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Rimming steels

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240349
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... with ferrite-martensite microstructures are referred to as dual-phase steels that have strength levels in the 345 to 550 MPa (50 to 80 ksi) range. Rimmed or capped ingot cast steel traditionally has been used because of its lower price. However, rimmed and capped steels are susceptible to quench and strain...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfub.t53740001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-308-9
... Metallurgy Residual Elements and Cleanliness Rolling Aluminum Plate and Sheet Titanium Melting Titanium Primary Fabrication Types of Rolling Mills Rolls Defects in Rolling Rolling of Steels Hot Rolling of Steels Cold Rolling and Annealing of Steels Rimmed Steels Capped...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tt2.t51060101
EISBN: 978-1-62708-355-3
... section. This reduction has a greater effect than the opposing increase in flow stress due to strain hardening. Some materials such as aged rimmed steels do not have a smooth transition between the elastic and plastic regions of the stress-strain curve. The load they can support decreases...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220129
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
... occurs due to the different densities of solid and liquid steel. In rimmed steels cast in ingots, shrinkage used to be balanced by pores caused by the evolution of CO gas (associated to the C + O = CO reaction) during solidification ( Fig. 8.1 and 8.2 ). Rimmed steel took advantage of this reaction...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060175
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... rimmed ingot (No. 8). The horizontal dotted line indicates the height to which the steel originally was poured in each ingot mold. Abstract Abstract This chapter describes the classification of steels and the various compositional categories of commercial steel products. It explains how...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310095
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
... toughness. Charpy V-notch impact energy varies with temperature for (a) rimmed, (b) semikilled, and (c) killed plain carbon steels. Source: Ref 12 Fig. 5 Manganese sulfide inclusions in resulfurized free-machining steel. Unetched (as-polished). Original magnification 500×. Source: Ref 9...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmcs.t66560039
EISBN: 978-1-62708-291-4
.... 2000×. (i) Variation in hardness with subcritical annealing temperature for the cold-rolled steel strip shown in Fig. 4.6 and 4.7 . Fig. 4.7 (Part 1) Cold-rolled low-carbon strip annealed at subcritical temperatures. Rimming grade, reduced 70%. 0.09C-0.005Si-0.43Mn (wt%). Cooling...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smff.t53400073
EISBN: 978-1-62708-316-4
... for stamping, but high-formability steels contain less than 0.1% C. They are generally cold rolled and annealed. They are used in automotive body panels and appliances. Aluminum-killed steels are also preferred for deep-drawing applications. In the past, rimmed (or capped) ingot cast steel has been used...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmcs.t66560081
EISBN: 978-1-62708-291-4
... Fig. 5.1 (Part 1) Rimming grade 0.2% C mild steel. (a) Hot-rolled bar. Ammonium persulfate. 2×. (b) Hot-rolled bar. Oberhoffer. 2×. (c) Hot-rolled bar. Sulfur print (reproduction). 2×. (d) 0.20C-0.004Si-0.45Mn-0.033S-0.016P (wt%). Rim region. 120 HV. 10 vol% pearlite. Picral. 100×. (e...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170123
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
...Summary of the effects of alloying elements on the properties and processing of carbon and alloy steels Table 8 Summary of the effects of alloying elements on the properties and processing of carbon and alloy steels Property Alloying element C Mn Si Cu Cr Ni Mo V Nb Al B Ti...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmcs.9781627082914
EISBN: 978-1-62708-291-4
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aceg.t68410215
EISBN: 978-1-62708-280-8
... need Casting requirements Fatigue life: Radial 1,000,000 cycles B10 (a) min = 800,000 cycles Rotary 100,000 cycles B10 (a ) min = 80,000 cycles A 356 T6 with a minimum of ASTM Level 3 at rib–rim junction Directional solidification through finish stock adjustment and chilling...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270177
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
... initiating at the corner of the inner rim near an inclusion. The report recommends the use of a cleaner material and more carefully controlling case hardening process. aircraft engine energy-dispersive X-ray spectrophotometry fatigue crack initiation fractography gears visual examination...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mgppis.t60400149
EISBN: 978-1-62708-258-7
... Fig. 6.1 A typical image analyzer setup showing light microscope with camera attachment at the left, video monitor in the center, and microprocessor with command monitor at the right. The microstructure displayed on the center monitor is the AISI/SAE 1020 steel shown in Fig. 6.2 . Fig...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220519
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
... Fig. 15.16 Ni-P layer deposited by chemical process on the surface of a part of F6NM stainless steel (see Chapter 16, “Stainless Steels,” in this book) (a) and (b). This coating is deposited for surface protection and to avoid scratches or other superficial damage that may interfere...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smnm.t52140071
EISBN: 978-1-62708-264-8
... (CO) gas. This hot gas boiled up out of the surface of the ingot, producing a fireworks-type display. These ingots were called rimming ingots, because they had a soft ferrite rim at the surface. Rimming ingots were only useful for low-carbon nonalloy steels, which, incidentally, represented a large...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.uhcf3.t53630035
EISBN: 978-1-62708-270-9
... bicycle wheel (radial wire spokes) has tensile stressed spokes, compressively stressed rim (hoop stresses), and tensile hoop stresses in the hub. Longitudinal (axial) stresses are negligible. (b) Heavy wooden wagon wheel with a shrunk-on steel tire generates tensile hoop stresses in the tire, compressive...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htgpge.t67320033
EISBN: 978-1-62708-347-8
...Chemical compositions of frequently used carburizing grade gear steels, % Table 5.1(a) Chemical compositions of frequently used carburizing grade gear steels, % Material (AISI) C Mn P S Si Ni Cr Mo V W Co 3310 0.08–0.13 0.45–0.60 0.025 max. 0.025 max. 0.20–0.35 3.25...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mgppis.t60400049
EISBN: 978-1-62708-258-7
... to austenite. The process is called intercritical annealing to produce what is known as a dual-phase steel. Dual-phase steels, developed in the 1970s, became noteworthy for special automotive applications requiring high strength and good formability. One such application is in producing automotive wheel rims...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smnm.t52140175
EISBN: 978-1-62708-264-8
... solidification. cast iron chemical composition fracture behavior microstructure solidification CAST IRONS DIFFER from high-carbon steels in several aspects, including the following two: They cannot be converted to 100% austenite during heat treatment. The other phase present...