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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030096
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... with titanium (type 321, bottom left) or niobium (type 347, top right). Source: Ref 2 Thiosulfate ( S 2 O 3 2 − ) pitting corrosion will readily occur in sensitized HAZs of type 304 weldments in paper machine white-water service ( Fig. 17 ). This form of attack can...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cw.t51820043
EISBN: 978-1-62708-339-3
... in sensitized HAZs of type 304 weldments in paper machine white-water service ( Fig. 5 ). This form of attack can be controlled by limiting sources of S 2 O 3 2 − contamination; the principal one is the brightening agent sodium hyposulfite (Na 2 S 2 O 4 ). However, nonsensitized type...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220039
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
... on the etchant to be used and the features to be observed. In some cases, surfaces directly produced by cutting with saws or by facing by machining can produce acceptable macrographs. Final preparation for macrographic examination involves grinding. Silicon carbide grinding papers are the most commonly used...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mgppis.t60400087
EISBN: 978-1-62708-258-7
... machine. Either way, the specimen must be ground flat through several consecutive grinding papers, usually starting at 120 grit and ending at 600 grit. Grinding is usually done wet. In most laboratories using hand grinding procedures, three or more consecutive and adjacent rotary wheels are in place, each...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mgppis.t60400169
EISBN: 978-1-62708-258-7
.... If the specimen is being prepared for elemental analysis in the SEM or microprobe, it should be polished only with diamond abrasives. Fig. 7.1 Microstructure of a nickel-plated AISI/SAE 1008 steel sheet specimen showing embedded silicon carbide particles from the grinding paper. The nickel layer pulled...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1984
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mpp.t67850001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-260-0
... photographic paper soaked in dilute sulfuric acid. The photographic paper should be thin so that good contact is achieved with the surface. While glossy papers produce sharper prints, they are slippery, and it is difficult to prevent blurring of the image. Consequently, matte finishes are preferred. Bromide...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 May 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hma.t59250073
EISBN: 978-1-62708-287-7
... little to improve the understanding of high-speed steel metallurgy, he later collaborated with H. Kikkawa (1915) to produce a landmark paper on the subject. They performed hardness tests in a systematic study of the effect of Cr and W on tempering. This method showed the hardness peaking after...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pmsspmp.t52000185
EISBN: 978-1-62708-312-6
.... Source: Ref 8 . Reprinted with permission from SAE paper 930449 ©1993 SAE International Various steel compositions and PM techniques have been developed to achieve the previously mentioned objectives. Sensor rings made from mild steel require a protective coating to resist abrasion and corrosion...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfw.t52860001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-338-6
... of computers, although much of this work has been accomplished outside of the United States. For example, most publications in the realm of reinforced piping have originated in Canada, and a significant number of papers on rocket motors/pressure vessels have had South Korea as their source. The advances...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tstap.t56040030
EISBN: 978-1-62708-428-4
... is P120, P180, P240, P320, P400, P600, P800, P1200 grit with the machine thoroughly cleaned during each paper changeover if dedicated machines are not available. The grinding duration for each paper should be around 60 to 90 seconds and is water cooled (i) to prevent frictional heating that might damage...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hss.t52790059
EISBN: 978-1-62708-356-0
... to examine the early literature on stainless steel to gain an understanding of the state-of-the-art of stainless steel as it progressed through the first 37 years after the discoveries made in Sheffield and Essen. Paper by Dr. W.H...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pnfn.t65900167
EISBN: 978-1-62708-350-8
... 140 5–18 × 10 -5 45 1.3 Resistant to acids and alkalies (a) Determined by method ASTM D 648. (b) Specimen 100 mm (0.15 in.) in area abraded on a slightly worn 600-grit silicon carbide paper under load of 100 g at rubbing speed of 10 mm/min. (c) 25 mm (1 in.) diam mount on a wheel...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870255
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
... core terminology is given in Fig. 9.6 . The honeycomb itself can be manufactured from aluminum, glass fabric, aramid paper, aramid fabric, or carbon fabric. Honeycomb manufactured for use with organic matrix composites is bonded together with an adhesive, called the node bond adhesive . The “ L...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1984
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mpp.t67850060
EISBN: 978-1-62708-260-0
... 5.0 77 43 22 Abrasion on fixed-abrasive laps Alumina 10-20 μm grade Hand abrasion Nil 0.3 3 16 (a) Depth beneath the root of the surface scratches or machining marks. (b) The higher values result from clogging of the paper, which occurs very readily. Source: From Samuels, Ref...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
... such as finish, scratches, cracks, or color; strain in transparent materials; corrosion Often convenient; can be automated Can be applied only to surfaces, through surface openings, or to transparent material Paper, wood, or metal for surface finish and uniformity Eddy current Changes in electrical...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.isceg.t59320103
EISBN: 978-1-62708-332-4
... conditioning, and other industries. Gray iron’s heat conduction and heat- and wear-resistance properties make it uniquely suitable for automotive engine cylinder blocks, cylinder liners, disc brake rotors and brake drums, air compressor cylinder blocks, and paper-making drying cylinders. Special properties...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220069
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
.... This frequently is a challenge and represents a quality limitation of replica metallography. The surface preparation sequence depends on the state of the original surface. For parts that have a machined finish, it is normally acceptable to start the grinding with 120 grit paper. For rougher surfaces or those...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 May 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hma.t59250059
EISBN: 978-1-62708-287-7
... publication, Transactions , for serious researchers to publish their papers. In 1930, the American Society for Steel Treating published a magazine called Metal Progress that became the most popular source of information in all of metalworking, not just heat treating. ASM International is located...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230295
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
...-Strain Curves of Commercial Beryllium, 25th Structures, Structural Dynamics and Materials Conference, Technical Papers Part 1 ( Palm Springs, CA ), American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, NY, p 174 – 185 10.2514/6.1984-896 Krivko V.P. , Romanko P.M. , Kolesnik L.I...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfw.t52860007
EISBN: 978-1-62708-338-6
... was the photo eye winder. This winder had a large drum with a black-and-white print on the drum to allow the winder to follow a “pattern” for the winding angle. To change the winding angle meant removing the black-and-white paper on the drum and substituting a different black-and-white pattern on a different...