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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220475
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
... (t/4 position). (b) and (d) mid-thickness (t/2 position). Ferrite (ferritic grain size ASTM 11) and fine pearlite. Some banding. Courtesy of ArcelorMittal Tubarão, ES, Brazil. Fig. 14.11 Dual-phase API X100 steel for piping produced through controlled rolling. C = 0.06%, Mn = 1.96%, Nb...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090359
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
...Abstract Abstract This chapter describes how ultrasonic testing came to be a viable method for evaluating intergranular stress-corrosion cracking (SCC) in large-diameter stainless steel pipe welds in boiling water reactor service. Intergranular SCC can be difficult to detect using...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfw.t52860035
EISBN: 978-1-62708-338-6
... of geometries that can be wound, from the simple to the highly complex, with insight into the limitations, advantages, and challenges of each. Components covered include classic axisymmetric parts (rings, pipes, driveshafts, pipe reducers, tapered shafts, closed-end pressure vessels, and storage tanks...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ttg2.t61120327
EISBN: 978-1-62708-269-3
... 17.18 21.87 3.4375 17.82 22.69 3.50 18.47 23.52 Weights are based on a density of 0.160 lb/in. 3 . Apply the following factors for other grades: Ti-6Al-6V-2Sn × 1.025; commercially pure × 1.019; Ti-13V-11Cr-3Al × 1.094; Ti-8Mo-8V-2Fe-3Al 1.094. Courtesy of Dynamet, Inc. Titanium pipe...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090349
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
...Abstract Abstract This chapter examines the stress-corrosion cracking (SCC) failure of stainless steel pipe welds in boiling water reactor (BWR) service. It explains where most of the failures have occurred and provides relevant details about the materials of construction, fabrication...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cw.t51820177
EISBN: 978-1-62708-339-3
...) Parallel to lay Perpendicular to lay Pipe, inside surface Machined 550(80)T 70(10)T Pipe, inside surface Light grind (hand grinder) 550(80)T 0(0) Flat coupon, inside surface Heavy grind (hand grinder) 550(80)T 120(17)T Flat coupon, inside surface Ground (hand grinder) 760(110)T...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfw.t52860001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-338-6
... not eliminate the need for proper fiber handling. This chapter is a primer on modern filament winding equipment and its use, starting with an overview of machine control and then discussing the design and structural analysis of filament wound components such as pressure vessels, pipes, grid structures, deep sea...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfw.t52860081
EISBN: 978-1-62708-338-6
... pipe, drive shafts, couplings, and cryogenic tubing. composite composite fabrication technology couplings cryogenic tube drill pipe drive shafts filament-wound struts hydraulic cylinders quality control satellite components tubular structures void-free structures Introduction...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310247
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... … Sulfuric acid alkylation Sulfuric acid Contactor, mixer 20Cb3 Low pH excursions possible Dilute sulfuric acid Effluent piping 316L … Hydrotreating H 2 S, ammonia, PTA (a) Hot sections 321, 347 Long exposure at high temperature General 410S, 304 … Catalytic re-forming High...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.dmlahtc.t60490183
EISBN: 978-1-62708-340-9
... 0.27 0.93 0.048 0.058 0.10 Min … … … Tubes (ERW) SA-178 C 60 37 0.35 0.30 0.050 0.060 … … … … Pipe SA-106 B 60 35 0.30 0.29-1.06 0.048 0.058 0.10 Min … … Castings (b) SA-216 WCA 60 30 0.25 0.70 0.040 0.045 0.60 … … … Structural shapes A36 … 58...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220129
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
... of steel. It explains how steel shrinks as it solidifies, causing issues such as pipe and voids, and how differences in the solubility of solid and liquid steel lead to compositional heterogeneities or segregation. It describes the dendritic nature of solidification, peritectic and eutectic reactions...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030338
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... Corrosion accidents due to external corrosion, % 64.9 36.0 84.6 Corrosion accidents due to internal corrosion, % 33.6 63.2 3.8 Corrosion accidents cause not specified, % 1.5 0.9 11.5 Source: Ref 6 Chemical and tensile requirements of common long seam welded line pipe steels...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030023
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... resistance, such as a buried metal pipe, some other metal structure, or an electrolyte with low resistance such as salt water. The current then flows to and from that structure and causes accelerated corrosion whenever it leaves a metallic structure and flows into an electrolyte. For example...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cw.t51820013
EISBN: 978-1-62708-339-3
... with nital. Source: Ref 21 Fig. 10 Transverse and longitudinal cracks on as-ground weld areas on the inside surface of storage vessel B. (a) Transverse and longitudinal cracks. (b) Transverse cracks. Source: Ref 21 Fig. 6 Cross sections of pipe-to-elbow welds showing stress-corrosion...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720345
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
... Fig. 2 Mating fracture surfaces of pipe or tube welds showing imperfections detectable by eddy current inspection, (a) unwelded spot (diagonal arrows) and a nonpenetrating pinhole (horizontal arrows); (b) unwelded spots, probably caused by entrapped foreign matter; (c) surface crack in weld. Source...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910331
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... Corrosion References References 1. NACE Corrosion Engineer’s Reference Book , 1st ed. , Treseder R.S. , Ed., NACE International , 1980 2. Tuthill A.H. , “ Evaluating Installed Cost of Corrosion-Resistant Piping ,” NiDI Technical Series No. 10,002, Nickel Development...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030089
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... Fig. 3 Cross sections of pipe-to-elbow welds showing stress-corrosion cracks originating from the inside surface of the weld metal and the base metal. ID, inside diameter. Source: Ref 10 Fig. 4 Photograph of inside surface of a pipe showing 38 mm (1.5 in.) stress-corrosion crack (A) next...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030360
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... acoustic emission source mechanisms. Source: Ref 28 Fig. 3 Components of a real-time radiographic imaging profiler system for measuring pipe wall thicknesses. The monitor displays the signal pulse readout. Source: Ref 27 Fig. 1 Different forms of corrosion and deterioration. SCC...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfw.t52860007
EISBN: 978-1-62708-338-6
... and into the 1980s. A large-diameter tank winder is shown in Fig. 2.3 . Fig. 2.3 Pipe and tank winder The evolution of filament winding machines continued with the addition of computer control. Pattern-generation software for personal computers was developed for winding machines. Entec was one...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130503
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
... discontinuities illustrated in Fig. 1 No. Discontinuity Location (a) 1 Porosity (b) W  Cluster(1b in Fig. 1 )  Piping(1d in Fig. 1 ) 2 Inclusions W  Non-metallic slag(2b) 3 Lack of fusion (b) W 4 Lack of joint penetration (b) W 5 Undercut (b) BM 6 Underfill...