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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfw.t52860007
EISBN: 978-1-62708-338-6
... by the new winding machines also greatly improved the efficiency of filament winding. A McClean Anderson three-spindle winder is shown in Fig. 2.4 . The new winding machines that used these computer controls were still manufacturing parts one by one with little automation. The operators would load a single...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfub.t53740213
EISBN: 978-1-62708-308-9
... × f m 1000 ) ( Q = π D d 2 4000 × f m ) ( Q = w × d t × V c ) Horsepower required at spindle (a) (Power required at spindle (a) ) hp s = Q × P hp s = Q × P hp s = Q × P … ( kW s = Q × P ) ( kW s...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smfpa.t53500249
EISBN: 978-1-62708-317-1
... Spinning Figure 12.2 shows the components of a spinning machine as well as a typical process sequence. A blank (1) is clamped between the tail stock (2) and a mandrel (3). The mandrel must be manufactured to have the shape of the desired part and rotates with the main spindle. The forming tool...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.piht2.t55050215
EISBN: 978-1-62708-311-9
... before induction hardening is optimum. Source: Ref 1 Example 1 for higher productivity Table 11.9 Example 1 for higher productivity Induction process Power supply Seconds Comments Scan (two parts) 200 kW, 10 kHz with dual-spindle scanner Load 6 … Position 2 … Heat...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpmpa.t54480293
EISBN: 978-1-62708-318-8
... of rotating elements; true-running spindles; snug bearings, slides, and screws; sturdy frames; wide ranges of speed and feed; and ample power to maintain speed throughout cutting. Undersized and underpowered machines should be avoided. Certain locations of machines near or adjacent to heavy aisle traffic also...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.piht2.t55050057
EISBN: 978-1-62708-311-9
.... 4.9 Dual-spindle scanner with coils. Source: Ref 2 Fig. 4.27 Curved channel coil with concentrators. Source: Ref 12 Fig. 4.28 Multiturn channel coil. Source: Ref 12 Fig. 4.33 Two-turn pancake coil. Source: Ref 12 Fig. 4.34 Butterfly coil. Source: Ref...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sch6.t68200007
EISBN: 978-1-62708-354-6
... axle spindle for a dump truck, Figure 2-20 , is produced from low alloy cast steel which is heat treated to a minimum tensile strength of 100 ksi (689 MPa). Figures 2-21 and 2-22 show a rear axle brake spider and a brake shoe casting for heavy-duty trucks. Fig. 2-20 Front axle spindle...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.piht2.t55050191
EISBN: 978-1-62708-311-9
... and carries the hot pins to one of three quench spindles. The dual grip enables the previously quenched pin to be removed from centers, with the hot pin then placed into the centers. The pin is rotated and quenched uniformly with a polymer quenchant. During quenching the gantry moves back to pick up the next...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfw.9781627083386
EISBN: 978-1-62708-338-6
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230339
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
... a small amount of metal with each revolution of the spindle. Since both workpiece and cutter can be moved independently in more than one direction at the same time, surfaces having almost any orientation can be machined. Relatively small chips are formed, with variations in thickness within each chip...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.piht2.t55050173
EISBN: 978-1-62708-311-9
... in the quench water. Sometimes enough residual heat can be left in the parts that any remaining water evaporates. Under continuous conditions, air blasts may remove the water. Rotating spindles with workpieces can have a rotation speed high enough to spin off the water. Polymer quenches present a different...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.gmpm.t51250089
EISBN: 978-1-62708-345-4
... the use of milling cutters or hobs (notably, for cluster gears), and shaping is the most practical method for cutting the teeth. Gear shaping is a generating process that uses a toothed disk cutter mounted on a spindle that moves in axial strokes as it rotates. The workpiece is carried on a second...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfub.t53740103
EISBN: 978-1-62708-308-9
... for rotary swaging. (a) The standard rotary swager is a mechanical hammer that delivers blows (impact swaging) at high frequency, thus changing the shape of a workpiece by metal flow. This machine is used for straight reducing of stock diameter or for tapering round workpieces. (b) With stationary-spindle...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030235
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... are summarized in Table 3 . Each factor plays a unique yet not always unrelated role with other factors ( Ref 26 ). For example, localized corrosion damage adjacent to the spindle support of a stainless steel paddle stirrer ( Fig. 3 ) resulted not only from crevice corrosion (oxygen differential cell) but also...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfub.t53740325
EISBN: 978-1-62708-308-9
... Electroless Nickel Plating Electroless Copper Plating Copper Plating Industrial Hard Chromium Plating Decorative Chromium Plating Nickel Plating Cadmium Plating Zinc Plating Tin Plating Polishing Buffing Barrel Finishing Vibratory Finishing Spindle Finishing...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfw.t52860019
EISBN: 978-1-62708-338-6
... on the relative size of the vessel and the available friction. After all, every correction in the spindle rotation of the winding machine will induce a deviation from the geodesic path. As a rule of thumb, the angular difference should not be more than 0.5°. The next step is to determine a range of feasible...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ttg2.t61120079
EISBN: 978-1-62708-269-3
... Titanium alloys 250–375 1.2 1.1 1.1 High-temperature nickel and cobalt-base alloys 200–360 2.5 2.0 2.0 Aluminum alloys 30–150 (500 kg) 0.25 0.16 0.32 (a) Power requirements at spindle drive motor, corrected to 80% spindle drive efficiency. Dull tools may require 25% more power. HSS...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.piht2.t55050155
EISBN: 978-1-62708-311-9
...-hardened effective case depth of 2.54 mm (0.100 in.) to 40 HRC. Source: Ref 6 Fig. 7.9 Bending fatigue life of actual SE 15B35 induction-hardened spindles vs. the induction power setting. Source: Ref 6 Abstract Abstract Induction hardened steels are often tempered to increase...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sch6.t68200144
EISBN: 978-1-62708-354-6
.... The casting design has far greater sales appeal, and cost savings of 33% were also realized by this conversion. This redesign also permitted the spindle and ears to be welded to the casting, a further advantage considering that the spindle and ears were welded on one side of the right wheel support...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pnfn.t65900193
EISBN: 978-1-62708-350-8
... resisted scuffing and exhibited excellent resistance to frictional wear problems. The process was a great success with high-speed spindles and high-speed cutting tools. It did, however, require careful salt bath analysis on a daily basis ( Ref 1 ). Another challenge of the process was that the salt...