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Pressure Vessels

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220475
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
... extends for more than 50 mm (2 in.). The location of test specimens to evaluate the process are indicated. Etchant: hot hydrochloric acid. Abstract Abstract This chapter discusses the properties and compositions of steels used in pressure vessels, piping, boilers, rebar, and other structural...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfw.t52860019
EISBN: 978-1-62708-338-6
...Abstract Abstract This chapter outlines a methodology for the design of cylindrical pressure vessels, with emphasis on the establishment of winding patterns and the interaction between the real fiber bed geometry (finite roving dimensions) and the theoretical one. To highlight the materials...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfw.t52860115
EISBN: 978-1-62708-338-6
...Abstract Abstract The necessity of developing the lightest-weight structures with sufficient strength was the driving factor for the development of filament-wound composite pressure vessels. This chapter presents a brief history of the development of rocket motor cases (RMCs), followed...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.dmlahtc.t60490329
EISBN: 978-1-62708-340-9
...Abstract Abstract This chapter covers the failure modes and mechanisms of concern in hydroprocessing reactor vessels and the methods used to assess lifetime and performance. It begins with a review of the materials used in the construction of pressure-vessel shells, the challenges they face...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfw.t52860001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-338-6
... not eliminate the need for proper fiber handling. This chapter is a primer on modern filament winding equipment and its use, starting with an overview of machine control and then discussing the design and structural analysis of filament wound components such as pressure vessels, pipes, grid structures, deep sea...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfw.t52860035
EISBN: 978-1-62708-338-6
... of geometries that can be wound, from the simple to the highly complex, with insight into the limitations, advantages, and challenges of each. Components covered include classic axisymmetric parts (rings, pipes, driveshafts, pipe reducers, tapered shafts, closed-end pressure vessels, and storage tanks...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030360
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
...Abstract Abstract This chapter concentrates almost exclusively on inspection techniques related to pressure vessels and pipework. The discussion covers the general aspects associated with inspection and the key factors relevant to it. In addition, the chapter addresses processes involved...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfw.9781627083386
EISBN: 978-1-62708-338-6
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ffub.t53610001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-303-4
... of the 4694 warships suffered brittle fracture or structure failure at the welded steel joints. Selection of increased toughness material Improved fabrication practices Development of fracture mechanics Liquefied natural gas (LNG) storage tank 1944 Failure and explosion of an LNG pressure vessel due...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fdmht.t52060231
EISBN: 978-1-62708-343-0
.... Shuttle flights are not permitted with turbopump blades that are known to have cracks at point A . Nickel-Hydrogen Battery Pressure Vessel Proof Testing Another type of aerospace component is an electric-energy storage device that had been proposed for an early version of a United States space...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sch6.t68200233
EISBN: 978-1-62708-354-6
..., A217, A389, and A487, the toughness (impact test) requirement of A703 may be used based upon agreement between the producer and the user. The ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code requires impact testing for almost all pressure vessel applications in their Section VIII “Pressure Vessel” category...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfw.t52860095
EISBN: 978-1-62708-338-6
... compaction is not necessary. One application survives with virtually 100% voids. An isotensoid liquefied petroleum gas pressure vessel ( Ref 8.15 ) is dry wound (no resin) over a thermoplastic liner and goes through a series of product tests. The operating pressure is 8 to 10 bar (116 to 145 psi...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.dmlahtc.t60490001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-340-9
... candidates for the higher-temperature end of the spectrum, whereas components operating near 540 °C (1000 °F), such as the turbine shafts and disks, are made of low-alloy ferritic steels. Reactor Pressure Vessels for Petroleum Refining The refining or manufacturing of petroleum products...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.uhcf3.t53630257
EISBN: 978-1-62708-270-9
... tip. Mode III (tearing mode): shear stress in the z direction, or parallel to the crack tip. Fig. 7 Hydrotest failure of a carbon steel pressure vessel. (a) Schematic of pressure vessel that failed during hydrotesting showing the location of the origin of the failure and the path...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.dmlahtc.t60490021
EISBN: 978-1-62708-340-9
... σ y ) 2 = 0.6478 ( CVN σ y − 0.0098 ) [Iwadate et al ( Ref 35 )] where K Ic is in MPa m , σ y is in MPa, and CVN is in joules. The Iwadate correlation between K Ic and CVN for a variety of low-alloy pressure-vessel...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030292
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... to be the associated reduction in residual tensile stresses in the area of the weldment, and the reduction in hardness and changes in the carbide morphology of weld heat-affected zones (HAZ). For refinery reactor vessels, which operate at high temperatures and pressures, 2.25Cr-1Mo steel is widely used. For improved...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.uhcf3.t53630023
EISBN: 978-1-62708-270-9
... bolted or riveted joints, as shown in Fig. 7(b) , and in closely fitting clevis joints. True double-shear fracture occurs only when there is no bending of the member that becomes fractured; bending frequently occurs, however, if the joint is loose or the sides spread. Thin-Wall Pressure Vessels...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfw.t52860007
EISBN: 978-1-62708-338-6
... winder Fig. 2.9 Three-spindle, four-axes winder to produce pressure vessels These multiple-spindle winders were the first big step toward automating filament winding machines and increasing efficiency of the filament winding process. One drawback, however, was that multiple-spindle...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sch6.t68200369
EISBN: 978-1-62708-354-6
... ranging from 600 to 1300 °F (316-704 °C), depending on the alloy content and the hardness desired. Some of the construction specifications, such as the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, state the minimum stress-relieving temperature which must be employed. Corrosion-Resistant High Alloy Steels...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.dmlahtc.9781627083409
EISBN: 978-1-62708-340-9