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Steam electric power generation

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430017
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... thermal power plant. Such a plant works on the principle of conversion of chemical energy of the coal into electrical energy. In such units, the electricity is generated by burning of coal to produce steam by boiling water. The steam so produced is expanded through a turbine, which runs a generator...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... Abstract Boilers are engineered systems designed to convert the chemical energy in fuel into heat to generate hot water or steam. This chapter describes boiler applications and types, including firetube boilers, watertube boilers, electric boilers, packaged boilers, fluidized bed combustion...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.dmlahtc.t60490001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-340-9
... in other countries. In any event, the fossil-fuel power plant is and will continue to be the mainstay of electric power production. The fossil fuel can be employed to make steam to drive a steam turbine, or, alternatively, the combustion gases under high pressure can be used to drive a combustion turbine...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.dmlahtc.t60490383
EISBN: 978-1-62708-340-9
... with advanced steam plants and their respective solutions. The discussion covers the selection of materials on a component-specific basis for boilers as well as steam turbines. boilers material selection steam turbines General Requirements Increasing the efficiency of power plants can result...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.dmlahtc.t60490265
EISBN: 978-1-62708-340-9
... materials and designs with improved thermal fatigue resistance. This chapter will review the material-property requirements, damage mechanisms, and damage-assessment procedures for the key components of the steam turbine. Damage mechanisms and the general principles of remaining-life assessment for steam...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430376
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... 122 – 127 6.13 Bain D. and Christophersen D. , Some Common Mechanisms Leading to Failures in Heat Recovery Steam Generators , Corrosion 2003 , NACE International , March 2003 , p 185 – 213 6.14 Dooley R.B. and Bursik A. , Caustic Gouging , Power Point...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.dmlahtc.t60490183
EISBN: 978-1-62708-340-9
... mechanics and presents a number of cases in which life assessments are made based on the integration of several methods. boiler tubes Cr-Mo steel crack initiation life assessment metallography steam pipes General Description The function of a boiler is to convert water into superheated...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430087
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... (USC), and advanced ultra-supercritical (A-USC), differing from one another in terms of the maximum operating steam temperature and pressure and the power generation capacity of the plant. As one moves from subcritical to A-USC, materials with enhanced stability at higher and higher temperatures...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.9781627082532
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.dmlahtc.9781627083409
EISBN: 978-1-62708-340-9
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pht2.t51440055
EISBN: 978-1-62708-262-4
... if not handled properly. Water is inexpensive and is a very effective quenching medium. However, it is susceptible to formation of steam pockets that may result in soft spots on the quenched workpieces. This is particularly likely if the temperature of the quenching system is not closely controlled...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cw.t51820077
EISBN: 978-1-62708-339-3
... in the HRSG low-pressure feedwater economizer. Heat-Recovery Steam Generator Design An HRSG generates steam from the heat of exhaust gases from a combustion turbine (CT). The steam produced in the HRSG is sent either to a steam turbine (ST) to produce electricity and/or to be used in another process...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080259
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
... furnaces erosion-corrosion fluidized-bed boilers furnace waterwalls thermal fatigue cracking 10.1 Introduction A coal-fired electric power generating station is a highly complex plant. A major piece of the equipment in the power plant is the boiler, which generates steam that is then delivered...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080335
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
... the steam drum where steam is separated from water. The furnace waterwall typically operates with water at a saturation temperature. Thus, the temperature of the water/steam in the waterwall tubes, which depends on the pressure of the water/steam, is generally at or below 277 °C (530 °F) ( Ref 14...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080321
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
... of molten vanadate compounds in the ash deposits formed on superheaters or reheaters in boilers, European practice in general has limited the steam temperatures to 540 °C (1000 °F) ( Ref 15 ). This steam-outlet temperature limit implies that the outer tube metal temperature is not greater than 580 °C (1080...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pnfn.t65900231
EISBN: 978-1-62708-350-8
.... Oxynitrocarburizing involves introducing oxygen—in the form of steam, oxygen, or nitrous oxide—in a controlled manner into the process chamber. The process gas must be carefully selected. Steam may cause problems with electrical equipment such as power feedthroughs and control systems. Nitrous oxide or oxygen...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430409
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... of contact with the water used for steam generation. High-pressure parts such as superheater and reheater tubes are prone to creep damage because of acting or residual stresses at elevated temperatures. The starting and stopping of the boiler results in cyclic stresses and failure due to fatigue. All...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2024
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtpp.t59380039
EISBN: 978-1-62708-456-7
... with a catalyst within the generator to convert CO to CO 2 , which is then removed 25 and 26: Addition of steam in conjunction with a catalyst within the generator to convert CH 4 to H 2 and CO 2 , which are then removed This classification system provides for numerous possibilities. In practice, only...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090349
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... and Stress Corrosion Cracking Testing , Predictive Methods for Assessing Corrosion Damage to BWR Piping and PWR Steam Generator Proceedings , National Association of Corrosion Engineers , 1982 15.7 Measurement of Residual Stresses in Type-304 Stainless Steel Piping Butt Weldments, EPRI NP-1413...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.caaa.t67870075
EISBN: 978-1-62708-299-0
... amalgamation, once initiated, continues to propagate unless the mercury can be removed. If an aluminum surface has become contaminated with mercury, the mercury can be removed by treatment with 70% nitric acid (HNO 3 ) or by evaporation in steam or hot air ( Ref 32 ). It is difficult to determine the safe...