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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfw.t52860095
EISBN: 978-1-62708-338-6
... International, especially through its Subcommittee D-30 on high-modulus fibers and their composites and its Subcommittee F17.40 on plastic piping systems ( Ref 8.10 ) MIL-HDBK-17 ( Military Handbook-17 ), C Revision, Technomic Publishing and Materials Sciences Corporation ( Ref 8.8 ) International...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfw.t52860035
EISBN: 978-1-62708-338-6
.... and Menges S. , GRP Pipe Fittings Produced on a Computer Controlled Filament Winding Machine , 35th Tech. Conference, Reinforced Plastics/Composites Institute , SPI Inc. , 1980 4.7 Braun W. , Problems of Determining and Preparing Control Data for Non-Rotationally Symmetrical Winding...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780404
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... material such as thermoplastic polymers. Thermoset plastics are brittle. Viscoplastic deformation depends on temperature and strain rate. As the temperature is decreased, the material undergoes a glass transition, and if the pendant group is not too complex, the material may partially crystallize...
Image
Published: 01 December 2015
Fig. 1 Localized corrosion of stainless steel pipes from direct exposure to marine mists, compounded by plastic wraps More
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780305
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... to ESC, namely constant tensile load testing and constant-strain testing. environmental stress crazing glassy thermoplastics polyethylenes nylons constant tensile load testing constant-strain testing CRAZING can be described as the formation of regions of plastic deformation normal...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270059
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
... for detecting the presence of explosives in the baggage. One such machine that was developed and tested in a few major international airports was the thermal neutron analysis (TNA) machine in which the baggage is made to pass through a beam of thermal neutrons generated from radioactive californium-252. Plastic...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ems.t53730149
EISBN: 978-1-62708-283-9
... Abstract This chapter discusses recycling processes used for metals, plastics, rubber, glass, and paper. Is also describes the advantages of recycled materials. recycled materials recycling Metals More than 80% of steel is made from recycled material. Steel and iron can easily...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300163
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
... the reason why pure copper tubing and pipe lasts indefinitely in most of these applications. However, copper can erode/corrode in potable water ( Fig. 6.8 ) if the water velocity is over about 8 meters per second, by some estimates. Some stainless steels have a higher liquid erosion threshold. Plastic piping...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfw.9781627083386
EISBN: 978-1-62708-338-6
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910331
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... of the piping system are shown using a schedule 40 (7.1 mm or 0.280 in.) carbon steel piping system as the reference point, assigned a relative cost value of 1.00. Fiberglass-reinforced plastics are favored for more complex and larger-diameter piping systems. Stainless steel piping systems of the same thickness...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060385
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... with fiberglass-reinforced plastic piping. Fig. 16.4 Erosion pitting caused by turbulent river water flowing through copper pipe. The typical horseshoe-shaped pits point upstream. Original magnification: 0.5×. Source: Ref 16.2 In general, erosive wear resistance may be improved by increasing...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300079
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
... metals and plastics. When sand-laden water is pumped into a treatment/purification facility, it is likely to produce slurry erosion on piping and the like that convey the particle-contaminated water. The sand is capable of scratching the piping because of its hardness and sharpness, and the moving water...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmub.t53550325
EISBN: 978-1-62708-307-2
... Abstract This chapter describes the molecular structures and chemical reactions associated with the production of thermoset and thermoplastic components. It compares and contrasts the mechanical properties of engineering plastics with those of metals, and explains how fillers and reinforcements...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030338
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... of a primer, corrosion-preventive tape (inner layer), and a mechanically protective tape (outer layer). The function of the primer is to provide a bonding medium between the pipe surface and the adhesive or sealant on the inner layer. The inner-layer tape consists of a plastic backing and an adhesive...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030247
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... zinc to cathodically protect hot subsea pipelines where the polarity shift is a direct result of the increase in temperature. Another situation is when plastic-coated steel is coupled to a more noble metal. At any pinholes in the coating, a very adverse area ratio will exist, and rapid corrosion rates...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ffub.t53610001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-303-4
... dependent crack propagation (often called the short crack or small crack phase) Crack propagation that is characterized by either linear elastic fracture mechanics, elastic-plastic fracture mechanics, or fully plastic fracture mechanics Final instability and failure Each of these phases...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ems.t53730099
EISBN: 978-1-62708-283-9
... (82.40 to 88.64 lb/ft 3 ), T m = 212 °C (414 °F), and T g = 87 °C (189 °F). In unplasticized forms it is hard and brittle. It is used for building materials such as siding, window frames, and piping systems. As plasticized and copolymerized with polyvinyl acetate, it is used for clothing...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfw.t52860001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-338-6
.... Plast. Compos. , Vol 16 ( No. 6 ), 1997 , p 488 – 502 10.1177/073168449701600601 1.18 Gabrys C. and Bakis C. , Filament Winding of Thick Composite Rings with High Radial Accretion Rates , Proceedings of the International Exposition , The Society of the Plastics Industry , New...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090349
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... to raise the outside surface of the pipe weldment to 500 to 550 °C (930 to 1020 °F) while maintaining the inside surface at 100 °C (212 °F) with flowing water. The resultant temperature gradient across the pipe wall produces small plastic strains, thereby altering the as-welded residual stresses. Residual...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cw.t51820177
EISBN: 978-1-62708-339-3
... by the induction heating plastically yields the outside surface in compression, while the cool inside surface plastically yields in tension. After cool down, contraction of the pipe outside surface causes the stress state to reverse, leaving the inner surface in compression and the outside surface in tension ( Fig...