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Petrochemical plants

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Published: 01 December 2015
Fig. 49 Montage showing interrelationship between a petrochemical plant process engineer and corrosion/materials specialist using online, real-time corrosion monitoring. Distributed corrosion-monitoring hardware provides a preprocessed data signal at point of monitoring. This, in turn More
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030292
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... Abstract This chapter presents the primary considerations and mechanisms for corrosion and how they are involved in the selection of materials for process equipment in petroleum refineries and petrochemical plants. In addition, specific information on mechanical properties, corrosion, sulfide...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080005
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
... Abstract Many metallic components, such as retorts in heat treat furnaces, furnace heater tubes and coils in chemical and petrochemical plants, waterwalls and reheater tubes in boilers, and combustors and transition ducts in gas turbines, are subject to oxidation. This chapter explains how...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cw.t51820177
EISBN: 978-1-62708-339-3
... Abstract This chapter reviews weld corrosion in three key application areas: petroleum refining and petrochemical operations, boiling water reactor piping systems, and components used in pulp and paper plants. The discussion of each area addresses general design and service characteristics...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
..., petrochemical plants, paper mills, food and pharmaceutical industries, and the textile industry, boilers are used for power generation and/or for providing process steam and process heat. 1.2 Classification of Boilers Because the areas of application of boilers are very diverse, there is a need...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.dmlahtc.t60490001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-340-9
..., however, the need for extending the lives of current plants well beyond their originally anticipated lives has gained considerable attention. The factors driving this need are essentially the same as those for fossil power plants, as described earlier. Most steels for refinery and petrochemical...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080003
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
... alloys high-temperature corrosion IN MANY INDUSTRIAL SYSTEMS, plant operating conditions can be quite complex; it is rather difficult to use laboratory tests to simulate plant conditions. However, laboratory tests can provide good general guidance for making preliminary alloy selection. In situ...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080321
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
... higher temperatures and thus can suffer more serious corrosion problems. Many furnaces in refinery and petrochemical plants often use residual fuel oils for heating high-temperature processing equipment. The uncooled components in these furnaces can suffer severe oil-ash corrosion attacks. This section...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080437
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
... ), 1985 , p 415 10.5006/1.3583017 9. Steels for Hydrogen Service at Elevated Temperatures and Pressures in Petroleum Refineries and Petrochemical Plants , Publication 941, 3rd ed. , American Petroleum Institute , 1983 High-Temperature Corrosion and Materials Applications Copyright © 2007...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sch6.t68200158
EISBN: 978-1-62708-354-6
... of the advantages of the process. The weld preparation area for a large pump has been cast to shape and located to avoid a longitudinal weld through the outlet ( Figure 11-10 ). Other examples are the cast-weld preparations in valves and the U-bends in petrochemical plants. The advantage of this design...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ems.t53730149
EISBN: 978-1-62708-283-9
... (PSMpolyactide) and polyactide (PLA) do degrade by composting. Products made from petrochemical compounds generally do not biodegrade. Tree leaves are biodegradable. They are made in the spring, used by the plant during the summer, drop to the ground in autumn, and are assimilated into the soil...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.dsktmse.t56050001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-432-1
... coatings in power plants, high-temperature gas filters in gasifier plants, fire grates of gas generators, components of pouring ladles, protective coatings against metal dusting in petrochemical plants, aerospace applications using turbine blades, and nuclear fission and fusion reactor components ( Ref 10...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030360
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... collection and management, namely data acquisition, reporting, trending, reviewing, and auditing. Capabilities and limitations of in-service inspection techniques are discussed in the Appendix to this chapter. inspection techniques petroleum industries petrochemical industries data collection data...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030235
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
.... The results of a survey of chemical-processing plants ( Ref 28 ) showed that design faults ranked highest (58%) in the reasons for failure. Of almost equal ranking was the incorrect application of protective treatments (55%), followed by categories that demonstrate a lack of knowledge about the operating...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sap.t53000117
EISBN: 978-1-62708-313-3
... equipment, heating-element sheathing, nuclear steamgenerator tubing Good strength and excellent oxidation and carburization resistance Incoloy 800H Chemical and petrochemical processing, superheater and reheater tubing in power plants, industrial furnaces, heat treating equipment Based on IN-800...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cw.t51820203
EISBN: 978-1-62708-339-3
... frequently to monitor in-service corrosion because of the simplicity and accuracy of the technique. Electrochemical techniques such as linear polarization resistance and electrochemical noise have moved from the laboratory to the processing plant and beyond to help with the detection of general and localized...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cw.t51820001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-339-3
... for sulfide stress cracking resistance for petroleum production, drilling, gathering, and transmission equipment and for field-processing facilities to be used in hydrogen sulfide bearing hydrocarbon service. Guidelines for dealing with the hydrogen stress cracking that occurs in refineries and petrochemical...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.dmlahtc.9781627083409
EISBN: 978-1-62708-340-9
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.caaa.t67870191
EISBN: 978-1-62708-299-0
..., and petrochemical rely on the safety and availability of their infrastructures. In many instances, these requirements have been compromised by corrosion events that have led to loss of life, environmental pollution, and loss of power to industry. However, between 25 and 50% of the economic impact (depending...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.9781627082532
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2