400 is resistant to the corrosive action of the atmosphere, fresh water, and various alkalis and mild...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.9781627082532
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.stg2.t61280001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-267-9
... of alloys have been invented and studied; many have been patented. However, the many alloys have been winnowed down over the years; only a few are extensively used. Alloy use is a function of industry (gas turbines, steam turbines, etc.). Not all alloys can be mentioned; examples of older and newer alloys...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fec.t65940451
EISBN: 978-1-62708-302-7
... for Determining Corrosivity of Adhesive Materials • D 3316, Test Method for Stability of Perchloroethylene with Copper • D 3482, Practice for Determining Electrolytic Corrosion of Copper by Adhesives • D 3603, Test Method for Rust-Preventing Characteristics of Steam Turbine Oil in the Presence...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.uhcf3.t53630237
EISBN: 978-1-62708-270-9
..., oxidation, distortion, and combinations of these as modified by environment. Elevated-temperature problems are real concerns in industrial applications such as boilers, steam and gas turbine parts, containers in contact with molten metal, heat-treating furnaces and equipment, cement mills, incinerators...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270005
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
... inadvertently in the original design itself or in any modification carried out during service. Failures of several machine components attributed to faulty design are illustrated in the following examples. Example: Deficiency in the Original Design: Failure of a Steam Turbine Example: Deficiency in Ad Hoc...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.dmlahtc.t60490111
EISBN: 978-1-62708-340-9
... Engineers , New York , 1982 101. Bartoloni G. and Ragazzoni G. , Low Cycle Fatigue of 1CrMoV Steam Turbine Rotor Steel , in Creep and Fracture of Engineering Materials and Structures , Proceedings of Second International Conference , Pineridge Press , London , p 1029 - 1042 102...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.dmlahtc.t60490021
EISBN: 978-1-62708-340-9
... and to application of the K Ic concept itself for analyzing the integrity of structures. Let us consider both of these aspects in relation to the turbine rotor and a steam pipe. For typical rotor steels, yield strength ranges from 620 to 760 MPa (90 to 110 ksi) and K Ic values range from 55 to MPa m...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030117
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
..., ship propellers, hydrodynamic bearings, fluid seals, inlets to heat-exchanger tubes, diesel engine wet cylinder liners, hydrofoils, liquid metal power plants, and steam turbines. Cavitation occurs in diesel engine main bearings and wrist pin bearings. Two sources have been identified in diesel bearings...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.caaa.t67870085
EISBN: 978-1-62708-299-0
... that are moving much more slowly. Almost all the work done on this subject has been in connection with just two major problems: “moisture erosion” of low-pressure steam turbine blades operating with wet steam, and “rain erosion” of aircraft or missile surfaces and helicopter rotors. Wet steam erosion-corrosion...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ttg2.t61120345
EISBN: 978-1-62708-269-3
... , Materials and Processes—Continuing Innovations , Vol 28 , SAMPE , Anaheim, CA , 1983 , p 1223 – 1230 • Rust T.M. et al. , Operating Experience with Titanium Steam Turbine Blades , Met. Prog. , Vol 116 , July 1979 , p 62 – 66 • Rust T.M. and Steltz W.G. , Titanium...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430379
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... to their volatilization, the chemicals are carried through the boiler into the steam and are condensed on turbine and condenser surfaces, thus providing protection. All volatile treatment also combats corrosion by keeping the dissolved oxygen in feed and boiler water close to zero and keeping the pH under control...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430087
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
..., drum-type boilers are used, and the separated steam is subsequently superheated in the SH and RH before it is fed to the turbine. Contrary to this, in once-through boilers used in SC and USC or A-USC technologies, there is a single-phase fluid (i.e., dry steam) with homogeneous properties that does...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270031
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
..., and extent of microdamage can also be assessed ( Ref 2 ). The technique has been successfully used to monitor the condition of power plant components such as main steam pipe weldments; turbine-generator rotors; steam turbine disks; steam control valves; headers; piping; heat exchangers; and chemical...