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Nuclear reactor components

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090191
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... of approximately 2 × 10 21 n/cm 2 . Initial concern for aggressive high radiation conditions was reflected in the specification of solution-annealed materials for most light water reactor (LWR) core components. Nevertheless, IASCC was first observed in the early 1960s in fuel elements ( Ref 6.1 , 6.9...
Book Chapter

By Kenneth A. Walsh
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
... was selected as a reflector or moderator in nuclear reactors. Quantities of beryllium used in reactors ranged from a few kilograms in systems for nuclear auxiliary power devices to 1600 kg in the Advanced Test Reactor at Idaho National Laboratory. Until the cessation of nuclear weapon construction, large...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090359
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
.... Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Office of Inspection and Enforcement, March 4 , 1983 16.3 “ Inspection of BWR Stainless Steel Piping ,” NRC Generic Letter 84-11, U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Office of Nuclear Reactor Regulation, 1984 16.4 “ Failures in 4-Inch Bypass Piping of Dresden...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240597
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... in nuclear reactors. Beryllium is an extremely lightweight metal that, as a result of its high specific modulus, is used in high-value aerospace structures. Lead and tin form the most widely used solders, and lead is the most important of the battery materials. Gold, silver, and the platinum group are all...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090349
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... designed to Section III of the ASME Boiler Code for Nuclear Power Plant Components. Using these codes, the design stresses of the piping systems were well below the material yield strength. However, the code piping stress analysis did not include allowances for intergranular SCC and residual stresses from...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cw.t51820177
EISBN: 978-1-62708-339-3
... to the piping IGSCC concern in the United States consist primarily of replacing the susceptible types 304 and 316 stainless steels with more sensitization-resistant materials, such as types 316 and 304 nuclear grades (NG), redissolving the chromium carbides by solution heat treatment, and cladding with crack...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090135
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... decades, they have been used increasingly in more severe oil and gas, marine, and pollution-control applications. The precipitation-hardenable nickel-base alloys, such as alloy 718 (UNS N07718), were originally developed for aerospace applications but are now being used in the nuclear and oil and gas...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sap.t53000117
EISBN: 978-1-62708-313-3
... corrosive environments and is especially resistant to pitting and crevice corrosion Inconel 690 … Resists nitric and hydrofluoric acids Inconel 718 GTE components, rocket motors, spacecraft, nuclear reactor pumps, and tooling Most widely used of all wrought superalloys. Creep rupture strength up...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030074
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... 73.0 … … 1.0 2.5 0.7 7.0 0.04 0.25 max Cu Gas turbine components, pressure vessels, applications in nuclear reactors N08811 Incoloy 800HT 21.0 32.5 … … … 0.4 0.4 46.0 0.08 0.8 Mn, 0.5 Si, 0.4 Cu Industrial furnaces, carburizing equipment N12160 Haynes HR-160 28.0 37.0...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080423
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
... investigated for use as coolants in nuclear reactors. Sodium, for example, has been used as a coolant in fast breeder nuclear reactors. Most corrosion studies of molten metals have been carried out in conjunction with nuclear reactor applications ( Ref 1 – 4 ). Other applications of liquid metals include heat...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.dmlahtc.t60490329
EISBN: 978-1-62708-340-9
.... and Semchyshen M. , Ed., STP 755, American Society for Testing and Materials , Philadelphia , 1982 , p 228 - 254 97. Sikka V.K. , in Ferritic Alloys for Use in Nuclear Energy Technologies , Davies J.W. and Michael D.J. , Ed., The Metallurgical Society of AIME, Warrendale , PA...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.dmlahtc.t60490001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-340-9
... reactions inside a nuclear reactor. It is estimated that in the United States approximately 70% of the electricity is produced in fossil power plants, 15% in nuclear power plants, 12% in hydroelectric power plants, and the remainder from other types of sources ( Ref 3 ). This mix may be somewhat different...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230007
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
... quantities of beryllium would have been used in nuclear reactors as neutron reflector components. Since the late 1940s, all beryllium fabrication has been based on powder metallurgy. To produce full-density bodies, the beryllium powder must be heated to 1000 to 1100 °C in a die with concomitant...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmub.t53550193
EISBN: 978-1-62708-307-2
...; the plasma temperature in which nuclear fusion takes place is near to 100 °C million (by comparison, the sun’s core temperature is 40 °C million). Establishing a controlled nuclear fusion reaction is the main task of the ITER project. For thermal shielding of the reactor core and withdrawing plasma heat...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030235
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... 1560 Sulfidation, carburization, deposits Melamine production (urea) reactors 450–500 840–930 Nitriding Other processes Titanium production reactor vessels 900 1650 Oxidation, chlorination Nitric acid—catalyst grid 930 1705 Oxidation, nitriding, sulfidation Nuclear...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090095
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... usually denotes SCC in simulated nuclear boiling water reactor (BWR) and nuclear pressurized water reactor (PWR) coolant environments. The term irradiation-assisted SCC refers to SCC in nuclear power station core components that are subjected to heavy doses of radiation within the core as well...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080409
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
... industries Table 15.1 General applications of molten salt technology in several industries Industry Applications Power Solar/thermal: collection, storage, transfer Nuclear: homogeneous reactors, reprocessing Batteries Fuel cells Metals/materials Extraction: refractory...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060315
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... and allows fabrication with common shop equipment. Zirconium and hafnium are used in water-cooled nuclear reactors, but they serve different functions. Zirconium allows passage of thermal neutrons, while hafnium impedes their passage. It is also used in nuclear control rods as a neutron-absorbing...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.dmlahtc.9781627083409
EISBN: 978-1-62708-340-9
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230131
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
... as high-temperature nuclear reactor materials. The projected nuclear uses of the beryllides have included both fuel components and structural hardware. It should be noted that despite the very promising physical and mechanical properties of beryllide intermetallic compounds, various problems have kept...