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O-ring leaks

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Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sfa.t52780131
EISBN: 978-1-62708-268-6
... Abstract Leaks can occur as the result of several failure causes. This chapter reviews the causes, features, and impact of various types of leaks, namely gasket leaks, O-ring leaks, bond-joint leaks, weld leaks, polyvinyl chloride leaks, valve leaks, and structural leaks. bond-joint leaks...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pmsspmp.t52000185
EISBN: 978-1-62708-312-6
..., these rings can be nickel or chrome plated to give them a rust-free appearance. 11.1.3 Automotive Exhaust Systems Because of stricter environmental regulations (no-leak exhaust systems) and consumer demands for extended service life, automotive exhaust systems are now increasingly made from stainless...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sch6.t68200158
EISBN: 978-1-62708-354-6
... Rolling mill edger frame. Assembly of cast components joined by electroslag welding. Total weight over 200 tons Cost Reduction The assembly of several large castings into a speed ring for a hydraulic turbine is shown in Figure 11-8 . Such assemblies often measure 30 feet (9 m) in diameter...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030089
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... transverse cracks were found at the bottom circumferential weld in the deaerator vessel. These were removed by grinding to a depth of 1.5 mm (0.06 in.). Inspection of storage tank B revealed numerous cracks transverse to welds. With the shell constructed from three rings of plate, the longitudinal ring...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300271
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
... industrial ceramics commercially available, but the ones with the most agreed-to utility in tribology are: Aluminum oxide (Al 2 O 3 ) Silicon carbide (SiC) Silicon nitride (Si 3 N 4 ) Zirconia (ZrO 2 ) Cermets As the name implies, this material is comprised of a ceramic ( cer...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030096
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... ring was used, which left a crevice after welding. The sample was taken from a leaking brine cooling coil used in the production of nitroglycerin. The cooling coils contained calcium chloride (CaCl 2 ) brine inhibited with chromates. Coils were made by butt welding sections of seamless type 304L...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cw.t51820013
EISBN: 978-1-62708-339-3
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.wip.t65930217
EISBN: 978-1-62708-359-1
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cw.t51820043
EISBN: 978-1-62708-339-3
...) dissolves any carbides that may have formed along grain boundaries in the HAZ. For large structures, this approach is usually impractical. Sensitized HAZs in Type 304 and 316 Stainless Steels Thiosulfate ( S 2 O 3 2 − ) pitting corrosion will readily occur...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aceg.t68410151
EISBN: 978-1-62708-280-8
... variables affect the computation. The geometric variables include: Linear dimensions Whether the dimension is on an external or internal feature Casting configuration (solid, ring, box, or U-shape) Differential contraction among thick and thin sections or walls. The process...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110563
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... packaging before dicing, i.e., 0-level packaging at the wafer level by either wafer-to-wafer bonding or locally bonding of a little cap (e.g., Si or glass) over the MEMS using a hermetic sealing ring. A vacuum or specifically controlled atmosphere can be critical to the functioning of a MEMS device...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300301
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
..., and all types of seals (such as O-rings). Second only to tires, a significant tribological use of rubber and elastomers is footwear. Wear on friction of footwear is a significant part of tribomaterials. A rubber, by definition, is an organic material that demonstrates 200% elongation in a tensile...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110042
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... s o l u t i o n S p a r r o w _ r e s o l u t i o n Where M is the required magnification. For our example: M = 2 ( 76   microns ) 0.25 ​ ​   microns ∼   600 x In this example we need about 600x magnification to just resolve...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hpcspa.t54460209
EISBN: 978-1-62708-285-3
... of steering shafts. Torque in the shaft generates strain in a magnetostrictive ring mounted on the shaft, and the magnetization of the ring is changed, which gives information about the torque state of the steering shaft. It has been difficult to manufacture high-quality torque sensors because the high...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430204
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... and water at the internal surface of the tube usually gives rise to the formation of a scale. The scale comprises different oxides of varying thickness. Three important oxides of iron that normally constitute the scale are FeO (i.e., wustite), Fe 2 O 3 (i.e., hematite), and Fe 3 O 4 (i.e., magnetite...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.stg2.t61280041
EISBN: 978-1-62708-267-9
... and a base leak-up rate is taken. Leak-up rates are taken by blanking off all of the vacuum ports to the melt chamber and measuring the deterioration of vacuum level in the furnace as a function of time. A common time period for this measurement is three minutes. The rate of deterioration is a measurement...
Book Chapter

By L. L. Sparks
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 1983
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mlt.t62860047
EISBN: 978-1-62708-348-5
... for various compounds as determined experimentally (reported by Corruccinl and Gnlewek, 1960) and as computed using the Kopp-Neumann additivity principle and Dulong–Petit specific heat value of 3 R . NaCl KBr AgCl PbS CuS Ag 2 S PbCl 2 CaF 2 Fe 2 O 3 Molecular wt. (g·mol –1 ) 58.448...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910427
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
...% NaCl solution is used, with 1 g of copper II chloride (CuCl 2 -2H 2 O) added to each 3.8 L of salt solution. The solution is then adjusted to a pH range of 3.1 to 3.3 by adding acetic acid. The temperature of the CASS cabinet is controlled to maintain 49 + 1.1 or −1.7 °C (120 + 2 or −3 °F) within...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230295
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
...) are required to deep draw beryllium, conventional lubricants applied directly to the blank and die will burn off, causing galling between workpiece and die at high-pressure areas such as the draw ring-to-blank interface. The solution to this problem is best achieved by using die materials that are self...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pb.t51230207
EISBN: 978-1-62708-351-5
...: Saunders and Miodownik [1990] . Published in Massalski [1990] Fig. 6.6 Nomograph based on Eq 6.1 in the text defining the relationship between brazing time ( t ), tin thickness ( W o ), and the diffusivity ( D α ¯ ) of the solute in the base metal, according to the model...