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Oil burners

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Published: 01 November 2007
Fig. 9.6 Results of burner rig tests at 900 °C (1650 °F) with 50 ppm sea salt using No. 2 fuel oil (0.4% S) for combustion at 35:1 air-to-fuel ratio for alloys 230, 188, and 25. Source: Lai et al. ( Ref 23 ) More
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Published: 01 November 2007
Fig. 9.1 Relative hot corrosion resistance of cobalt-base alloys obtained from burner rig tests using 3% S residual oil and 325 ppm NaCl in fuel (equivalent to 5 ppm NaCl in air) at 870 °C (1600 °F) for 600 h. Source: Beltran ( Ref 21 ) More
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Published: 01 November 2007
Fig. 9.7 Test specimens alloy HR-160, 625, 800H, RA330, and Type 310 at 900 °C (1650 °F) in the combustion gas stream generated by a burner rig using No. 2 fuel oil (0.4% S) for combustion at 35:1 air-to-fuel ratio and with injection of 50 ppm sea salt into the combustion gas stream. During More
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080249
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
...-to-fuel ratio was 50 : 1, and 100 h cycle. Source: Ref 19 Burner rig tests were conducted ( Ref 21 ) using residual oil, containing 3% S and 325 ppm NaCl (equivalent to 5 ppm NaCl in air), at 870 °C (1600 °F) for 600 h on several cobalt-base alloys, which were X-45 (Co-25Cr-10Ni-7.5W), MAR-M302...
Image
Published: 01 November 2007
Fig. 9.5 Scanning electron backscattered image showing the cross section of a corroded IC-218 nickel aluminide specimen after hot corrosion burner rig testing at 900 °C (1650 °F) for 200 h with 50 ppm sea salt using No. 2 fuel oil (0.4% S) for combustion at 35:1 air-to-fuel ratio. The results More
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2024
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtpp.t59380185
EISBN: 978-1-62708-456-7
... will go out.) Close all gas cocks (atmosphere gases and burner gas). Close the main natural gas valve. Allow furnace circulating fan to run until the furnace temperature is below 150 °C (300 °F). Some things to note in the procedure: Quench oil level checked before start-up. Note...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... use controlled combustion of the fuel to heat water. Oil-fired boilers are used for heating water for domestic and industrial applications. In this type of boiler, the oil is mixed with air and burns by means of a burner to produce heat. The heat of the flame created by burning the oil and air mixture...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2024
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtpp.t59380017
EISBN: 978-1-62708-456-7
... for heavy loads The salt’s compatibility with other salts and/or the oil used in the same heat treating line The versatility of the salt’s application The ease with which the salt is washed from the work after heat treatment and the affinity of the salt for moisture By balancing these factors...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pnfn.t65900053
EISBN: 978-1-62708-350-8
... procedure and identified by the Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) designation of AMS 2755. The process simply involves: Preheating Immersion into the molten salt bath Cooling in still air or a suitable quench medium Postwashing Optional polishing or oiling The surface finish...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pht2.t51440055
EISBN: 978-1-62708-262-4
...), removed, and cooled in still air (as in normalizing), or quickly cooled (quenching) as by immersion in oil or water. Figures 1 , 2 , 3 , and 4 illustrate specific types of batch-type furnaces. Fig. 4 Batch-type multiple-purpose furnace that features an integral quenching system. Source: Ref 4...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cw.t51820115
EISBN: 978-1-62708-339-3
...) in continuous service. Scaling becomes excessive above approximately 760 °C (1400 °F) in intermittent service. Turbine blades and highly stressed sections in gas turbines, furnace parts, and burners operating below 650 °C (1200 °F), valve parts, cutlery, fasteners, hardware, oil refinery equipment, mining...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.gmpm.t51250249
EISBN: 978-1-62708-345-4
.... Oil, water, or polymer solutions can be used, in addition to air, depending on hardenability of the steel and hardening requirements. Applicable Materials A wide variety of materials can be induction hardened, including (cast and wrought) carbon and alloy steels, martensitic stainless steels...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2023
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ceeg.t59370177
EISBN: 978-1-62708-447-5
... housings, oil pans, gear boxes, lawn mower parts Oil pans, water pump bodies Air compressors Compressor bodies Marine Propellers (for soft water lake boats) Hardware Brackets Appliance and household goods Vacuum cleaner housings, washing machine agitators and gear boxes, electric griddles...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ex2.t69980323
EISBN: 978-1-62708-342-3
... Discard shear I, II, III I, II, III, IV ... ... ... Discard saw ... ... I, II I, II I, II Press drive Oil hydraulic drive up to 25 mm/s I, II, III I, II, III, IV ... ... ... Oil hydraulic drive up to 60 mm/s ... ... I, II I, II ... Water hydraulic drive up to 300...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430290
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... corrosion in boiler tubes are: (i) waterwall corrosion, (ii) fuel ash corrosion such as corrosion due to coal ash and oil ash, (iii) hot corrosion, (iv) acid dew point corrosion, (v) stress corrosion cracking, and (vi) polythionic acid corrosion ( Ref 6.1 , 6.28 ). Waterwall Corrosion or Reduced...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2024
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtpp.t59380223
EISBN: 978-1-62708-456-7
... control and all used the same “fast” oil for quenching. Three of the batch tempering furnaces were also equipped for nitrogen tempering. The endothermic gas was supplied by two 3600 cubic feet per hour (CFH) automatic dew point controlled and air-cooled generators. The output was fed to a looped common...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310233
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... steel, both of which are permissible, if not optimal, food contact materials. Aluminum releases aluminum ions into solution of both cooking oil and 3% acetic acid at nearly equal rates of 15 mg/cm 3 in 30 days. Carbon steel releases iron at over 100 mg/cm 3 in the same period. Stainless, however...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2023
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ceeg.t59370145
EISBN: 978-1-62708-447-5
... of a crucible made of a highly heat-conducting material such as silicon carbide or graphite placed over a refractory tile and surrounded by an insulated cylindrical shell. A gas burner-train lights the flame at the bottom, and a fan supplies air for combustion. The flame swirls around the crucible, melting...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170520
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... and electrical fittings of all kinds, including parts for domestic appliances (for example, washing machines, vacuum cleaners, mixers, and so on), oil burners, motor housings, locks, and clocks. Zinc castings are frequently and increasingly being specified for hardware used in the computer industry, in business...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080067
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
... dynamic burner rig test to simulate a gas turbine combustion environment. The simulated combustion gas stream was generated by burning fuel oil (a mixture of two parts No. 1 fuel and one part No. 2 fuel) with an air-to-fuel ratio of approximately 50 to 1 in a laboratory burner rig. Most of the air...