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Spalling wear

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ffub.t53610461
EISBN: 978-1-62708-303-4
..., surface-origin fatigue, subcase-origin fatigue (spalling fatigue), and cavitation fatigue. abrasive wear adhesive wear cavitation fatigue contact-stress fatigue erosion-corrosion erosive wear fretting wear gouging grinding WEAR IS USUALLY DEFINED as the undesired removal of material...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300079
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
... erosion, and major types of wear, including abrasive, adhesive, lubricated, rolling, and impact wear. It also covers special cases such as galling, fretting, scuffing, and spalling and introduces the concepts of tribocorrosion and biotribology. References References 1. Banks B.A. et al...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cmp.t66770135
EISBN: 978-1-62708-337-9
... Surface pitting Subsurface pitting/spalling Case crushing Location of origin Surface, often at micropits Short distance below surface may be at nonmetallics Probably at case-core interface Appearance Shallow Shallow Deep ridged Initial size Small Small Large Initial area-depth...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060385
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
...Abstract Abstract Durability is a generic term used to describe the performance of a material or a component made from that material in a given application. In order to be durable, a material must resist failure by wear, corrosion, fracture, fatigue, deformation, and exposure to a range...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300199
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
... pearlite (black) in the ferrite (white); (c) 1080 steel: the microstructure is almost entirely pearlite; (d) hardened 1080 steel: the microstructure is 100% martensite. Fig. 8.6 Railroad track spalling from rolling wear and surface fatigue Fig. 8.7 Three-body abrasion characteristics...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300335
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
... oxyfuel; PAS, plasma arc spraying; EB, electron beam; SMAW, shielded metal arc welding; OAW, oxyacetylene welding Fig. 12.6 Two-body abrasion wear rates of various roller surfaces subjected to abrasion by silica-coated tape, where * indicates not age hardened. PVD, physical vapor deposition; TS...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240395
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... titanium carbide coatings boronizing THERE ARE SOME APPLICATIONS where it is necessary to have a hard, wear-resistant surface but a tough, shock-resistant inner core. For example, cams, gears, and shafts require hard surfaces to resist wear but tough inner cores to resist shock. While a low-carbon...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.uhcf3.t53630189
EISBN: 978-1-62708-270-9
...Abstract Abstract The wear caused by contact stress fatigue is the result of a wide variety of mechanical forces and environments. This chapter discusses the characteristics of four types of contact stress fatigue on mating metal surfaces: surface, subsurface, subcase, and cavitation. Features...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.9781627083232
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030025
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... (around 20 wt% for iron-chromium alloy at 1000 °C, or 1832 °F, according to Fig. 6 ). The more likely the service conditions are to cause repeated loss of the protective oxide scale through spalling, erosion, wear, or mechanical stresses, the greater the reservoir of scale-forming element required...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.uhcf3.9781627082709
EISBN: 978-1-62708-270-9
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300271
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
... of research to find a chromium that resists spalling under Hertzian fatigue-loading conditions. Thus, thin dense chromium (TDC)-plated 52100 was offered as an improvement to 52100 steel rolling-element bearings for chemical service. Of course, chromium can eventually wear through, so work continued on solid...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.t68350183
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
... nickel-phosphorus plating, ferritic nitrocarburizing, sulfurizing, and spark hardening Fig. 16 Compares the wear, scuffing, and spalling resistance of sheet-metal dies coated by the following surface-hardening processes: uncoated, nitrided, borided, nitrogen ion implanted, chrome plated, sulfurized...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.horfi.9781627082563
EISBN: 978-1-62708-256-3
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.9781627083157
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130177
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
... of a gradient that exhibits high hardness, brittleness, and strength in the surface and greater toughness and ductility in the softer core in order to provide optimal (Ref 2) : Wear resistance Resistance to scoring Bending and/or torsional fatigue strength Rolling-contact fatigue strength...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130311
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
.... Tool Steels , Steel Products Manual, Iron and Steel Society , April . 1988 3. Mesquita R.A. and Barbosa C.A. , Avaliação das Propriedades de Desgaste e Tenacidade em Aços para trabalho a Frio ( Evaluation of Wear and Toughness Properties of Cold Working Tool Steels ). Tecnol...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410315
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
... microstructure. The propagation of cracks to the surface of the rail and the associated spalling off of small slivers or flakes of the rail constituted the third stage of wear. This sequence of deformation and fracture is repeated many times to produce substantial rail wear. Kapoor has referred to the repeated...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780259
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... of material in the form of pitting, spalling, or flaking. Chemical or corrosive wear is found when chemical reactions occur along with mechanical wear. This form of wear may lead to a weight gain rather than a weight loss. This type of wear is less common for many polymeric materials (because...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cmp.t66770199
EISBN: 978-1-62708-337-9
... aluminum oxide. (a) I, wheel grade normally used; H, softer grade; M, harder grade. (b) Comparable with AG. Source: Ref 4 Effect of burnishing on relative wear Table 8.3 Effect of burnishing on relative wear Workpiece condition Burnishing pressure Relative wear, % MPa kgf/mm...