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Pipe Plugs

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Published: 01 January 2000
Fig. 49 A large plug of dezincified metal beneath a deposit on a brass pipe. Source: Nalco Chemical Company More
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720345
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
... by the manufacturer at the mill. The many uses to which steel tubular products have been applied form a basis for classifying steel tubular products; for example, the terms used for the first classification casing , tube , and pipe are assigned on the basis of usage, as in water well casing, oil well tubing...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910099
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... are exposed to highly acidic conditions ( Fig. 5 ). Fig. 4 Two views of deep pits in a type 316 stainless steel centrifuge head due to exposure to CaCl 2 solution Fig. 5 (a) Pitting of a carbon steel pipe exposed to a strong mineral acid. (b) Close-up view shows the narrow pit mouths...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030247
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... up from $589 million for surface piping and facility costs, $463 million in downhole tubing expenses, and $320 million in capital expenditures related to corrosion. The control of corrosion through the use of coatings, metallurgy, nonmetallic materials of construction, cathodic protection, inhibitors...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ffub.t53610001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-303-4
...-welded high-energy piping failures 1986–2000 Cavitation and creep voids in welds resulting in catastrophic high-energy rupture Development of elevated-temperature life-assessment techniques for cavitation and creep failure Aloha incident, Boeing 737 1988 Accelerated corrosion and multiple fatigue...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060315
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... end of the spectrum, they are used for water piping and food preparation. At the other end, they are vital to the operation of many chemical plants dealing with aggressive acids and alkalis. There are two main reasons why nonferrous materials are preferred over steels and stainless steels for many...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.dmlahtc.t60490183
EISBN: 978-1-62708-340-9
... 0.27 0.93 0.048 0.058 0.10 Min … … … Tubes (ERW) SA-178 C 60 37 0.35 0.30 0.050 0.060 … … … … Pipe SA-106 B 60 35 0.30 0.29-1.06 0.048 0.058 0.10 Min … … Castings (b) SA-216 WCA 60 30 0.25 0.70 0.040 0.045 0.60 … … … Structural shapes A36 … 58...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.caaa.t67870075
EISBN: 978-1-62708-299-0
... that such coatings as extruded polyethylene or a tape wrap should be applied to aluminum pipes for underground service. Because of the effectiveness and longevity of sacrificial anode systems and the need to avoid over-protection, impressed current (rectifier) systems generally are not used to protect aluminum...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030082
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... are shown in Fig. 4 . Fig. 4 A 200 mm (8 in.) diameter gray iron pipe that failed because of graphitic corrosion. The pipe was part of a subterranean fire control system. The external surface of the pipe was covered with soil; the internal surface was covered with water. Severe graphitic corrosion...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030360
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... condition. If the PSV vents directly to the atmosphere, ensure the vent pipe has a small drain hole in it to prevent water and debris buildup. Condition and cleanliness of any flame-arresting devices Suitability and condition of any screwed fittings/plugs and vessel penetration threads Condition...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030200
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... of the well tubing or pipe. This type of completion provides excellent inhibitor injection control with superior results ( Ref 23 – 26 ). Disadvantages are the cost and the mechanical difficulties. Side pocket mandrel valve: The annulus is filled with liquid inhibitor solution, and continuous injection...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030292
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
...-dependent degradation due to corrosion usually defines scheduled and unscheduled shutdowns so that corrosion damage in piping and equipment can be inspected and/or repaired. This operational scenario can be extremely expensive. Single-incidence costs of major failures and related releases have been...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.jub.t53290079
EISBN: 978-1-62708-306-5
... progressively along with the surfaces to be joined. Oxyfuel gas welding can be used to join thin carbon steel sheet and carbon steel tube and pipe. The advantages of oxyfuel gas welding include the ability to control heat input, bridge large gaps, avoid melt-through, and clearly view the weld pool. Carbon...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030349
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... for further information: (Eq 10) Cr crude = 10 (log( Acid  number· %nitrogen )+0.38) 24 , 000 Researchers ( Ref 31 ) performed experiments with three different systems, including a horizontal pipe flow system, a jet impingement setup, and a rotating cylinder...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030215
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... and/or a lack of appreciation of the true service conditions ( Ref 5 ). As an example, a type 316 stainless steel (Unified Numbering System, or UNS, S31600) pipe was considered a suitable choice for admitting steam and subsequently air into a chemical slurry in a reaction vessel; however, it experienced...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfw.9781627083386
EISBN: 978-1-62708-338-6
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030045
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... ferric hydroxide (Fe(OH) 3 ), which contributes to the rapid growth of the tubercule. This process has been responsible for corrosion and plugging of iron water pipes. If chlorides are present in the system, the pH of the electrolyte trapped inside the tubercule may become very acid...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ems.t53730099
EISBN: 978-1-62708-283-9
... called “vinyl” is a copolymer of polyvinyl acetate and polyvinyl chloride (PVC). The properties of vinyls depend on the proportions of vinyl acetate and vinyl chloride. Pure PVC is rigid and brittle. Its use is limited to pipes and siding. With increasing amounts of vinyl acetate, it is used...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hpcspa.t54460107
EISBN: 978-1-62708-285-3
.... Fig. 4.5 Impact Innovations ISS 5/11. Courtesy of Impact Innovations GmbH New accessories have been developed as well, including the following: An inner coating device has been developed. Now it is possible to coat the insides of pipes, down to a diameter of 80 mm (3 in.). The inside...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910193
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... can cause a type of erosion of a surface through the mechanical force of the fluid itself. This common process is called impingement, and an example of such erosion is where fluid is forced to turn its flow direction at pipe bends. When solids are present in the liquid, they can cause erosion...