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Nuclear power reactors

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090191
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... factors. Do complex, competitive interactions dominate the segregation of impurities? Similarly, can minute concentrations of impurities (e.g., 5 ppm B, which is greater than the vacancy concentration induced by neutron irradiation in power reactors) affect RIS of major alloying elements, for example...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090359
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
...-drop technique 16.5 Conclusion Safe operation of nuclear power plants is the primary driving force behind NDE of these facilities. The outstanding safety record of this industry directly attests to the success of these efforts. Nondestructive evaluation technologies are constantly being...
Book Chapter

By Kenneth A. Walsh
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
... was selected as a reflector or moderator in nuclear reactors. Quantities of beryllium used in reactors ranged from a few kilograms in systems for nuclear auxiliary power devices to 1600 kg in the Advanced Test Reactor at Idaho National Laboratory. Until the cessation of nuclear weapon construction, large...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090349
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... designed to Section III of the ASME Boiler Code for Nuclear Power Plant Components. Using these codes, the design stresses of the piping systems were well below the material yield strength. However, the code piping stress analysis did not include allowances for intergranular SCC and residual stresses from...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090135
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... decades, they have been used increasingly in more severe oil and gas, marine, and pollution-control applications. The precipitation-hardenable nickel-base alloys, such as alloy 718 (UNS N07718), were originally developed for aerospace applications but are now being used in the nuclear and oil and gas...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cw.t51820177
EISBN: 978-1-62708-339-3
... to the piping IGSCC concern in the United States consist primarily of replacing the susceptible types 304 and 316 stainless steels with more sensitization-resistant materials, such as types 316 and 304 nuclear grades (NG), redissolving the chromium carbides by solution heat treatment, and cladding with crack...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030074
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... N06600) is a Ni-Cr-Fe alloy ( Table 2 ) that contains approximately 16% Cr and 9% Fe. Because this alloy has excellent resistance to general corrosion in high-temperature water, it was selected for fabrication of the heat exchanger tubes in pressurized water reactor nuclear power plants. However...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080409
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
... industries Table 15.1 General applications of molten salt technology in several industries Industry Applications Power Solar/thermal: collection, storage, transfer Nuclear: homogeneous reactors, reprocessing Batteries Fuel cells Metals/materials Extraction: refractory...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240597
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... in nuclear reactors. Beryllium is an extremely lightweight metal that, as a result of its high specific modulus, is used in high-value aerospace structures. Lead and tin form the most widely used solders, and lead is the most important of the battery materials. Gold, silver, and the platinum group are all...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090095
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... usually denotes SCC in simulated nuclear boiling water reactor (BWR) and nuclear pressurized water reactor (PWR) coolant environments. The term irradiation-assisted SCC refers to SCC in nuclear power station core components that are subjected to heavy doses of radiation within the core as well...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.dmlahtc.t60490001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-340-9
... reactions inside a nuclear reactor. It is estimated that in the United States approximately 70% of the electricity is produced in fossil power plants, 15% in nuclear power plants, 12% in hydroelectric power plants, and the remainder from other types of sources ( Ref 3 ). This mix may be somewhat different...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080423
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
... investigated for use as coolants in nuclear reactors. Sodium, for example, has been used as a coolant in fast breeder nuclear reactors. Most corrosion studies of molten metals have been carried out in conjunction with nuclear reactor applications ( Ref 1 – 4 ). Other applications of liquid metals include heat...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sap.t53000117
EISBN: 978-1-62708-313-3
... equipment, heating-element sheathing, nuclear steamgenerator tubing Good strength and excellent oxidation and carburization resistance Incoloy 800H Chemical and petrochemical processing, superheater and reheater tubing in power plants, industrial furnaces, heat treating equipment Based on IN-800...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060315
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... Metal processing : hot-work tools and dies, casting dies Medical applications : dentistry uses, prosthetic devices Space vehicles : aerodynamically heated skins, rocket engine parts Heat-treating equipment : trays, fixtures, conveyor belts, baskets, fans, furnace mufflers Nuclear power...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090303
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... elements during strong depletion of fuel that happens in reactor operation in more stressed regimes of variation in their power. 11.1.4 Hot and Fused Salts A condition of “dry-out” is a possible occurrence in nuclear reactors. Dissolved salts in water could precipitate out under this condition...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.dmlahtc.9781627083409
EISBN: 978-1-62708-340-9
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sch6.t68200007
EISBN: 978-1-62708-354-6
... case, diffuser case The nuclear power generating industry also utilizes many steel castings. A 45 ton, 156 in. (396 cm) diameter nuclear reactor core support, Figure 2-83 , consists of four CF 8 stainless steel castings joined by electroslag welding. Fig. 2-83 Nuclear reactor core...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720233
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
... of the nuclear reactor. However, only certain isotopes are extensively used for radiography, as shown in Table 2 . Characteristics of γ-ray sources used in industrial radiography Table 2 Characteristics of γ-ray sources used in industrial radiography γ-ray source Half-life Photon energy, MeV...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230131
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
... as high-temperature nuclear reactor materials. The projected nuclear uses of the beryllides have included both fuel components and structural hardware. It should be noted that despite the very promising physical and mechanical properties of beryllide intermetallic compounds, various problems have kept...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmub.t53550193
EISBN: 978-1-62708-307-2
...; the plasma temperature in which nuclear fusion takes place is near to 100 °C million (by comparison, the sun’s core temperature is 40 °C million). Establishing a controlled nuclear fusion reaction is the main task of the ITER project. For thermal shielding of the reactor core and withdrawing plasma heat...