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Soft water

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Published: 01 January 1998
Fig. 17-17 Mottled appearance associated with soft spots on a water-hardening steel die More
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ems.t53730051
EISBN: 978-1-62708-283-9
... paths, and magnetostatic energy, vary based on the size of the domain. It also discusses the process of magnetization and compares and contrasts hard and soft magnetic materials. ferromagnetism hard magnetic materials magnetic behavior soft magnetic materials Ferromagnetism Magnetism...
Image
Published: 01 January 1998
Fig. 17-16 Cross section showing soft spots (white areas adjacent to dark areas) on surfaces of a water-hardening steel. Unmagnified photograph More
Image
Published: 30 November 2013
Fig. 8 Compression test of two steel cubes deep case hardened only on the top and bottom surfaces. A compressive force perpendicular to the case-hardened surfaces caused cracking (arrows) in the very hard (66 HRC) cases on both surfaces. The soft, ductile cores simply bulged under the compressive More
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030169
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... are coated with clear organic coating. The main virtues of an anodic film are its decorative appeal and the ease of cleaning. Anodizing is rarely the solution to a field corrosion problem. Boehmite Films The natural surface oxide film can be thickened by exposure to moving water, hot soft water...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310213
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... with a clean sponge, soft cloth, or soft-fiber brush, then rinse in clean water and dry. Satisfactory on most surfaces Fingerprints Detergent and warm water; alternatively, hydrocarbon solvent Proprietary spray-applied polishes available to clean and minimize re-marking Oil and grease marks...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aet.t68260149
EISBN: 978-1-62708-336-2
...Abstract Abstract This chapter discusses the extrusion characteristics of relatively soft aluminum alloys. It begins by identifying alloy designations within the class and the types of extrusions made from them. It then explains how extruded shapes and cross-sections are defined and how...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.omfrc.t53030043
EISBN: 978-1-62708-349-2
...) (foam) pad. This material is relatively soft, and through the application of pressure, the particles can grab the surface and result in both semifixed and free particles. Fig. 3.5 Schematic showing the grinding process. The abrasive is either adhered or mechanically locked into the surface...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300163
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
... Alloy Characteristics Cu + Ni Copper is mutually soluble in nickel, and copper/nickel alloys are usually soft and ductile; monels are copper/nickel alloys. Cu + Sn Copper tin alloys contain up to 20% tin. The tin strengthens the copper. There are many Cu/Sn alloys with minor additions...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tstap.t56040030
EISBN: 978-1-62708-428-4
... Nap cloth Water-base suspension 1 ╬╝m diamond 35 1-3 100 Modern preparation recipe for soft metallic thermal spray coatings. Sample size: 25 mm (1 in.) diameter Table 3 Modern preparation recipe for soft metallic thermal spray coatings. Sample size: 25 mm (1 in.) diameter Step...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.piht2.t55050263
EISBN: 978-1-62708-311-9
... permit transition products to form, producing localized soft spots. The vapor pockets produce small soft spots that can be determined by etching, hardness tests, or microstructural analysis. The remedy is to redesign and improve the quenching. Cold water quenches much faster than warm water; however...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230199
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
... with suitable oils for both polishing operations, thus avoiding water. A technique reported [ Udy et al. 1949 ] for preserving certain soft constituents, such as the magnesium-rich phase sometimes present in beryllium, consists of polishing the specimen in one operation on a high-speed wheel covered...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300179
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
... content at various temperatures. The phases that can be present under equilibrium conditions are: Ferrite: Soft and weak phase, essentially pure iron with a body-centered cubic (bcc) structure; iron atoms are at the corners of a cube and one is in the center of the cube. Pearlite: Harder than...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... mode consistency. This adds to the overall turnaround time for FA. Despite these disadvantages, soft docking has the advantage in decoupling tester vibrations. In general, a tester requires to be cooled and it can be accomplished by using an integrated fan or an external water chiller, both of which...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bpapp.t59290111
EISBN: 978-1-62708-319-5
... for shapes with undercuts, large areas, hard particles, or high length-to-diameter ratios. In the CIP process, agglomerated powder (formed by using powder-binder) is filled into soft, flexible tooling. The tooling is sealed to avoid leaks and then pressurized in a vessel filled with oil or water...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1984
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mpp.t67850060
EISBN: 978-1-62708-260-0
... in liquid nitrogen prior to breaking to obtain a flatter surface. Fracturing has also been used on other brittle materials such as carbides or ceramics. 2-3.2 Shearing Low-carbon sheet steel and other thin, reasonably soft materials can be cut to size by shearing. While little heat is generated...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pnfn.t65900167
EISBN: 978-1-62708-350-8
...-lubricated soft-nap polishing cloth. The rotational speed of the wheel should be approximately 400 to 450 rpm. Once the polishing is complete, rinse the polished sample under lukewarm running water, then rinse with alcohol. Examine the sample for possible surface staining and/or residual surface grease. Do...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.piht2.t55050317
EISBN: 978-1-62708-311-9
..., or a combination of both, silver solder is most commonly used to fasten the copper sections together. While there is some use of soft solder, it is not as good structurally and electrically because components are glued together. A heating source that is good to use for soldering is an oxygen-acetylene torch...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300227
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
... of this book), the austenite phase of steel does not exist at room temperature. However, when 8% or more of nickel is added to iron, and 18% Cr is added, the high-temperature austenite phase is present at room temperature. Like ferrite, it is a soft and ductile phase, but it can harden to make spring wire...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170614
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... strengthens the ferritic structure and enhances its machinability. The phosphorus content is not detrimental to the soft magnetic capability of the iron. Phosphorus Irons Phosphorus irons are produced by powder metallurgy (P/M) processing. Phosphorus is normally admixed with water-atomized iron powder...