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Sea water

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.horfi.t51180127
EISBN: 978-1-62708-256-3
... in the collision, water rushed to fill them, making the starboard side much heavier, and causing a list to starboard of 18 degrees and soon after, 22 degrees. A narrow tunnelway that led to a pump room containing valves for flooding the tanks with sea water for stability ran between the fuel tanks on the port...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910407
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... • Cathodic Protection of Offshore Platforms , NACE International , 1997 • Cathodic Protection of Production Platforms in Cold Sea Waters , NACE International , 1975 • Cathodic Protection of Tanks and Cargo Holds—Application and Inspection Manual , MARINTEK Sintef Group , 1996...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ems.t53730059
EISBN: 978-1-62708-283-9
... oxide forms on titanium, giving it excellent corrosion resistance. Its resistance to corrosion in saltwater is useful in power plants using salt water, in desalinization plants, and wherever sea-water corrosion is a problem. Because titanium is inert to human body fluids, it is an ideal metal...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230459
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
... R.A. , Meyers J.R. , and Saxer R.K. , 1967 . Stress Corrosion of Beryllium in Synthetic Sea Water , Corrosion , Vol 23 , p 11 – 14 Morana S.J. , 1967 . “ Surface Passivation Coating for Beryllium Metal ,” AFML-TR-67-329, Proc. 15th AFML Technical Conference on Corrosion...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310247
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... produces a 100-fold reduction in corrosion of steel in seawater and carbon dioxide ( Ref 1 ). Fig. 1 Influence of chromium on the corrosion rate of steel in environments experienced by oil country tubular goods. Test conditions: synthetic sea water; CO 2 partial pressure, 0.1 MPa; test temperature...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270113
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
.... The chapter provides several recommendations to avoid such failures in the future. cadmium plating chemical analysis elevator hinge pins fractography hydrogen embrittlement scanning electron microscopy SEM fractography In an aircraft that was retrieved from the sea, the hinge...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fec.t65940001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-302-7
... and nitrogen Stress-corrosion cracking (SCC) of gold and brass by mercury SCC and pitting of stainless steel in sea water The need to control corrosion almost always reduces to considerations of safety and economics. Machines, equipment, and functional products may fail due to corrosion...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpmpa.t54480353
EISBN: 978-1-62708-318-8
... developments, the wall thickness commonly used in this application has been reduced from 1.24 mm (0.049 in.) to 0.5 and 0.7 mm (0.020 and 0.028 in.). Currently, both titanium tubes and tube sheets are being used in this application, with not one failure due to corrosion of the titanium by sea, brackish...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030247
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... to 4 °C, or 35 to 40 °F) by the surrounding deep sea environment. This condition can involve precipitation of additional liquid water in the environment to contribute to corrosivity. Additionally, production pipelines and equipment in arctic regions routinely is designed to operate at –40 to –50 °C...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030062
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... of 25% Cr Duplex Stainless Steel Plates—Preliminary Studies, ” Technology Briefing 505/1995, TWI , April 1995 52. Wilms M.E. , Gadgh V.J. , Krougman J.M. , and Ijsseling F.P. , The Effect of σ-Phase Precipitation at 800 °C on the Corrosion Resistance in Sea-Water...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030045
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... aqueous environments, such as bays, estuaries, harbors, coastal and open ocean seawaters, as well as rivers, streams, lakes, and ponds. The same could be said for all manner of aqueous industrial fluids and waste waters. These organisms include many species of bacteria, algae, and fungi. In all...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cw.t51820043
EISBN: 978-1-62708-339-3
...). Such alloys are used in production of phosphoric acids (Sanicro 28 was specifically developed for phosphoric acid service), for handling sulfuric acid and many other acids, oil and gas production in sour wells, equipment for sea water, fluoride-bearing media, and equipment in sodium hydroxide plants...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.uhcf3.t53630211
EISBN: 978-1-62708-270-9
..., or under dirt and debris in the presence of moisture—frequently laden with salt from deicing or from sea air. When this corrosion reaches the exterior surface, it first stains the paint and eventually perforates the metal, leaving holes with which we are all too familiar. Painting the outside stain does...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030082
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
.../08927010009378434 41. Beccaria A.M. , Poggi G. , Traverso P. , and Ghiazza M. , A Study of the De-Alloying of 70Cu-30Ni Commercial Alloy in Sulfide Polluted and Unpolluted Sea Water , Corros. Sci. , Vol 32 , 1991 , p 1263 – 1275 10.1016/0010-938X(91)90137-E 42. Keir D.S...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060073
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... 2 CO 3 , (BiO) 2 CO 3 · H 2 O Fluorides CaF 2 Halides NaCl, KCl, AgCl, KCl · MgCl 2 · 6H 2 O, NaCl and MgCl 2 in sea water Native metals Cu, Ag, Au, As, Sb, Bi, Pt (Os, Ir, Pd), Mn (nodules on ocean floor) Oxides Al 2 O 3 , Fe 2 O 3 , Fe 3 O 4 , SnO 2 , MnO 2 , TiO 2 , FeO · Cr 2...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090095
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... (P or F) (P or F) AL-6XN F P P 254SMO F P P 20Mo-6 F P P AISI type 409 P (c) P P Type 439 P P P AISI type 444 P P P E-Brite P P P Sea-Cure F P P Monit F P P AL 29-4 P P P AL 29-4-2 F P P AL 29-4C P P P 3RE60 F NT (e) NT...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.horfi.t51180001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-256-3
... (36,000 ft). Less than two minutes later, fishermen off the islands of Elba in the Mediterranean saw flaming wreckage falling out of the clouds and into the sea. The last word from the ill-fated aircraft was a routine message to another BOAC flight, reporting on the height of the cloud cover. Whatever...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090271
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... of Monograph Review, Boeing Co., sponsored by the Advanced Research Projects Agency , ARPA Order No. 878 and NAS7-489, June 1970 10.23 Litvin D.A. and Hill B. , Effect of pH on Sea-Water Stress-Corrosion Cracking of Ti-7Al-2Cb-1Ta , Corrosion , Vol 26 ( No. 3 ), 1979 , p 89 10.5006...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430017
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... Viswanathan R. and Bakker W.T. , “ Materials for Ultra Supercritical Fossil Power Plants ,” Report TR-114750 EPRI, March 2000 2.3 Susta M.R. and Seong K.B. , “ Supercritical and Ultra-Supercritical Power Plants—SEA’s Vision or Reality? ,” POWER-GEN ASIA 2004 , p 1 – 23 2.4...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030184
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
.... Figure 12 shows zinc anodes on the underside of a small fishing boat. Aluminum anodes would passivate in the harbors and might not work when they return to sea. Zinc anodes are also used to protect ballast tanks, heat exchangers, and many mechanical components on ships, coastal power plants, and similar...