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Oil burners

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Published: 01 November 2007
Fig. 9.6 Results of burner rig tests at 900 °C (1650 °F) with 50 ppm sea salt using No. 2 fuel oil (0.4% S) for combustion at 35:1 air-to-fuel ratio for alloys 230, 188, and 25. Source: Lai et al. ( Ref 23 ) More
Image
Published: 01 November 2007
Fig. 9.1 Relative hot corrosion resistance of cobalt-base alloys obtained from burner rig tests using 3% S residual oil and 325 ppm NaCl in fuel (equivalent to 5 ppm NaCl in air) at 870 °C (1600 °F) for 600 h. Source: Beltran ( Ref 21 ) More
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Published: 01 November 2007
Fig. 9.7 Test specimens alloy HR-160, 625, 800H, RA330, and Type 310 at 900 °C (1650 °F) in the combustion gas stream generated by a burner rig using No. 2 fuel oil (0.4% S) for combustion at 35:1 air-to-fuel ratio and with injection of 50 ppm sea salt into the combustion gas stream. During More
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Published: 01 November 2007
Fig. 9.5 Scanning electron backscattered image showing the cross section of a corroded IC-218 nickel aluminide specimen after hot corrosion burner rig testing at 900 °C (1650 °F) for 200 h with 50 ppm sea salt using No. 2 fuel oil (0.4% S) for combustion at 35:1 air-to-fuel ratio. The results (wt More
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080249
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
...-to-fuel ratio was 50 : 1, and 100 h cycle. Source: Ref 19 Burner rig tests were conducted ( Ref 21 ) using residual oil, containing 3% S and 325 ppm NaCl (equivalent to 5 ppm NaCl in air), at 870 °C (1600 °F) for 600 h on several cobalt-base alloys, which were X-45 (Co-25Cr-10Ni-7.5W), MAR-M302...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... use controlled combustion of the fuel to heat water. Oil-fired boilers are used for heating water for domestic and industrial applications. In this type of boiler, the oil is mixed with air and burns by means of a burner to produce heat. The heat of the flame created by burning the oil and air mixture...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pnfn.t65900053
EISBN: 978-1-62708-350-8
... as a reliable procedure and identified by the Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) designation of AMS 2755. The process simply involves: Preheating Immersion into the molten salt bath Cooling in still air or a suitable quench medium Postwashing Optional polishing or oiling The surface...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pht2.t51440055
EISBN: 978-1-62708-262-4
...), removed, and cooled in still air (as in normalizing), or quickly cooled (quenching) as by immersion in oil or water. Figures 1 , 2 , 3 , and 4 illustrate specific types of batch-type furnaces. Fig. 4 Batch-type multiple-purpose furnace that features an integral quenching system. Source: Ref 4...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cw.t51820115
EISBN: 978-1-62708-339-3
...) in continuous service. Scaling becomes excessive above approximately 760 °C (1400 °F) in intermittent service. Turbine blades and highly stressed sections in gas turbines, furnace parts, and burners operating below 650 °C (1200 °F), valve parts, cutlery, fasteners, hardware, oil refinery equipment, mining...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430290
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... corrosion in boiler tubes are: (i) waterwall corrosion, (ii) fuel ash corrosion such as corrosion due to coal ash and oil ash, (iii) hot corrosion, (iv) acid dew point corrosion, (v) stress corrosion cracking, and (vi) polythionic acid corrosion ( Ref 6.1 , 6.28 ). Waterwall Corrosion or Reduced...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.gmpm.t51250249
EISBN: 978-1-62708-345-4
.... Oil, water, or polymer solutions can be used, in addition to air, depending on hardenability of the steel and hardening requirements. Applicable Materials A wide variety of materials can be induction hardened, including (cast and wrought) carbon and alloy steels, martensitic stainless steels...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ex2.t69980323
EISBN: 978-1-62708-342-3
... Discard shear I, II, III I, II, III, IV ... ... ... Discard saw ... ... I, II I, II I, II Press drive Oil hydraulic drive up to 25 mm/s I, II, III I, II, III, IV ... ... ... Oil hydraulic drive up to 60 mm/s ... ... I, II I, II ... Water hydraulic drive up to 300...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300179
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
... liners in internal combustion engines. The graphite flakes are thought to act as oil reservoirs to help maintain the hydrodynamic film separation of piston rings and cylinder liners. Ductile irons contain alloy elements such as magnesium to make the graphite form into spherical shapes on cooling...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310233
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... stainless than from aluminum and carbon steel, both of which are permissible, if not optimal, food contact materials. Aluminum releases aluminum ions into solution of both cooking oil and 3% acetic acid at nearly equal rates of 15 mg/cm 3 in 30 days. Carbon steel releases iron at over 100 mg/cm 3...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300047
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
... Table 3.1 Empirical values for specific thread conditions of various bolts Bolt type and lubrication COF Alloy steel bolt and nut No lubrication 0.2 Light oil 0.15 Cd plating on both 0.14 Cd plating on both plus light oil 0.1 Cd plating on both plus MoS2 0.08...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080067
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
... dynamic burner rig test to simulate a gas turbine combustion environment. The simulated combustion gas stream was generated by burning fuel oil (a mixture of two parts No. 1 fuel and one part No. 2 fuel) with an air-to-fuel ratio of approximately 50 to 1 in a laboratory burner rig. Most of the air...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030247
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
...Abstract Abstract This chapter discusses the particular corrosion problems encountered and the methods of control used in petroleum production and the storage and transportation of oil and gas up to the refinery. It begins by describing those aspects of corrosion that tend to be unique...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170520
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... and electrical fittings of all kinds, including parts for domestic appliances (for example, washing machines, vacuum cleaners, mixers, and so on), oil burners, motor housings, locks, and clocks. Zinc castings are frequently and increasingly being specified for hardware used in the computer industry, in business...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080259
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
...Abstract Abstract This chapter discusses material-related problems associated with coal-fired burners. It explains how high temperatures affect heat-absorbing surfaces in furnace combustion areas and in the convection pass of superheaters and reheaters. It describes how low-NOx combustion...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310163
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
..., with their excess of carbide, enough carbon solid solution occurs at lower temperatures to assure proper hardening, so that for these steels, the general practice is to heat approximately 55 °C above the Ac 1 for oil or polymer quenching and approximately 10 °C (50 °F) above for water or brine. In some...