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Reinforced concrete

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Published: 01 August 2018
Fig. 12.35 Longitudinal cross section of a reinforcing bar (rebar) for concrete made to 600 MPa (87 ksi) minimum yield strength specification, with 6 mm (0.25 in.) diameter, lightly work hardened during wire drawing (reduction of 30%). Pearlite and ferrite. Along the longitudinal section More
Image
Published: 01 January 2000
Fig. 12 Schematic of the cathodic protection of steel reinforcing bars in concrete. Arrows indicate current to the steel. More
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220475
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
... and contrasts steels used for concrete reinforcement and in various types of pressure vessels, and presents a metallographic study of the effects of welding on the micro and macrostructure of steel. pressure vessels structural steel welding rebar The classification “structural steels” basically...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910407
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... and handled carefully. Fig. 7 Impressed-current cathodic protection of a buried pipeline using graphite anodes Polymeric anodes are used to mitigate the corrosion of reinforcing steel in salt-contaminated concrete. The system consists of a mesh of wirelike anodes, which are made of a conductive...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310213
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... factors pertinent to important considerations in buildings, namely surface finish aesthetics, flatness, maintenance, repair, fabrication, and service considerations. It ends with a section providing information on concrete reinforcing bar. stainless steel construction corrosion resistance...
Book Chapter

By M. B. Kasen
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 1983
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mlt.t62860413
EISBN: 978-1-62708-348-5
... of the reinforcing fiber over a mandrel to form a filament-wound structure. A third construction method, in which continuous or discontinuous fibers of random orientation reinforce molded plastic structures, has aroused interest because of its lower cost. Conventional sand-and-gravel concretes are the only aggregate...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ems.t53730115
EISBN: 978-1-62708-283-9
... not be achieved with individual materials because of the inclusion of reinforcing material. Some examples of composites are concrete, which is a composite of cement, sand, and gravel; steel-belted tires; plywood with alternating directions of fibers; carbon or glass fiber-reinforced polyester; and epoxy used...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hss.t52790171
EISBN: 978-1-62708-356-0
.... The ride time would be four minutes. Groundbreaking for the arch took place in 1962. The excavation went down 60 feet before the pouring of the concrete began. The local Laclede Steel Company had the contract for steel plates and steel concrete reinforcing bars for the project. Al Weber, Laclede’s...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2023
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ciktmse.t56080001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-460-4
... loss of steel substrate and eventually premature failure of the reinforcement bars. The risk of corrosion of reinforcing steel increases with the increasing ratio of Cl − to OH − in pore solution. By contrast, concrete carbonation destabilizes the passive state of the reinforcing steel by reducing...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300301
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
...-reinforced plastic friction and wear properties plastics THE TERM PLASTICS stems from the fact that this class of materials is melt-processible; at some point in their lives, these materials can be made to flow to produce a desired shape. This situation applies to most plastics. However, some...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030184
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... in the protective coating. This combination of protective coating and cathodic protection is used on virtually all immersed or buried carbon steel structures, with the exception of offshore petroleum-production platforms and reinforced-concrete structures. Offshore platforms are usually uncoated...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2023
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ciktmse.9781627084604
EISBN: 978-1-62708-460-4
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fdsm.t69870001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-344-7
... (such as polymers, concrete, ceramics, and glass) Composite materials (including laminated structures, glass fibers, and reinforced concrete) Types of fracture considered in assessing costs Overload Brittle fracture Ductile rupture Fatigue Creep Creep rupture Stress corrosion...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
... its separate chemical, physical, and mechanical properties. The two constituents are a reinforcement and a matrix. The main advantages of composite materials are their high strength and stiffness, combined with low density, when compared with bulk materials, allowing for a weight reduction...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780051
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... product and under what circumstances. Lacking concrete data, the designer must often make reasonable estimates of end-use requirements. A logical way to accomplish this is to use a checklist that enumerates the anticipated use conditions of the article to be designed. Such a list includes the following...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910301
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... reinforced concrete slabs placed as the decks. The hotel and garage were situated in an area that experienced considerable amounts of snow and freezing temperatures. Deicing salt was commonly applied to roadways adjacent to the structure and was also probably applied to the reinforced concrete slabs...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.caaa.t67870075
EISBN: 978-1-62708-299-0
... circumstances, especially during welding. Chloride content of concrete and avoidance of contact with reinforcing bars also is important in avoiding corrosion. The welding generator must be provided with a separate ground. A special case of stray current corrosion can develop when an aluminum-hulled boat...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910237
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... Corrosion in concrete, as caused primarily by chloride ions, and most successfully combated by cathodic protection Boiler service, which is a specialized form of aqueous corrosion that also involves elevated temperatures Corrosion in molten nitrate salts, which are used for heat treatment baths (plain...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910363
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... protection. Hot-applied organisols, or plastisols, again usually of the vinyl family, can also be applied to a surface, typically by dipping or flow coating, to provide a protective film. Powder coatings are being increasingly used to protect concrete-reinforcing rod, as pipeline coatings, and as coating...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmub.t53550325
EISBN: 978-1-62708-307-2
... Abstract This chapter describes the molecular structures and chemical reactions associated with the production of thermoset and thermoplastic components. It compares and contrasts the mechanical properties of engineering plastics with those of metals, and explains how fillers and reinforcements...