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Palladium oxide

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170596
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
..., and molybdenum, and related oxides and carbides. copper contact alloys gold contact alloys molybdenum contact alloys palladium contact alloys platinum contact alloys silver contact alloys tungsten contact alloys Composition Introduction and Overview Electrical contacts are metallic devices...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170550
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... more freely through solid silver than through any metal. This fact has made it feasible to internally oxidize certain alloying ele- Noble Metal Alloys / 551 Table 1 Selected properties of the noble metals Metal Property Platinum Palladium Iridium Rhodium Osmium Ruthenium Gold Silver Crystal structure...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpmpa.t54480331
EISBN: 978-1-62708-318-8
... (and oxidizing) halide environments. Other platinum-group metals and lower-cost titanium-palladium alloy grade 16 can be used in less aggressive environments. Interest in the addition of ruthenium, a metal similar to palladium, is increasing due to its lower cost (approximately 7 times less expensive than...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1984
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mpp.t67850610
EISBN: 978-1-62708-260-0
... Abstract This appendix contains tables that list the composition and capabilities of etchants that reveal the microstructure of metals and alloys, including aluminum, chromium, cobalt, copper, lead, magnesium, molybdenum, nickel, niobium, palladium, platinum, radioactive metals, rare earth...
Image
Published: 01 January 2015
Fig. 14.1 General corrosion behavior of commercially pure titanium and titanium-palladium alloys compared with other metals and alloys in oxidizing and reducing environments, with and without chloride ions. Each metal or alloy can generally be used in those environments below its respective More
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240597
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... referred to as a silver filling. 32.8 Platinum Group The platinum group metals include ruthenium, rhodium, palladium, osmium, iridium, and platinum. All are by-products of copper, gold, and silver refining. The platinum group metals are dense, refractory, and oxidation resistant. They are among...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060315
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... commonly occur together in nature: platinum, palladium, iridium, rhodium, ruthenium, and osmium. Gold (Au) Gold (Au) is extremely soft, ductile, and easy to deform. Chemically pure gold is 99.9% pure, and higher purity is commercially available. Resistance to oxidation is its outstanding property...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ttg2.t61120123
EISBN: 978-1-62708-269-3
... corrosion in high-temperature brines that sometimes attack CP titanium. It also has better resistance to oxidizing environments, such as nitric acid. The alloy resists corrosion in reducing environments, such as HCl and H 2 SO 4 , better than CP titanium but not as well as the titanium-palladium alloy...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060369
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... marine environment containing chlorides. As part of the assembly, a fabric bag containing palladium oxide (PdO 2 ) was taped to the tube. The palladium served as a “getter.” The corrosion in this area was discovered during routine inspection. Pits are the darkest areas. Slightly lighter areas include...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pmsspmp.t52000101
EISBN: 978-1-62708-312-6
... to improve by the addition of noble elements (copper, nickel, palladium, silver, gold, platinum). Gold, palladium, and platinum added to hot-pressed and sintered 316 stainless steel were observed to increase the oxide film thickness of the passive layer ( Ref 8 ). 6.2 Optimal Sintering Because...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tt2.t51060273
EISBN: 978-1-62708-355-3
..., cast; normalized 290 42 262 38 Beryllium and its alloys 276 40 34 5 Aluminum alloys, 3000 series 248 36 41 6 Carbon steel, cast; annealed 241 35 . . . . . . Malleable ferritic cast irons 241 35 221 32 Palladium 207 30 34 5 Gold 207 30...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pb.t51230047
EISBN: 978-1-62708-351-5
... 1163 2125 Bal 21.0 15.0 4.5 4.4 4.2 … 1078 1972 1139 2082 Bal 21.0 15.0 4.5 4.4 4.4 3.0 1068 1954 1156 2113 Bal 21.0 15.0 4.5 4.4 4.4 5.0 1018 1864 1152 2106 Palladium-bearing brazing alloys Table 2.7 Palladium-bearing brazing alloys Composition...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170417
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
..., palladium, and ruthenium. See the section “ Effects of Alloying on Corrosion Behavior ” for additional information. Alloy Systems and Their Processing Characteristics Table 2 lists some commercial and semicommercial titanium grades and alloys currently available, which are subdivided into four...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pb.t51230105
EISBN: 978-1-62708-351-5
..., cast iron Fair Titanium, zirconium, beryllium, graphite, ceramics Difficult Comparative values for free energies of formation of metal oxides of common braze constituents and selected metals at room temperature (25 °C, or 77 °F) Table 3.2 Comparative values for free energies...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060073
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
.... It is the strength-to-weight ratio that makes titanium alloys desirable for aircraft and spacecraft applications. Because of its natural corrosion resistance, titanium is also used in the chemical process industry and for orthopedic implants. Iridium, Rhodium, Palladium, and Platinum Iridium, rhodium...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bpapp.t59290009
EISBN: 978-1-62708-319-5
..., gold, copper, platinum, chromium, palladium, and nickel Thermochemical reaction: Including routes such as precipitation, reaction, reduction, oxidation, carburization, nitridation, hydrogenation, and related composition changes. The powders include pure elements such as copper, molybdenum...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.stg2.t61280287
EISBN: 978-1-62708-267-9
... Abstract Superalloys tend to operate in environments where they are subjected to high-temperature corrosion, oxidation, and the erosive effects of hot gases. This chapter discusses the nature of these attacks and the effectiveness of various protection methods. It describes the primary forms...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.9781627082976
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ps.t62440103
EISBN: 978-1-62708-352-2
... ... ... ... Chromium ... ... ... X Copper X ... ... ... Copper-nickel ... X ... ... Gold X ... ... ... Invar/Kovar ... ... X ... Lead X ... ... ... Magnesium ... ... ... X Nichrome ... ... X ... Nickel ... X ... ... Palladium X ... ... ... Platinum...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pb.t51230001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-351-5
... force, per unit area, with distance Fig. 1.18 Wettability index (defined as the product of the contact angle and spread area [ Feduska 1959 ]) of silver-base brazes on 316L stainless steel, heated in vacuum for 5 min. Palladium additions clearly have a beneficial effect on wetting...