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Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ems.t53730149
EISBN: 978-1-62708-283-9
..., and generates 20% less air pollution and 50% less water pollution. Recycling of paper uses only 40% of the energy that is used to make paper from wood and causes only 5% as much air pollution. Many products that claim to be biodegradable should more properly be called oxi-degradable. Plastarch material...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 June 2023
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.atia.t59340339
EISBN: 978-1-62708-427-7
... and foil are produced for use in the packaging industry in bare or coated specifications. Thin foil is also extensively used as a barrier film in combination with paper, cardboard, and plastic. Packaging products make up approximately 20% of the world’s annual aluminum consumption and, in North America...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030349
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... is beyond the scope of this article, a number of papers on this subject have been published, and these should be referred to for additional information ( Ref 1 – 5 , Ref 41 – 52 ). Transmission Pipeline Scenario For natural gas transmission pipelines, the highest number of incidents causing...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220039
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
... is revealed as a mirror image in the photographic paper. Reagents for Macrographic Etching Table 4.1 presents the most commonly used reagents for etching ferrous products and their basic indications ( Ref 3 , 5 – 7 ). Reagents for macrographic etching Table 4.1 Reagents for macrographic...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aceg.t68410021
EISBN: 978-1-62708-280-8
... References References 1. Wickberg A. , Gustafsson G. , and Larsson l.E. , “ Microstructural Effects on Fatigue Properties of a Cast Al7SiMg Alloys ,” SAE Technical Paper 840121, 1984 , 10.4271/840121 2. Boileau J. M. , Zindel J.W. , and Allison J.E. , “ Effect...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hss.t52790025
EISBN: 978-1-62708-356-0
..., an industry that had just gotten started by the Firth-Sterling Steel Company at McKeesport, Pennsylvania, in 1915. Thus far, in America, there was only the production of cutlery steel, the martensitic chromium class of stainless steel. Half a dozen papers on the chromium stainless steels were presented...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030200
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... problems in waterfloods ( Ref 64 ). A summary of papers on microbiologically influenced corrosion is given in Ref 65 and 66 . Laboratory Testing of Corrosion Inhibitors Many testing methods designed to simulate field conditions have been reported in the literature. However, only a few...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310265
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... a model of rapid technology transfer and innovation. Beginning in 1988, duplex stainless steels first went into production in kraft digesters, and there has been no turning back in the replacement of austenitic stainless steels by duplex. So, a discussion of the materials selection for the pulp-and-paper...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080359
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
... Abstract Black liquor recovery boilers are an integral part of the kraft pulping process used in paper mills. Besides recovering chemicals for reuse, they also produce process steam. High operating temperatures and exposure to process chemicals and combustion byproducts make recovery boilers...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sfa.t52780025
EISBN: 978-1-62708-268-6
.... Idea documentation: The brainstorming session leader captures all suggestions on paper. It is best to do this on large pads on an easel. The session leader can tape completed sheets to the wall so that they remain visible during the session. Keeping prior ideas visible helps to stimulate new...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030209
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... , Mater. Prot. , Feb 1990 , p 71 – 74 3. Whitehead T.D. and Ramachandran P.A. , “ An Analysis of Wash Water Practices Used for Corrosion Control in Condensible Hydrocarbon Systems ,” Paper 318, presented at Corrosion/91 , NACE International, 1991 4. Kaminski R.J...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ems.t53730121
EISBN: 978-1-62708-283-9
... Abstract This chapter examines the properties, structure, and applications of wood and wood products, including plywood, paper, and cardboard. It discusses the dimensional changes that occur due to moisture content and compares several types of wood based on radial and tangential shrinkage...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aet.t68260245
EISBN: 978-1-62708-336-2
... more integrated shapes. Every four years the Aluminum Extruders Council and the Aluminum Association present many research and technical papers from all over the world in areas such as extrusion process and equipment, billet process and equipment, die design and technology, applications, and product...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2023
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.edfatr.t56090109
EISBN: 978-1-62708-462-8
... analysis for 180 nm to 110 nm process nodes. He obtained a M.Sc. in advanced materials with a focus on microelectronics from NUS-MIT Alliance program, Singapore in 2000 and graduated from Flex Time MBA program on the Dean’s list from SMU, Singapore in 2011. He has published/presented 29 technical papers...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 May 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hma.t59250073
EISBN: 978-1-62708-287-7
... by a cutting test. While Edwards’ first work did little to improve the understanding of high-speed steel metallurgy, he later collaborated with H. Kikkawa (1915) to produce a landmark paper on the subject. They performed hardness tests in a systematic study of the effect of Cr and W on tempering...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aceg.t68410253
EISBN: 978-1-62708-280-8
... SAE Technical Paper 980457. Further distribution of this material is not permitted without prior permission from SAE. The product design and development phase is an important phase for early interaction with the external product designer. If the product design is developed internally...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hss.t52790257
EISBN: 978-1-62708-356-0
... Berthier, a Frenchman, writes a paper, “On the Alloys of Chromium with Iron and with Steel,” that appears in Annales de Chemie et de Physique . Berthier worked with high-carbon chromium and iron and noticed that the higher the chromium content of his steels, the greater the resistance to corrosion...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cw.t51820177
EISBN: 978-1-62708-339-3
... for carbon and low-alloy, steel weldments. In BWR piping systems, the primary concern has been intergranular stress-corrosion cracking (IGSCC). Corrosive environments are found in a number of process stages in the pulp and paper industry including pulp production, pulp processing and chemical recovery, pulp...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfw.t52860001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-338-6
... of computers, although much of this work has been accomplished outside of the United States. For example, most publications in the realm of reinforced piping have originated in Canada, and a significant number of papers on rocket motors/pressure vessels have had South Korea as their source. The advances...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1984
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mpp.t67850001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-260-0
... parts hydrochloric acid, three parts sulfuric acid, and one part water. Considerable adverse comment about the use of strong acids to evaluate highly stressed components was generated by this paper. Overall, the initial response to deep-acid etching was negative; however, numerous subsequent studies...