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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430379
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... accelerate the damage. When the boiler is in standby mode: Corrosion occurs when water containing oxygen comes in contact with a metal surface during idle periods. Such corrosion mainly occurs by oxygen pitting. Corrosion of steam lines and condensate return lines occurs because of a low pH...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430017
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... for production of steam for power generation. A boiler is a rectangular furnace typically about 15 m (50 ft.) on a side and 40 m (130 ft.) tall. Its walls are lined with a network or web of HP steel tubes known as waterwalls or waterwall tubes, filled with water and about 55 to 65 mm (2 to 2.5 in.) in diameter...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430314
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
.... It discusses the erosive effect of blowing soot, steam, and fly ash as well as coal particle impingement and falling slag. It also includes several case studies. boiler tubes coal-particle impingement falling slag fire-side erosion fly ash attack soot blowing steam cutting action Erosion...
Image
Published: 01 December 1989
Fig. 6.39. Crack locations in first-stage nozzle area of a steam-turbine casing ( Ref 83 ). Cracks at various locations ore indicated by wiggly lines. More
Image
Published: 01 January 2000
Fig. 24 NACE caustic soda chart superimposed over the data on which it is based (MTI Publication No. 15, 1985). Area A, carbon steel, no stress relief necessary; stress-relieved welded steam-traced lines. Area B, carbon steel; stress-relieved welds and bends. Area C, application of nickel More
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
.../Unit-2-58.pdf 1.3 Teir S. , Modern Boiler Types and Applications , Steam Boiler Technology , Helsinki University of Technology , Espoo , 2002 1.4 Singh V. , Boiler Technologies Existing and Emerging Trends , Power Line , Vol 8 ( No. 3 ), December 2003 1.5...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.9781627082532
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130395
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
... for densification and dimensional correction, followed by finishing operations. The finishing operations include machining, case and through hardening, steam treatment, and so on (Ref 1) . This chapter reviews failure aspects of structural ferrous PM parts, which form the bulk of the PM industry. Focus...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.dmlahtc.t60490183
EISBN: 978-1-62708-340-9
... ). Fig. 5.43. Preliminary issues and level I and level II assessments of superheater outlet headers ( Ref 76 ). Fig. 5.44. Level III assessment of superheater outlet headers ( Ref 76 ). Fig. 5.45. Road map for steam-pipe assessment ( Ref 16 ). Fig. 5.28. Empirical...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.dmlahtc.t60490265
EISBN: 978-1-62708-340-9
...Damage locations, causes, and remedies for steam turbine components (<xref ref-type="bibr" rid="t60490265-ref6">Ref 6</xref>) Table 6.1. Damage locations, causes, and remedies for steam turbine components ( Ref 6 ) Component Position Cause of life exhaustion Time of remedial action...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080335
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
... ). The guidelines for solid waste combustion introduced by the European authorities require that the temperature should be above 850 °C (1560 °F) for a 2 s residence time at the level 1 m above the secondary or tertiary air ( Ref 6 ). The MSW boilers operate at much lower steam pressures and temperatures compared...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.dmlahtc.t60490383
EISBN: 978-1-62708-340-9
...Steam conditions for coal-fired plants in EPRI program phases 0, I, and II (based on <xref ref-type="bibr" rid="t60490383-ref10">Ref 10</xref>) Table 8.1. Steam conditions for coal-fired plants in EPRI program phases 0, I, and II (based on Ref 10 ) Program phase Pressure Temperature...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130503
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
...-corrosion cracking continues. Example 9: Stress-Corrosion Cracking of a Weld After 30 years in service, a low-pressure steam supply line developed a reoccurring cracking problem in a circumferential butt weld. The weld was on a 25 cm (10 in.) supply line that carried 0.4 MPa (55 psig), 205 °C (400 °F...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hss.t52790193
EISBN: 978-1-62708-356-0
... Architecture Other Food-Handling Applications DeLorean All-Stainless Steel Car Aircraft RB-1 Conestoga Cargo Plane Jet Engines Concorde Automobiles Ford Motor Company Rolls-Royce Motor Cars Trains Steam Locomotives First Stainless Steel Automobiles Passenger and Commuter...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430107
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... are often prone to steam-side decarburization due to interaction between carbon from the steel and steam that forms carbon monoxide and hydrogen. The decarburization reaction occurs on the inside diameter (ID) surface of the tube such that the carbon from the interior of the tube diffuses to the surface...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110447
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... Aging Oxide (Å SiO 2 eq.) by AES Solderability test: failed units out of 20 Memory 119 PBGA 1996 SnPbAg MSL Bake 20 0 Steam Age 70 0 Automotive Microcontroller 272 PBGA 2003 SnPbAg MSL Bake 20 0 Steam Age 30 0 Network Processor 516 PBGA 2003 SAC387 MSL Bake 20 0...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pnfn.t65900231
EISBN: 978-1-62708-350-8
... Oxynitrocarburizing This process is simply an addendum at the end of the ferritic nitrocarburizing procedure. Oxynitrocarburizing involves introducing oxygen—in the form of steam, oxygen, or nitrous oxide—in a controlled manner into the process chamber. The process gas must be carefully selected. Steam may...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cw.t51820077
EISBN: 978-1-62708-339-3
... at the fusion line. Source: Ref 23 Improper PWHT can, however, lead to corrosion failures. Example 2 describes failure of type 430 tube-to-header welds that failed in a heat recovery steam generator because of problems associated with PWHT. Example 1: Leaking Welds in a Ferritic Stainless Steel...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430204
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... Abstract This chapter discusses the effects of corrosion on boiler tube surfaces exposed to water and steam. It describes the process of corrosion, the formation of scale, and the oxides of iron from which it forms. It addresses the primary types of corrosion found in boiler environments...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.dmlahtc.9781627083409
EISBN: 978-1-62708-340-9