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Nuclear reactor components

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090191
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... BWR Component IGSCC Behavior on Coolant Chemistry , Proc. 4th Int. Conf. Environmental Degradation of Materials in Nuclear Power Systems—Water Reactors , National Association of Corrosion Engineers , 1990 , p 14-46 to 14-62 6.7 Brown K.S. and Gordon G.M. , Effects of BWR...
Book Chapter

By Kenneth A. Walsh
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
... was selected as a reflector or moderator in nuclear reactors. Quantities of beryllium used in reactors ranged from a few kilograms in systems for nuclear auxiliary power devices to 1600 kg in the Advanced Test Reactor at Idaho National Laboratory. Until the cessation of nuclear weapon construction, large...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090359
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
.... Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Office of Nuclear Reactor Regulation, 1984 16.4 “ Failures in 4-Inch Bypass Piping of Dresden 2 ,” NRC IE Bull. No. 74-10B, U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Office of Inspection and Enforcement, 1975 16.5 “ ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code ,” Section XI...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090135
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... and Corrosion Cracking of Materials for Water Cooled Reactors ,” EPRI Progress Reports FCC7805 ( Jan–June 1980 ), Electric Power Research Institute 5.141 Berge P. , “ Modeling Corrosion for Life Prediction of Nuclear Reactor Components ,” Paper 1, presented at Int. Symp. Life Prediction...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240597
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... superheated water, and is almost transparent to thermal energy neutrons. These properties, combined with its good mechanical properties, make zirconium very useful in nuclear power applications, especially as cladding for uranium fuel and for other reactor components. Zirconium and most of its alloys...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090349
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... 39 , 1977 , p 232 – 240 15.2 “ Investigation and Evaluation of Cracking in Austenitic Stainless Steel Piping of Boiling Water Reactor Plants ,” Tech. Report NUREG 75/067, U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Oct 1975 15.3 Klepfer H.H. et al. , Investigation of Causes...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cw.t51820177
EISBN: 978-1-62708-339-3
... to the piping IGSCC concern in the United States consist primarily of replacing the susceptible types 304 and 316 stainless steels with more sensitization-resistant materials, such as types 316 and 304 nuclear grades (NG), redissolving the chromium carbides by solution heat treatment, and cladding with crack...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080423
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
... been investigated for use as coolants in nuclear reactors. Sodium, for example, has been used as a coolant in fast breeder nuclear reactors. Most corrosion studies of molten metals have been carried out in conjunction with nuclear reactor applications ( Ref 1 – 4 ). Other applications of liquid metals...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030074
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... 73.0 … … 1.0 2.5 0.7 7.0 0.04 0.25 max Cu Gas turbine components, pressure vessels, applications in nuclear reactors N08811 Incoloy 800HT 21.0 32.5 … … … 0.4 0.4 46.0 0.08 0.8 Mn, 0.5 Si, 0.4 Cu Industrial furnaces, carburizing equipment N12160 Haynes HR-160 28.0 37.0...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230007
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
... quantities of beryllium would have been used in nuclear reactors as neutron reflector components. Since the late 1940s, all beryllium fabrication has been based on powder metallurgy. To produce full-density bodies, the beryllium powder must be heated to 1000 to 1100 °C in a die with concomitant...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sap.t53000117
EISBN: 978-1-62708-313-3
... corrosive environments and is especially resistant to pitting and crevice corrosion Inconel 690 … Resists nitric and hydrofluoric acids Inconel 718 GTE components, rocket motors, spacecraft, nuclear reactor pumps, and tooling Most widely used of all wrought superalloys. Creep rupture strength up...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090095
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
...-temperature water SCC usually denotes SCC in simulated nuclear boiling water reactor (BWR) and nuclear pressurized water reactor (PWR) coolant environments. The term irradiation-assisted SCC refers to SCC in nuclear power station core components that are subjected to heavy doses of radiation within...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080409
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
...General applications of molten salt technology in several industries Table 15.1 General applications of molten salt technology in several industries Industry Applications Power Solar/thermal: collection, storage, transfer Nuclear: homogeneous reactors, reprocessing...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230131
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
... at Intermediate Temperatures—Anomalous Behavior and a Solution , Symposium on Components of Interest in Nuclear Reactor Technology , AIME-TMS , Warrensdale, PA , p 495 – 509 , 1964 Perkins F.C. , 1963 . “ Intermediate Temperature Oxidation of Beryllides, Final Report ,” University of Denver...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmub.t53550193
EISBN: 978-1-62708-307-2
... it especially compatible with nuclear energy and fusion reactor applications. Low levels of iron and aluminum are present in commercial grades of beryllium ( Table 4.2 ). Although these elements cannot be eliminated economically, they can be balanced, and heat treatments can be applied to form discrete...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060315
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... is not as ductile or as easily worked, while the ductility of zirconium is similar to stainless steel and allows fabrication with common shop equipment. Zirconium and hafnium are used in water-cooled nuclear reactors, but they serve different functions. Zirconium allows passage of thermal neutrons, while...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.dmlahtc.t60490001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-340-9
... reactions inside a nuclear reactor. It is estimated that in the United States approximately 70% of the electricity is produced in fossil power plants, 15% in nuclear power plants, 12% in hydroelectric power plants, and the remainder from other types of sources ( Ref 3 ). This mix may be somewhat different...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720233
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
... portable Accelerator 10 3 –10 6 Medium Average On-off operation, medium cost, possibly transportable Subcritical assembly 10 4 –10 6 Good Average Stable operation, medium to high investment cost, movement difficult Nuclear reactor 10 5 –10 8 Excellent Short Medium to high investment...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090303
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... corrosion resistance. For more than 60 years, zirconium and its alloys have been successfully used in a variety of applications, including fuel cladding and structural components in nuclear reactors, chemical equipment, getters, and alloying. Zirconium resists stress-corrosion cracking (SCC) in certain...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sch6.t68200007
EISBN: 978-1-62708-354-6
... case, diffuser case The nuclear power generating industry also utilizes many steel castings. A 45 ton, 156 in. (396 cm) diameter nuclear reactor core support, Figure 2-83 , consists of four CF 8 stainless steel castings joined by electroslag welding. Fig. 2-83 Nuclear reactor core...